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  1. More people—in both developing and developed countries—now use, and are favourably disposed to, traditional medicine. Musa paradisiaca (plantain) is used extensively in traditional medicine across continents. In ...

    Authors: Kamoldeen Abiodun Ajijolakewu, Abiodun Saheed Ayoola, Tariq Oluwakunmi Agbabiaka, Folashade Rahmat Zakariyah, Nike Risikat Ahmed, Olusegun Julius Oyedele and Alhasan Sani

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:86

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. Papaya (Carica papaya Linn.) is well known for its nutritional as well as medicinal value. Different parts of the plant including leaves have been used as therapeutic remedies for various diseases. The objective ...

    Authors: Sally Abdel-Halim, Magda Ibrahim, Mona Abdel Mohsen, Lobna Abou-Setta, Amany Sleem and Mostafa El-Missiry

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:85

    Content type: Research

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  3. Nonetheless curcumin has potential health benefits, its low bioavailability limits the application of conventional turmeric extract with curcumin as major curcuminoid. This is a comparative study to assess the...

    Authors: Venkataramana Heggar Sudeep, Kuluvar Gouthamchandra, Siddappa Chandrappa, Puttaswamy Naveen, Budanuru Reethi, Karempudi Venkatakrishna and Kodimule Shyamprasad

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:84

    Content type: Research

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  4. Salinity is typical in seashore soils due to the interruption of seawater in the groundwater. Soil microbes of coastal regions play a vital role in increasing plant yields. Microbe-plant associated growth and ...

    Authors: Gajendra Joshi, Vikash Kumar and Sunil Kumar Brahmachari

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:83

    Content type: Research

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  5. Kitchen food wastes (KFW) are food lost from human especially from hotels, hospitals, cafeterias and home, could be alternative feed resources and create the attention of researchers to process these wastes an...

    Authors: Farouk Imam Saad Helal, Alaa Eldin Yehia El Badawi, Mohamed Mohamed Basyony, Eman El Sabaawy and Soad El Naggar

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:82

    Content type: Research

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  6. The release of triphenylmethane dyes, like malachite green (MG) and crystal violet (CV), into the environment is a cause of concern due to its toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity.

    Authors: Vasudhaudupa Alaya, Rajesh Kumar Kodi, Earanna Ninganna, Balakrishna Gowda and M. B. Shivanna

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:81

    Content type: Research

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  7. Conservation of the ecosystem is a prime concern of human communities. Industrial development should adopt this concern. Unfortunately, various related activities release lots of noxious materials concurrently...

    Authors: Samar A. El-Mekkawi, Rehab A. Abdelghaffar, Fatma Abdelghaffar and S. A. Abo El-Enin

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:80

    Content type: Research

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  8. The ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 viruses takes its sole origin from the Wuhan Huanan seafood market, China. The first case was recorded as viral pneumonia and later became a worldwide pandemic (officially decl...

    Authors: Ramakrishnan Veerabathiran, Barath Ragunath, Vaishak Kaviarasan, Vajagathali Mohammed and Shiek S. S. J. Ahmed

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:79

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  9. Human breast cancer is the most prevalent malignancy in women all-over the world. The aim is to look further into the effectiveness of the nanoformulation of tamoxifen and even certain bioactive compounds (yea...

    Authors: Afaf Ezzat, Abdou Osman Abdelhamid, Mostafa K. El Awady, Reham M. Dawood and Dina Mostafa Mohammed

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:78

    Content type: Research

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  10. Weed occurrence and fertilization are considered two of the most factors influencing fennel yield. A two season’s field study was undertaken to investigate the response of fennel crop to two different herbicid...

    Authors: Ibrahim Abdallah, Alia Amer and Dalia El-Hefny

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:77

    Content type: Research

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  11. As in many countries worldwide, due to the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown, higher institutions in Nigeria closed in March 2020 and only began reopening in October of the same year. As a result of the lockdown, som...

    Authors: Osamudiamen Ebohon, Anayochukwu Chukwunonso Obienu, Francis Irabor, Frank Iwebuke Amadin and Ehimwenma Sheena Omoregie

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:76

    Content type: Research

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  12. Malaria is one of the tropical diseases of universal concern particularly with continuous appearance of resistant strains of P.falciparum. This calls for continous screening of traditional plants such that new an...

    Authors: Uchechi E. Enenebeaku, Nnamdi C. Ukwandu, Ifeyinwa C. Mgbemena, Harriet C. Nwigwe, Conrad K. Enenebeaku, Chidi E. Duru and Odangowei I. Ogidi

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:75

    Content type: Research

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  13. The study aimed at evaluating the in-vivo nutritional qualities of extruded breakfast meal produced from flour blends of malted finger millet and watermelon seed.

    Authors: Joseph Oghenewogaga Owheruo, Timilehin David Oluwajuyitan, Beatrice Olawunmi Ifesan and Matthew Kolawole Bolade

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:73

    Content type: Research

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  14. Authorship trends in medical journals were studied in many disciplines, mostly in western countries' journals. We aimed at studying the authorship trends in the Egyptian Orthopaedic Journal as an example of a ...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Khalifa, Ahmed S. El-Hawary and Ahmed E. Sadek

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:72

    Content type: Research

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  15. Heavy metal accumulation in the ecosystem constitutes a potential toxic effect which is hazardous to human health. Increasing environmental pollution has necessitated the use of cattle egrets to evaluate the l...

    Authors: Elijah Abakpa Adegbe, Oluwaseyi Oluwabukola Babajide, Lois Riyo Maina and Shola Elijah Adeniji

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:71

    Content type: Research

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  16. Rice forms a significant portion of food consumed in most household worldwide. Rice production has been hampered by soil factors such as ferruginousity which has limited phosphorus availability; an important m...

    Authors: Musa Saheed Ibrahim and Beckley Ikhajiagbe

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:70

    Content type: Research

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  17. Using remineralizing agents during and after bleaching procedures could maintain enamel surface, decreasing its erosive susceptibility. This study evaluated the efficacy of an in-office and at-home bleaching m...

    Authors: Shaymaa M. Nagi, Shahinaz H. Nabil and Mohamed H. Zaazou

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:68

    Content type: Research

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  18. A series of known Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved anticancer drugs were collected from the literature and docked against mTOR receptor which has been identified in present time as a target for ther...

    Authors: David Ebuka Arthur, Jibrin Noah Akoji, Riadh Sahnoun, Greatman C. Okafor, Karimatu Lami Abdullahi, Samira A. Abdullahi and Charles Mgbemena

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:67

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Probiotics are direct-fed microbial feed supplements which can modulate the gut microflora by competing intestinal pathogens through a competitive process. The present study was conducted to investigate the ef...

    Authors: Farouk Helal, Alaa El-Badawi, Soad El-Naggar, Mohamed Shourrap, Osama Aboelazab and Salma Abu Hafsa

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:66

    Content type: Research

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  20. Much interest has not been placed on the role of chromosomal abnormalities in the pathogenesis and rising prevalence of infertility in recent times. This review was conducted to renew public interest on the ch...

    Authors: Tajudeen O. Yahaya, Esther O. Oladele, Daniel Anyebe, Chidiebere Obi, M. D. A. Bunza, Ridwan Sulaiman and Usman U. Liman

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:65

    Content type: Review

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  21. Primary chronic osteomyelitis is a rare occurrence in the pediatric mandible though it exclusively affects the mandible with no age preference. The absence of pus, fistula and sequestration are characteristic ...

    Authors: T. Kavya Priya, Amith Hadhimane, Kirthi Kumar Rai, H. R. Shiva Kumar, Amarnath P. Upasi and Vinayak Gourish Naik

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:64

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  22. Twenty-four West African Dwarf (WAD) goats with average weight of 6.57 ± 0.56 kg were used in investigating the effect of microbial-treated maize cob and husk diets on blood profile. The goats were assigned to...

    Authors: Gladys Abiemwense Ibhaze, Gbenga Enobong Ogunjemite and Adebowale Noah Fajemisin

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:63

    Content type: Research

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  23. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a common staple food in Nigeria. However, cultivation is impaired by heavy metal contamination, particularly iron (Fe). This study aimed to investigate the impacts of biosynthesized nano...

    Authors: B. Ikhajiagbe, F. A. Igiebor and M. C. Ogwu

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:62

    Content type: Research

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  24. Hardsetting soils are considered problem soils due to its behavior of becoming hard and unbearable to cultivate not until rewetted. Few investigations were conducted in this kind of problem soil; hence, inform...

    Authors: Ronley C. Canatoy and Nonilona P. Daquiado

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:61

    Content type: Research

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  25. This studies the influence of algae and coated urea fertilization on the productivity of some leguminous crops in order to reach the best methods of fertilization to get on highest productivity in sandy soils.

    Authors: Reda Essa, Ahmed Afifi and Soad Ashry

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:60

    Content type: Research

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  26. Nutrition and good health are two dependent parallel axes; female’s health at different ages in general and at the time of menopause in particular has received a lot of attention last several years. The object...

    Authors: Suzanne Fouad, Salwa Mostafa El Shebini, Nihad Hassan Ahmed, Ahmed Mohamed Saied Hussein, Hend Abbas Essa, Maha Abdel-Moaty and Salwa Tawfic Tapozada

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:59

    Content type: Research

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  27. Carotenoids are natural pigments that are highly sensitive to light, heat, acids, oxygen, metals, and free radicals, which degrade the antioxidant activities of carotenoids. Microencapsulation techniques have ...

    Authors: Marco Antonio González-Peña, José Daniel Lozada-Ramírez and Ana Eugenia Ortega-Regules

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:58

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. The growing number of cases, severity and fatality of the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with the fact that no cure has been found has made infected individuals especially in Africa, to resort to the consumption o...

    Authors: Chidi Edbert Duru, Ijeoma Akunna Duru and Abayomi Emmanuel Adegboyega

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:57

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Oral lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory and immune-mediated disease that affects the oral mucosa. Recent findings have suggested that oral lichen planus is often associated with submucosal fibrotic change...

    Authors: Atsushi Shudo

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:56

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  30. The development of powerful and flexible management addresses is due to the improvement of deeply reliable gadgets and the advancement of the concept of cellular. The cellular principle was a major way of solv...

    Authors: Yahia A. Zakaria, Ehab K. I. Hamad, A. S. Abd Elhamid and K. M. El-Khatib

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:54

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. To evaluate the antibacterial effect of diode laser and photodynamic therapy using methylene blue dye when used alone or in combination with Moringa oleifera extract on root canal microbes. A total of 50 single r...

    Authors: Doaa M. Sadony, Maram E. Khallaf and Jackline Samir Kamal

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:53

    Content type: Research

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  32. Botanical pesticides may be a possible solution to the post-harvest loss of stored grains faced by farmers and food processors. In this study, seed preservatives properties of Secamone afzelii leaves extracts at...

    Authors: J. M. Adesina and A. T. B. Aderibigbe

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Wheat is the most consumed cereal crops in the world infected by several pathogens and pests causing significant losses. The most threatening pathogens are fungi which cause serious diseases on roots, leaves a...

    Authors: Mohammed Hamza Abass, Qusai Hattab Madhi and Abdulnabi Abdul Ameer Matrood

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:51

    Content type: Research

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  34. Managing menstrual hygiene in the least developed countries represents a significant obstacle for women and girls. Commonly dirty stuffs are used to control the menstrual cycle which causes many diseases, whil...

    Authors: Md. Moynul Hassan Shibly, Mohammad Anower Hossain, M. Forhad Hossain, Md Golam Nur and Mohammad Billal Hossain

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:50

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. The Himalaya hotspot, habitat to numerous indigenous species, harbours an endemic and endangered, cucurbit climber Herpetospermum darjeelingense (C.B.Clarke) H.Schaef. & S.S.Renner [Edgaria darjeelingensis C.B.Cl...

    Authors: Sourav Chakraborty, Soumya Majumder, Arindam Ghosh, Sumedha Saha and Malay Bhattacharya

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:48

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. This study was conducted to generate baseline information on population dynamics of Fall Army Worm (FAW) in cassava-maize intercrop for management technique. Maize (Zea mays) is Africa’s most staple food crop wit...

    Authors: J. A. C. Nwanze, R. B. Bob-Manuel, U. Zakka and E. B. Kingsley-Umana

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:44

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Cotton breeding programs mainly focus on improving cotton fibers, but less attention has been paid by breeders to cottonseed oil improvement. Breeding cottonseed for oil content has mainly depended on phenotyp...

    Authors: Sara E. I. Eldessouky, A. B. A. El-Fesheikawy and K. M. A. Baker

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Comparing shaping ability of Azure and Fanta AF One in rotation and reciprocation. This study was conducted on 40 resin blocks, having canal curvatures 30°-angle and of 16-mm length. The blocks were assigned t...

    Authors: Engy M. Kataia, Mohamed Mokhtar Nagy, Mohamed M. Kataia and Hala Fayek Khalil

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. The antimicrobial activity against clinically and agriculturally important microorganisms, antioxidant property and chemical profiling of acetone crude extracts of non-edible oil-seed cakes of neem (Azadirachta i...

    Authors: A. VasudhaUdupa, Balakrishna Gowda, B. E. Kumarswammy and M. B. Shivanna

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. The aim of this study is a comparison between some different protein sources in sheep rations to identify the best protein source that achieves the highest production performance and the lowest economical feed...

    Authors: Yasser A. A. El-Nomeary, Hashem H. H. Abd El-Rahman, Mohsen M. Shoukry, Abdelmegid A. Abedo, Fatma M. Salman and Mamdouh I. Mohamed

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:40

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) is showing a wide global spread, and urgent joint international efforts is required to the control of this pandemic, the awareness of people towards infectious viruses stil...

    Authors: Manal A. Shehata, Ahmed Adel, Ayman F. Armaneous, Mohamed M. EL-Sonbaty, Mohamed Abdel Atti, Hazem Mohamed El-Hariri and Iman H. Kamel

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Liposomes have the ability to enclose hydrophilic or lipophilic materials. Bioactive macromolecules become more stable when they are entrapped within liposomes resisting environmental changes, allowing mainten...

    Authors: Maha G. Haggag, Medhat W. Shafaa, Hossam S. Kareem, Amir M. El-Gamil and Hoda H. El-Hendawy

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Several chemical bactericides were applied for controlling soft rot bacteria, Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum, which causes the destructive soft rot disease to many economically important vegetables...

    Authors: Hassan Abd-El-Khair, Tarek G. Abdel-Gaied, Maurice S. Mikhail, Ahmed I. Abdel-Alim and Hamdy I. Seif El-Nasr

    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2021 45:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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