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Medicine and Human Genetics

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  1. Tuberculosis remains a global health challenge, with central nervous system tuberculosis (CNSTB) affecting 5–10% of extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases, leading to severe complications in children aged 2 to 4 ye...

    Authors: Amulya Veeramachaneni, Darshan Rajatadri Rangaswamy, Niranjan Kamble and Vikram S. Kumar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:72
  2. Dengue fever (DF) is a viral illness caused by the dengue virus transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoe. It manifests with a range of symptoms, from mild DF to severe forms like dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue...

    Authors: Niranjan Kamble, Vikram S. Kumar, Darshan Rajatadri Rangaswamy and Kiran Kavatagi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:68
  3. Pituitary adenomas comprise clinical and pathological characteristics of functional and non-functional subtypes. To enhance our understanding of diagnostic presentations, our study aimed to know the clinicopat...

    Authors: Ashish Ranjan Singh and Prabhat Kumar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:64
  4. Acute pancreatitis (AP) during pregnancy is a rare condition and a potential cause of maternal–fetal mortality. Its diagnosis can be challenging. Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is one of the causes. We describe a ...

    Authors: Charlotte Garin, Agathe Bridier-Petit, Sophie Ménard and Clotilde Lamy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:63
  5. Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is one of the most common causes of acute neuromuscular paralysis in developed and developing countries. It is a complex autoimmune disorder characterized by progressive skeletal ...

    Authors: Babangida Shehu Bappah, Idoo Womboh, Patrick Ayi Ewah, Lawan Umar and Jibril Mohammed
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:54
  6. Pantoea agglomerans (P. agglomerans) is an environmental gram-negative bacterium that rarely infects humans. P. agglomerans infections have never been reported in Tanzania. We investigated the occurrence of P. ag...

    Authors: Salim S. Masoud, Mtebe Majigo, Raidah R. Gangji, Helmut Nyawale, Albert Ntukula, Frank Msafiri, Doreen Kamori, Joel Manyahi and Mabula Kasubi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:52
  7. Despite several justifications for utilizing beta-blockers, such as atenolol, as the initial treatment for hypertension in the presence of cardiovascular disease, some studies have demonstrated that calcium ch...

    Authors: Abdullah Alkattan, Eman Alsalameen, Alaa Harmoush, Mhd Nour Farawati, Hind Alsharif, Nagla Mahmoud, Mhd Ali Farawati, Amjad Alfaleh, Mahmoud Kandeel and Nashwa Radwan
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:51
  8. Thrombophilia is characterised by an abnormality of blood coagulation that increases thrombosis. Homocystinuria encompasses a group of disorders marked by increased levels of homocysteine and other amino acids...

    Authors: Poojitha Tulasi, Amulya Veeramachaneni, Niranjan Kamble and Darshan Rajatadri Rangaswamy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:43
  9. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease leading to destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to pathogenesis. The incidence of T1D is incr...

    Authors: Tamer A. Addissouky, Majeed M. A. Ali, Ibrahim El Tantawy El Sayed and Yuliang Wang
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:42
  10. As widely known, an intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, typically T-shaped contraceptive device that offers long-term reversible birth control. However, neglecting to remove the IUD can lead to severe compli...

    Authors: Farooq Hameed, Adeel Anwaar, Mamoona Anwar and Maria Anwar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:36
  11. The convergence of pulmonary hemorrhage, pulmonary amyloidosis, and multiple myeloma is uncommon. Amyloidosis can affect the pulmonary parenchyma in a diffuse, tracheobronchial, or parenchymal pattern and may ...

    Authors: Claudia Birchenall-Jiménez, Jesús Perdomo-Polania, María Serna, Isabella Méndez-Carrillo, Felipe Hernández-Guerrero, Santiago Mantilla-García, María Quintero-Osorio and Ximena Cortés-Jaramillo
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:17
  12. Tobacco smoking remains a major preventable cause of disease and death worldwide. Combustible cigarettes release thousands of chemicals that can initiate inflammatory pathways leading to smoking-related illnes...

    Authors: Tamer A. Addissouky, Ibrahim El Tantawy El Sayed, Majeed M. A. Ali, Yuliang Wang, Ayman El Baz, Naglaa Elarabany and Ahmed A. Khalil
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:16
  13. Emergency department telepsychiatry (EDTP) can improve healthcare delivery. However, no studies document implementation and overall satisfaction within the Canadian pandemic context. The objectives of this stu...

    Authors: Erika N. Dugas, Nadia Bouhamdani, Martine Poirier, Rino Lang, Martin Robichaud, Julie Aube-Pinet and Stéphane Godin
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:10
  14. Splenic artery aneurysms are rare and usually asymptomatic, with a high risk of mortality once they get ruptured. This is a rare case of a spontaneous splenic artery aneurysm rupture in a high-risk patient for...

    Authors: Márcia Carvalho, João Mendes, Carlos Macedo-Oliveira, Bárbara Freire, Juliana Pereira-Macedo, Rita Pinheiro Duque, Ricardo Lemos and Francisco Sampaio
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:9
  15. Globally, urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the leading cause of hospital visits, especially among women. In many developing countries, especially in lower health facilities, the dipstick urinalysis is the m...

    Authors: Salim S. Masoud, Mtebe Majigo, Vitus Silago, Peter Kunambi, Helmut Nyawale, Nyambura Moremi, Erick Komba, Fauster X. Mgaya, Emmanuel Magembe, Mariam M. Mirambo, Stephen E. Mshana and Mecky Isaac Matee
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:6
  16. A penile fracture occurs when the tunica albuginea of penis tears during erection. Penile fracture is a rare but serious injury that occurs when the erect penis sustains a traumatic force. It is characterized ...

    Authors: Farooq Hameed, Adeel Anwaar, Humayun Saeed, Usman Noor, Abdullah Saleem and Mamoona Anwar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:181
  17. The tracheo-innominate fistula is a rare and potentially life-threatening entity that occurs in approximately less than 1% of patients after a tracheostomy. It occurs when the anterior wall of the trachea erod...

    Authors: Mariana Isaza-Meza, Juan Sebastián Benavides-Aristizábal, Leidy Tatiana Bautista-Cerón, María Alejandra Garzón-Parra and Claudia Inés Birchenall-Jiménez
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:180
  18. Exercise is an effective treatment for establishing and maintaining skeletal muscle health. The interconnected cascade of gene expression pathways related to myogenesis, mitochondrial homeostasis, and thyroid ...

    Authors: Emily L. Zumbro, Anthony A. Duplanty, Ryan A. Gordon, Gena D. Guerin, Matthew F. Brisebois, Matthew L. Sokoloski and Brandon R. Rigby
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:178
  19. HIV and malaria are serious public health concerns, particularly in Tanzania. HIV-infected individuals are more likely to get malaria and its complications. However, data on the interaction of the two diseases...

    Authors: Hamad Nnimbo, Doreen Kamori, Nsiande Lema and Abdallah Mohamed
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:176
  20. This study aims to quantify the difference between Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) concerning the incidence of post-bariatric surgery hypoglycemia (PBSH) and variation...

    Authors: Sotirios Artsitas, Dimitrios Artsitas, Spyridon Smparounis, Dimitrios Theodorou and George C. Zografos
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:172
  21. We report a case of a patient with HER2-positive gastric cancer with marked tongue swelling during the second cycle of S-1, oxaliplatin, and trastuzumab.

    Authors: Taichi Abe, Tatsuya Sumiya, Ayaka Tsuji, Izumi Hanai, Yukiko Otomo, Takae Yamamoto and Emiko Iguchi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:171
  22. We recently adapted a guideline for Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) in children to the Egyptian health system. Adaptation of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines to the local healthcare context is a ...

    Authors: Shahenaz Mohamoud Hussien, Tarek Hamed, Magda Hassab Allah Mohamed, Mohamed Mahmoud Rashad, Hala Gouda Elnady, Hoda M. Salah El Din Metwally, Amira S. El Refay, Bahaa Mohammed Sobh, Eman Mahmoud Fouda, Hala Hamdi Shaaban, Mona Mohsen Elattar, Abla Saleh Mostafa, Dina Hossam-Eldine Hamed, Aya Samir, Sally Raffat, Maysaa Abdallah Saeed…
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:169
  23. Parkinson's disorder is a neurodegenerative illness that displays motor and non-motor manifestations. There is no definite cause of Parkinson's disorder, nor is there a medicine or treatment to prevent it.

    Authors: Seyed-Amirabbas Ahadiat and Zeinab Hosseinian
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:167
  24. Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common nutritional disorder affecting all age groups. Infants and young children are vulnerable to anemia especially iron deficiency anemia (IDA), which represents a public hea...

    Authors: Galila Mokhtar, Ahmed Youssef, Ashraf Abdel Baky, Ehab Khairy El Khashab, Enas Raafat, Ilham Youssry, Iman Ragab, Laila Sherief, Manar Mohamed Fathy, Mervat Abdallah Hesham, Nouran Yousef Salah, Rasha AbdelRaouf AbdelAziz Afifi, Sherein Abdelhamid Shalaby, Sonia Adolf Habib, Tarek Omar and Yasmin Gamal El Gendy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:162
  25. To diagnose testicular torsion promptly and accurately when diagnosis of testicular torsion is difficult by color Doppler ultrasonography owing to testicular blood flow, we assess the helpfulness of physical f...

    Authors: Kazuro Kikkawa, Yuko Ueda, Shimpei Yamashita, Yasuo Kohjimoto and Isao Hara
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:161
  26. Defects in mismatch repair (MMR) system or microsatellite instability (MSI) and detected in colorectal carcinoma (CRC), both in sporadic and more frequently in hereditary cases. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is t...

    Authors: Noha N. Yassen, Dalia M. Abouelfadl, Naglaa F. Abbas, Ahmed S. A. Soliman and Marwa E. Shabana
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:155
  27. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused drastic changes in the publishing framework which allowed for the quick review and rapid publication of manuscripts in order to quickly share vital information about this new v...

    Authors: Rahma Menshawey, Esraa Menshawey, Ahmed Mitkees and Bilal A. Mahamud
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:151
  28. In recent years, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased, leading to the development of various dietary interventions as potential treatments. Two popular diets are time-restricted feeding and l...

    Authors: Muneerah H. Al-jammaz, Abdulrahman Al-kalifah, Nawal Abdullah Al-bader and Maha H. Al-hussain
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:146
  29. Diabetes mellitus is increasing in Africa, and diabetes-related amputations exacerbated by diabetic foot infection are also prevalent with Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa two priority pathogens p...

    Authors: Danladi Makeri, Martin Odoki, Emmanuel Eilu and Ezera Agwu
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:145
  30. Dyslipidemia and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are well-known diseases and are part of a very broad spectrum evolving toward non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). This entity has not been described in preg...

    Authors: Jonathan Cordivani, Lamy Clotilde, Boulvain Michel and Riera Catherine
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:136
  31. Heart transplant recipients are a subset of immunocompromised patients at particularly high risk of morbidity and mortality from COVID-19. Acute effects of the viral infection have been well-described in the l...

    Authors: Micaela MacKay, Jeremy C. Tomcho and Wissam Khalife
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:127
  32. Retention in care and adherence to medication among pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV (PBWLH) are crucial for preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Wide coverage of mobile phon...

    Authors: Rehema Anenmose Maro, Kennedy Ngowi, Haikael Martin, Angel Dillip, Lyidia Masika, Alan Mtenga, Benson Mtesha and Marion Sumari-de Boer
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:125
  33. Weight re-gain (which is also known as re-obesity) is an overwhelming challenge many dieters face in their pursuit to maintain consistent results following successful weight loss. This frustrating pattern of w...

    Authors: Antoine AbdelMassih, Maryam Eid, Mahenar Gadalla, Nour AbouShadi, Steven Youssef, Batoul Ali, Janna AbdelDayem, Emmy AbdelFatah, Abdulrahman Mahmoud, Ahmed ElLithey, Beshoy Ghabreal, Doha ElSaid, Haya Mohamed, Hoda Labib, Mennatullah ShamselDin, Nada Daniel…
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:124
  34. At present, the function of isothermal microcalorimetry (IMC) calscreener in detecting alterations in the metabolic pathways of cancer cells remains unexplored. We disclosed the shortcomings of current screeni...

    Authors: Michael Tosin Bayode, Mercy Adewumi Alabi, Temitope Abraham Ibisanmi, Ayomide Faith Okiti, Olabisi Omowumi Adebisi, Philemon Olayemi Aro, Ayoola Emmanuel Awode, Oyindamola Sukurat Lawal, Olamide Joshua Babatunde and Gladys Oluwafisayo Adenikinju
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:120
  35. Methanol poisoning is a worldwide phenomenon that has resulted in deaths and irreversible complications. However, studies show it is more prevalent in developing countries and areas with lower socioeconomic st...

    Authors: Ali Jafarizadeh, Navid Sobhi, Mirsaeed Abdollahi, Zhila Khamnian, Farideh Mousavi, Saba Jabbari and Hossein Jabbari
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:119
  36. Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare and challenging cancer for diagnosis and treatment. Accurate diagnosis plays a crucial role guiding appropriate treatment, typically involving hig...

    Authors: Naveed Syed, Waed Mohammad Jaber, Islam Samir Elkonaissi, Imran Mirza and Moussab Damlaj
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:117
  37. The protein phosphatase 2 (PP2A) is one of the major serine/threonine phosphatases in humans. The most frequently reported pathogenic PP2A variants have been identified in PPP2R5D, encoding the regulatory subunit...

    Authors: Philippe Pierre Robichaud, Nadia Bouhamdani, Eugénie Girouard, Emily Biden and Mouna Ben Amor
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:106
  38. Central nervous system (CNS) astrocytes have various functions in the central nervous system (CNS). Many neurodegenerative diseases are associated with astrocyte dysfunction.

    Authors: Seyed-Amirabbas Ahadiat and Zeinab Hosseinian
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:105
  39. In late 2019, coronavirus disease, an acute respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), was designated COVID-19 and declared a pandemic. The interim guidance for prevention is through vol...

    Authors: Vanamail Perumal
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:100
  40. Marburg virus disease (MVD) is a zoonotic viral hemorrhagic illness, caused by a negative sense, single-stranded RNA virus which has an envelope. The Marburg virus belongs to the genus Marburgvirus of the family

    Authors: Ibrahim Idris, Ridwan Olamilekan Adesola and Joanna Nicole D’Souza
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2023 47:96