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  1. Bacteremia constitutes a significant public health challenge and represents a vital cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients, and fluoroquinolones are commonly prescribed antibiotics due to th...

    Authors: Olajide Joseph Akinjogunla, Adebowale Toba Odeyemi, Mfonobong Favour Alozie, Igbagbo Ehinmore, Unyime Effiong Ukpong, Jumbo Ediomo and Etieno Kingsley Akpanson
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:135
  2. In the present study, the medicinal plants were exclusively selected based on their significant anti-HIV and anticancer activities. The green synthesis of gold nanoparticles was carried out using the 15 medici...

    Authors: M. R. Kamala Priya and Priya R. Iyer
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:134
  3. Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro is a popular edible wild fern found in the subtropical Himalayas. It is widely used in folk medicine to treat several ailments and known for its antioxidant, anti-inflammator...

    Authors: Shivali Singla, Rupali Rana, Surendar Kumar, Reena Thakur and Sachin Goyal
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:133
  4. Helminthiasis, usually a chronic problem in poultry, is the major cause of economic losses in the poultry industry. This study was undertaken with the aim of evaluating the in vitro and in vivo anthelmintic ef...

    Authors: Khadijat Abidemi Gasaliyu, Oseka Joseph Ajanusi, Mohammed Musa Suleiman, Sani Dahiru, Kuburat Hadiza Yusuf, Stephen Kyari, Matthew Ogwiji and Ochuko Orakpoghenor
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:131
  5. The awareness in the consumption of plant-based food has gained attention in the recent years. Phytochemicals are thought to play a critical role in health promotion and in the prevention and management of chr...

    Authors: Anandakumar Pandi, Vanitha Manickam Kalappan and Naveenkumar Chandrashekar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:130
  6. Hamartoma refers to the excessive focal growth of cells and tissues in organs, which is between malformation and benign tumor. Hamartomas are commonly seen in the lung, but rare in the retroperitoneum.

    Authors: Lesheng Huang, Tianzhu Liu, Se Peng, Hui Peng, Jun Chen, Jinghua Jiang, Wanchun Zhang, Huijia Tang and Hongyi Li
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:129
  7. In the global world that is technologically driven, efficiency and productivity of businesses that have decided to embrace technology are achieved by e-commerce logistics (ECL). E-commerce logistics has receiv...

    Authors: Adetayo Olaniyi Adeniran, Feyisola Olajire Akinsehinwa and Samuel Oluwaseyi Olorunfemi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:128
  8. Solanum khasianum is an important medicinal herb of the Solanaceae family. The present study was focused to determine the bioactive compounds in S. khasianum leaf and root extract by GC–MS analysis and their anti...

    Authors: Pavani Chirumamilla, Sunitha Bai Dharavath and Shasthree Taduri
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:127
  9. Agro-industrial by-products are gaining immense significance in animal feeding as a plausible solution to curtail ever-increasing prices of traditional feedstuffs, which may in turn stave off the skewed profit...

    Authors: Padam Veer Singh, M. K. Ghosh, M. S. Mahesh and A. Chatterjee
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:126
  10. High body mass index constitutes a risk for nephrolithiasis in the context of metabolic syndrome. The majority of these renal stones are either composed of Urate or Calcium Oxalate. We aimed to evaluate the ra...

    Authors: Nermine N. Mahfouz, Azza Abd El-Shaheed, Reham F. Fahmy, Sara F. Sallam, Salwa Refat El-Zayat, Hiba Sibaii, Mahitab I. EL-Kassaby and Hagar H. Mourad
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:125
  11. Acute myocardial infraction (AMI) is a leading cause of morbidity. As anti-diabetic drugs affect the cardiovascular risk of diabetic patients independent of their glucose lowering effect, this study was aimed ...

    Authors: Mostafa Mahmoud Ibrahim, Mohamed Mostafa Khedr, Manal Hamza Morsy, Noha Mohamed Badae and Soha Elatrebi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:123
  12. Hay fever (allergic rhinitis) is a common condition that causes unpleasant respiratory symptoms. The objective of this cross-sectional study is to examine the trends of hay fever self-reported diagnosis among ...

    Authors: Jenna Zamil, Anjana Mohan, Zahra Majd and Hua Chen
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:122
  13. Preheating is one of several innovative approaches and improvements developed to increase the durability and clinical behavior of resin composites. Development of preheated composites is to reduce its viscosit...

    Authors: AlShimaa Nasser, Nermin A. Mahmoud and Mona I. Riad
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:121
  14. The use of medicinal plants in curing diseases is an ancient culture still in use in many parts of the world. Many plants have been proven to have precise ethno-pharmacological relevance. On the contrary, many...

    Authors: Arpita Bardoloi and Amar Deep Soren
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:119
  15. Successful response to treatment of HIV infection is largely determined by adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and manifests as an improvement in CD4 counts. Certain challenges to attaining high rates of...

    Authors: Kiran Rajput, Joanna Mary Roy, Suhas Chaudhari and Vishal Dnyaneshwar Sawant
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:118
  16. Injection for vaccinations is the most prevalent source of iatrogenic pain in infants. The facilitated rocking movement is a new technique which is to be evaluated to reduce vaccination-induced pain in newborn...

    Authors: Jayesh P. Yadav, Alka Agrawal and Vishal Dnyaneshwar Sawant
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:117
  17. To evaluate the effect of modifying conventional glass ionomer (CGIC) and resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGIC) with nano-hydroxyapatite (Nano-HA) on their clinical performance as restorations for class V cavit...

    Authors: Zeinab M. Zaki, Shaymaa M. Nagi, Ali E. Abdelnabi, Adli A. Hanna, Dina W. Elkassas, Mohamed H. Zaazou and Maha A. Niazy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:116
  18. A common complication of any respiratory disease by a virus could be a secondary bacterial infection, which is known to cause an increase in severity. It is, however, not clear whether the presence of some opp...

    Authors: Olabisi Flora Davies-Bolorunduro, Muinah Adenike Fowora, Olufemi Samuel Amoo, Esther Adeniji, Kazeem Adewale Osuolale, Oluwatobi Oladele, Tochukwu Ifeanyi Onuigbo, Josephine Chioma Obi, Joy Oraegbu, Oluwatobi Ogundepo, Rahaman Ademolu Ahmed, Olagoke AbdulRazaq Usman, Bosede Ganiyat Iyapo, Adedamola Adejuwon Dada, Ngozi Onyia, Richard Adebayo Adegbola…
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:115
  19. Vasculitis and phlebitis with vascular occlusion within appendix specimen is rare. Several authors have reported COVID-19 related veno-occlusive disease in hepatic pathology, but lymphoid aggregation with phle...

    Authors: Abdus Salam Raju, Aditya Thomas Benjamin, Tristan Rutland, Luke Liu and Paul Lambrakis
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:114

    The Correction to this article has been published in Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:137

  20. Eragrostis tremula Hochst. ex Steud. (Poaceae) is used in ethno-medicine as a memory enhancer. Studies have shown that the whole plant possesses memory enhancing potentials and could be beneficial in the manageme...

    Authors: Abdullahi Balarabe Nazifi, Abdulhakim Abubakar, Mohammed Garba Magaji, Musa Aliyu and Nuhu Mohammed Danjuma
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:113
  21. Every year millions of Muslims travel to Saudi Arabia to perform the fifth pillar of Islam, the Hajj pilgrimage Aligned with the Kingdom's 2030 vision, the Ministry of Health works to provide advanced free med...

    Authors: Alhanouf Aljohani, Shatha Nejaim, Mashael Khayyat and Omar Aboulola
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:112

    The Correction to this article has been published in Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:144

  22. Mouth breathing is considered as a mode of breathing modality that presents as a replacement to normal nasal breathing. This persistent pattern of mouth breathing have considerable influence on the development...

    Authors: Lakshmi Thribhuvanan and M. S. Saravanakumar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:111
  23. A perusal of the literature suggested that Manilkara zapota (L.) P. Royen stem bark (MZSB) is enriched with several bioactive phytoconstituents but had not been yet screened for its in vitro and in vivo antidiabe...

    Authors: Pravin P. Karle, Shashikant C. Dhawale, Rajesh J. Mandade and Vijay V. Navghare
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:110
  24. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a contagious disease that damages the liver over time, eventually leading to cirrhosis and death. Chronic HCV infection is regarded as a serious health problem worldwide, impacting u...

    Authors: Stephen Ejeh, Adamu Uzairu, Gideon A. Shallangwa, Stephen E. Abechi and Muhammad Tukur Ibrahim
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:109
  25. The cowpea bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus is the major postharvest insect pest of cowpea seeds in storage. This had led to huge losses and quality deterioration of stored cowpea seeds that serve as poor man’s ...

    Authors: Michael Olufemi Ashamo, Kayode David Ileke and Ayomiposi Idowu Onasile
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:108
  26. Belize is rich in rainforest and vast medicinal plants that have the potential for drug discoveries. Few studies have examined the use of medicinal plants in the management of chronic diseases in Belize. The p...

    Authors: David D. Mphuthi and Danladi Chiroma Husaini
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:107
  27. Amphibian parasites have been used as models for understanding important issues about host activity and sensitivity to environmental perturbations and amphibian decline. With the aim of comparing the parasitic...

    Authors: Okechukwu Martin Okeagu, Bamidele Akinsanya and Tolulope Uzoka
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:105
  28. Microscopic abnormalities are common findings on routine urinalysis performed for various clinical reasons. As a small proportion of these may indicate an underlying malignancy, a large number of patients with...

    Authors: Zulfadhly Murtadha Afiq Zainal Bahren
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:104
  29. Viral pneumonias are a major cause of childhood mortality. Proper management needs early and accurate diagnosis. This study objective is to investigate the viral etiologies of pneumonia in children.

    Authors: Amira S. El Refay, Manal A. Shehata, Lobna S. Sherif, Hala G. El Nady, Naglaa Kholoussi, Shams Kholoussi, Nevine R. El Baroudy, Mokhtar R. Gomma, Sara H. Mahmoud, Noura M. Abo Shama, Ola Bagato, Ahmed El Taweel, Ahmed kandeil and Mohamed A. Ali
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:103
  30. The search for ideal drugs with absolute antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 is still in place, and attention has been recently drawn to natural products. Several molecular targets have been identified as po...

    Authors: Precious Ayorinde Akinnusi, Samuel Olawale Olubode and Wasiu Adeboye Salaudeen
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:102
  31. Cancer is a significant public health problem worldwide and constitutes the second leading cause of death after cardiovascular disease. This study was thus designed to identify new natural compounds from Malag...

    Authors: Jean-Paul Koto-Te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Jason T. Kilembe, Aristote Matondo, Colette Masengo Ashande, Janvier Mukiza, Célestin Mudogo Nzanzu, Fatiany Pierre Ruphin, Robijaona Baholy, Pius T. Mpiana and Virima Mudogo
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:101
  32. The hyperinflammatory state leading to an aberrant cytokine production, culminating in acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis and multi-organ dysfunction contribute much to the pathophysiologies of severe...

    Authors: Rahul Gupta
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:100
  33. Faecal incontinence is a common anorectal medical trouble among adult population. The aim was to compare the efficacy of biofeedback pelvic floor muscle training versus posterior tibial nerve electrical stimul...

    Authors: Mervat Sheta Elsawy and Emmanuel Kamal Aziz Saba
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:99
  34. Osteoradionecrosis of the jaw (ORNJ) is a well-known chronic side effect of radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck malignancies. Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), similar pathology to ORNJ, may be induced by bispho...

    Authors: Atsushi Shudo
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:98
  35. The world has been suffering from the COVID-19 pandemic (officially declared by WHO in March 2020), caused by the severe acute respiratory β-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) since the last week of December 2019. The...

    Authors: Rashed Noor, Saadia Shareen and Muntasir Billah
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:96
  36. This study was carried out to investigate the antifungal activity of chitinase produced by Streptomyces species isolated from grassland soils against selected pathogenic fungi, namely: Magnaporthe oryzae, Fusariu...

    Authors: Fatuyi Olanipekun Ekundayo, Abisola Eniola Folorunsho, Tope Abraham Ibisanmi and Olayinka Bukola Olabanji
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:95
  37. Crude ethanolic extracts of leaves and stem of Physalis minima (Solanaceae) were evaluated for in vitro anthelmintic activity on the Bangladeshi mature parasitic flatworm Paramphistomum cervi (Trematoda) in cattl...

    Authors: Fazle Rabbi Shakil Ahmed, Afroza Sultana, Mst. Jesmin Sultana and Antara Saha
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:94
  38. Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by a group of protozoan of the genus Leishmania and transmitted to humans majorly through the bite of the female sand fly. It is prevalent in the tropical regi...

    Authors: Fabian Audu Ugbe, Gideon Adamu Shallangwa, Adamu Uzairu and Ibrahim Abdulkadir
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:92
  39. The safe disposal of green waste is necessary for a clean environment, with the safe disposal of waste contaminated with aflatoxins being of particular importance. This work presents a novel route for utilizin...

    Authors: Samar A. El-Mekkawi, Ahmed Salem Sebaei and Shereen Kamel Amin
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:91
  40. Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) is often accompanied by anxiety. Dental anxiety is common in society and negatively affects the application of patients to the dentist.

    Authors: Manolya Ilhanli, Mehmet Alptekin Karacesme, Ilker Ilhanli and Peruze Celenk
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:90
  41. The long-acting reversible contraceptive method is one way to overcome the high population growth rate. The long-term contraception method is more efficient to regulate pregnancy because it can be used for a l...

    Authors: Fitriana Putri Utami, Erni Gustina, Dedik Sulistiawan, Ratu Matahari and Bakti Permata Sari
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:89
  42. Grey mould caused by Botrytis cinerea of cucumber immature fruits is the most epidemic fungal diseases causing significantly losses of fruits during development on cucumber plant in winter season.

    Authors: El-Sayed H. E. Ziedan, Moataza M. Saad, Ahmed A. El-Kafrawy, Ahmed F. Sahab and Abdel-Tawab H. Mossa
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:88
  43. Odonata (dragonfly and damselfly) are particularly good indicators of freshwater ecosystem health. The constant disturbance of freshwater habitats can result in the reduction of Odonata species diversity. Chan...

    Authors: Babasola Adu, Omolola Dada and Victor Tunwase
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:86
  44. Wild cocoyam (Caladium bicolar) is non-edible starchy material which is commonly known as ‘Ede umuagbara’ in the south-east region of Nigeria. Evaluating the potential of wild cocoyam for citric acid production w...

    Authors: Ifeanyi Boniface Ezeaa and Emmanuel Ezaka
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:84

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