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Medicine and Human Genetics

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  1. Early detection of delirium through systematic screening is essential to mitigate and prevent possible consequences. The 4 'A's Test (4AT) is a new tool that can be used for delirium detection easily and witho...

    Authors: Olga Muser, Kevin Seiler, Stefanie Bachnick, Beatrice Gehri, Franziska Zúñiga and Wolfgang Hasemann
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:179
  2. Bryonia alba extract is a well-known drug which is being utilized as phytomedicines and homoeopathic preparations since more than two centuries. This medicine is frequently used in clinical practice for flu-like ...

    Authors: Pritam Goswami, Debasmita Chatterjee, Sayak Ghosh, Krishnendu Paira and Satadal Das
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:169
  3. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a silent disease with increasing prevalence. High levels of serum uric acid (SUA) have been associated with cardiometabolic diseases, yet the possible association be...

    Authors: Mariana F. Leite, Ariele B. Haagsma, Paulo-André B. Machado-Júnior, Grasiele L. Martins, Márcia Olandoski and Cristina P. Baena
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:168
  4. Nutritional care in patients with a severe head injury is of utmost importance, as nutritional deficiency can affect the outcomes in these patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, and...

    Authors: Dharmesh Balsarkar, Hussain Shaikh, Sachin Suryawanshi, Munaafroz Shaikh, Ajay Alva and Ravi Warat
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:161
  5. Immunocompromised individuals are expected to be more prone to severe diseases and, subsequently, death. Genetic disorders and polymorphisms in genes involved in the immune system, such as human leukocyte anti...

    Authors: Narges Ansari, Mina Jahangiri, Kimia Shirbandi, Mina Ebrahimi and Fakher Rahim
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:158
  6. COVID-19 is a pandemic that ravaged the world in manners that were never seen in the recent past, and one of the measures to stem the tide of this ravaging pandemic is a stay-at-home order referred to as lockd...

    Authors: Patrick Ayi Ewah, Adetoyeje Y Oyeyemi, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Saturday N Oghumu, Peter Agba Awhen, Mary Ogaga and Lucy Inyang Edet
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:155
  7. Necrotizing fasciitis is an aggressive infection of the soft tissues and subcutaneous fascia. The involvement of the head and neck region is very rare but carries significant mortality. Negative pressure wound...

    Authors: Kasim S. Kasim Aljanabi, Talib almaqbali and Arfath Mustafa
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:154
  8. Recurrent malaria infection is a major phenomenon in a hightransmission zone with deplorable health and socioeconomic consequences on individuals and the public. However, the association between parasitaemia, ...

    Authors: Abdulkareem Olarewaju Babamale, Adam Olaitan Abdulkareem, Oyewole Jamiu Yinka, Kolawole Folasade, Babawale Oluwapelumi Olatundun, Onitayo Faith Ayodipo, Mohammad Mosleh Uddin and Uade Samuel Ugbomoiko
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:147
  9. The changing epidemiological profile of the COVID-19 pandemic and the uncertain clinical picture of patients characterise this ongoing and most challenging health event.

    Authors: Zayid K. Almayahi, A. V. Raveendran, Rashid Al Malki, Amira Safwat, Muradjan Al Baloshi, Amal Abbas, Ahmed S. Al Salami, Sami M. Al Mujaini, Khalid Al Dhuhli and Said Al Mandhari
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:139
  10. The tumor growth pattern in breast cancer appears to be variable and unpredictable. A minor increase in size in a pre-existing lesion, especially under 1 cm, corresponds to a more pronounced increase in volume.

    Authors: Seda Aladag Kurt and Varol Celik
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:136
  11. Hamartoma refers to the excessive focal growth of cells and tissues in organs, which is between malformation and benign tumor. Hamartomas are commonly seen in the lung, but rare in the retroperitoneum.

    Authors: Lesheng Huang, Tianzhu Liu, Se Peng, Hui Peng, Jun Chen, Jinghua Jiang, Wanchun Zhang, Huijia Tang and Hongyi Li
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:129
  12. High body mass index constitutes a risk for nephrolithiasis in the context of metabolic syndrome. The majority of these renal stones are either composed of Urate or Calcium Oxalate. We aimed to evaluate the ra...

    Authors: Nermine N. Mahfouz, Azza Abd El-Shaheed, Reham F. Fahmy, Sara F. Sallam, Salwa Refat El-Zayat, Hiba Sibaii, Mahitab I. EL-Kassaby and Hagar H. Mourad
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:125
  13. Acute myocardial infraction (AMI) is a leading cause of morbidity. As anti-diabetic drugs affect the cardiovascular risk of diabetic patients independent of their glucose lowering effect, this study was aimed ...

    Authors: Mostafa Mahmoud Ibrahim, Mohamed Mostafa Khedr, Manal Hamza Morsy, Noha Mohamed Badae and Soha Elatrebi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:123
  14. The use of medicinal plants in curing diseases is an ancient culture still in use in many parts of the world. Many plants have been proven to have precise ethno-pharmacological relevance. On the contrary, many...

    Authors: Arpita Bardoloi and Amar Deep Soren
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:119
  15. Successful response to treatment of HIV infection is largely determined by adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and manifests as an improvement in CD4 counts. Certain challenges to attaining high rates of...

    Authors: Kiran Rajput, Joanna Mary Roy, Suhas Chaudhari and Vishal Dnyaneshwar Sawant
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:118
  16. Injection for vaccinations is the most prevalent source of iatrogenic pain in infants. The facilitated rocking movement is a new technique which is to be evaluated to reduce vaccination-induced pain in newborn...

    Authors: Jayesh P. Yadav, Alka Agrawal and Vishal Dnyaneshwar Sawant
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:117
  17. Vasculitis and phlebitis with vascular occlusion within appendix specimen is rare. Several authors have reported COVID-19 related veno-occlusive disease in hepatic pathology, but lymphoid aggregation with phle...

    Authors: Abdus Salam Raju, Aditya Thomas Benjamin, Tristan Rutland, Luke Liu and Paul Lambrakis
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:114

    The Correction to this article has been published in Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:137

  18. Microscopic abnormalities are common findings on routine urinalysis performed for various clinical reasons. As a small proportion of these may indicate an underlying malignancy, a large number of patients with...

    Authors: Zulfadhly Murtadha Afiq Zainal Bahren
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:104
  19. Viral pneumonias are a major cause of childhood mortality. Proper management needs early and accurate diagnosis. This study objective is to investigate the viral etiologies of pneumonia in children.

    Authors: Amira S. El Refay, Manal A. Shehata, Lobna S. Sherif, Hala G. El Nady, Naglaa Kholoussi, Shams Kholoussi, Nevine R. El Baroudy, Mokhtar R. Gomma, Sara H. Mahmoud, Noura M. Abo Shama, Ola Bagato, Ahmed El Taweel, Ahmed kandeil and Mohamed A. Ali
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:103
  20. The hyperinflammatory state leading to an aberrant cytokine production, culminating in acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis and multi-organ dysfunction contribute much to the pathophysiologies of severe...

    Authors: Rahul Gupta
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:100
  21. Faecal incontinence is a common anorectal medical trouble among adult population. The aim was to compare the efficacy of biofeedback pelvic floor muscle training versus posterior tibial nerve electrical stimul...

    Authors: Mervat Sheta Elsawy and Emmanuel Kamal Aziz Saba
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:99
  22. The long-acting reversible contraceptive method is one way to overcome the high population growth rate. The long-term contraception method is more efficient to regulate pregnancy because it can be used for a l...

    Authors: Fitriana Putri Utami, Erni Gustina, Dedik Sulistiawan, Ratu Matahari and Bakti Permata Sari
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:89
  23. Ochronotic arthropathy affecting the hip and knee joints is one of the musculoskeletal manifestations of alkaptonuria which results from a tyrosine amino acid metabolism disorder. The condition has no definiti...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Khalifa, Mohamed M. A. Moustafa, Hatem Bakr and Ahmed M. Abdelaal
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:76
  24. Hormone production by the thyroid gland is a prime aspect of maintaining body homeostasis. In this study, the ability of single artificial intelligence (AI)-based models, namely multi-layer perceptron (MLP), s...

    Authors: Abdullahi Garba Usman, Umar Muhammad Ghali, Mohamed Alhosen Ali Degm, Salisu M. Muhammad, Evren Hincal, Abdulaziz Umar Kurya, Selin Işik, Qendresa Hoti and S. I. Abba
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:73
  25. Gastrointestinal tract can be compressed by many vascular structures in the abdomen; such compressions may be incidentally found or may result in compression symptoms like abdominal pain and vomiting.

    Authors: Mohammed Tag-Adeen, Abeer Awad Abdellatif, Ahmed Hosni Kamel and Mohamed Alboraie
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:68
  26. Litsea cubeba (Lour) Pers. (Lauraceae) fruit has traditionally been used in treatment of diabetes in Sikkim, India. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the antidiabetic activity of methanol extract...

    Authors: Waquar Ahmed Goldar, Sandipan Jana, Reshma Kumari, Sanjib Bhattacharya and Pallab Kanti Haldar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:67
  27. Endocrine disruptors originate from multiple sources making their health impacts enormously complex. This study systematically synthesizes the sources, exposure, and effects of personal care products on reprod...

    Authors: Moses Asori, Julius Odei, Daniel Katey, Truus Apoanaba Abuosi and Razak M. Gyasi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:61
  28. Lymphangioma is a multi-systemic disease mostly affecting the mesentery, omentum, mesocolon and retroperitoneum and rarely involving bone, with fewer than 30 cases reported so far. Lymphangioma usually has no ...

    Authors: Hongyi Li, Meng Zhang, Jingzhi Ye, Yanxia Chen and Mengqiang Xiao
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:58
  29. COVID-19 outbreak has engulfed different parts of the world, affecting more than 163 million people and causing more than 3 million deaths worldwide due to human transmission. Thus, it has become critical to i...

    Authors: Arpita Suri, Naveen Kumar Singh and Vanamail Perumal
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:54
  30. Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a severe mental disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Different studies indicated a complex polygenic control over SCZ. In the present study, we investigated the potenti...

    Authors: Ali Molaei, Mohadeseh Agahi, Mahtash Malekian, Bahareh Moradhasel, Ardalan Tajrezaee, Ava Lajevardi, Iman Salahshourifar, Niloufar Mahdavi Hezaveh, Gholamreza Javadi and Zahra Noormohammadi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:51
  31. To study variations in biochemical and nutritional profile among children with severe thinness receiving medical nutrition therapy.

    Authors: Varun Viswanathan, Bina Dias, Vishal D. Sawant, Prachi Karnik, Alka Jadhav, Madhubala Jadhav, Blossom Rodrigues and Lavina Fernandes
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:50
  32. Prostate schistosomiasis is a chronic inflammatory condition of the prostate. In an endemic environment, it may mimic the sinister condition of the prostate in its clinical presentation. Despite the high preva...

    Authors: Abdullahi Khalid, Abdullah Abdulwahab-Ahmed, Ismaila Arzika Mungadi, Kabiru Abdullahi, Ngwobia Peter Agwu and Abubakar Sadiq Muhammad
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:32
  33. Albizia coriaria Welw ex. Oliver (A. coriaria) is one of the treasured medicinal plants in Africa. In continuity of our study verifying the claim of using its leaves for managing bacterial diseases and oxidative ...

    Authors: Timothy Omara, Ambrose K. Kiprop and Viola J. Kosgei
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:30
  34. Bacterial resistance to commonly-used antibiotics has been on the increase especially in the clinical settings. This study focused on the detection of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) determinants ...

    Authors: Abimbola Olumide Adekanmbi, Sandra Usidamen, Olabisi Comfort Akinlabi, Adedolapo Victoria Olaposi and Anthony Abiodun Onilude
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:27
  35. A wound may define as an interruption within the continuity of the epithelial lining of the skin or mucosa that occurs as a result of physical or thermal damage. Wound healing is an intricate process that is h...

    Authors: Chetan M. Jain, Ravindra L. Bakal, Prashant J. Burange, Nitin I. Kochar, Jagdish V. Manwar, Rahul D. Jawarkar, Minal S. Jaiswal and Israa Lewaa
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:16
  36. Mucormycosis, a severe fungal infection, is an emerging public health concern during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to investigate the perception of mucormycosis among Bangladeshi healthcare workers.

    Authors: Humayun Kabir, Md. Kamrul Hasan, Mamunur Rahman, Shimpi Akter, Golam Ishraque Chowdhury, Mohammad Toyabur Rahaman Bhuya and Dipak Kumar Mitra
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:11
  37. The COVID-19 pandemic jeopardized the traditional academic learning calendars due to the closing of all educational institutions across the globe. To keep up with the flow of learning, most of the educational ...

    Authors: Humayun Kabir, Tajrin Tahrin Tonmon, Md. Kamrul Hasan, Lila Biswas, Md. Abul Hasnat Chowdhury, Muhammad Didarul Islam, Mamunur Rahman and Dipak Kumar Mitra
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:8
  38. This overview aimed to synthesize existing systematic reviews to produce a draft framework of evidence-informed health priority setting that supports countries in identifying appropriate steps and methods when...

    Authors: Audrey Tan, Sumanth Kumbagere Nagraj, Mona Nasser, Tarang Sharma and Tanja Kuchenmüller
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:6
  39. The incidence of antibacterial resistance and colon cancer is increasing in India. Antibacterial resistance and chemoresistance demand the need of developing herbal or natural chemotherapeutic agents. Our stud...

    Authors: Tamanna Sultana, Arup Kumar Mitra and Satadal Das
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:210
  40. The human external ear is unique in every individual in terms of shape, size and dimension making it suitable in forensic anthropology for sex estimation and personal identification purposes. The study aimed t...

    Authors: Samson Taiwo Fakorede, Khalid Olajide Adekoya, Taiwo Peter Fasakin, Joshua Odubambo Odufisan and Bola Oboh
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:205
  41. There are multiple strategies that have been suggested to attenuate delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Curcumin has been shown to reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress (OS) and inflammation. However, cur...

    Authors: Natthanichar Rattanaseth, Patteera Panyarapeepat, Janisa Andrea Muljadi, Kornkit Chaijenkij and Jatupon Kongtharvonskul
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:203
  42. There are multiple strategies that have been suggested to attenuate delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Caffeine has been shown to assist with blocking pain associated with DOMS. However, currently there is ...

    Authors: Janisa Andrea Muljadi, Patsorn Kaewphongsri, Kornkit Chaijenkij and Jatupon Kongtharvonskul
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:197

    The Correction to this article has been published in Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:202

  43. Cryptosporidium spp. is an intracellular zoonotic protozoan parasite that causes cryptosporidiosis, a diarrhoeal disease of humans and domestic animals. Transmission of Cryptosporidiosis to humans and other anima...

    Authors: Akinbode Ayekooto Olonisakin and Titus Adeniyi Olusi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:174