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  1. The present study was focused to study the efficiency of two indigenous litter dwelling ligninolytic fungi (such as Mucor circinelloides GL1 and Fusarium verticillioides GL5) in degrading the agricultural wastes ...

    Authors: P. A. Geethanjali, H. G. Gowtham and M. Jayashankar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:173
  2. Foodborne illness is a public health alarm with a deleterious effect on human health and the economy all over the world. Searching for possible solutions to beat foodborne pathogens is still a demanding concer...

    Authors: Dina H. Amin and Assem Abolmaaty
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:172
  3. Growing interest of strawberry cultivation in Egypt necessitates more efforts towards its severe phomopsis leaf blight disease caused by Phomopsis obscurans. Synthetic fungicides could control this fungus but due...

    Authors: Farid Abd-El-Kareem, Ibrahim E. Elshahawy and Mahfouz M. M. Abd-Elgawad
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:171
  4. The field of laser-based photochemical reactions receives a great promising for additional applications especially for targeting cells, pathogens, or molecules. Limited studies have investigated the impact of ...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Abo El-Dahab, Mostafa Gheith, Nadia Lashin Soliman and Riham Mohamed Aly
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:170
  5. Microalgae cells can be identified as a potential source for new and renewable energy. The economic investigation for biodiesel and bio-active compound production from the microalgae community (Bloom), which are ...

    Authors: Sayeda M. Abdo, Guzine I. El Diwani, Kamel M. El-Khatib, Sanaa A. Abo El-Enin, Mohammed I. El-Galad, Haidy S. Basily and Gamila H. Ali
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:169
  6. α-Galactosidase is widely used in various biotechnological applications such as food processing, beet sugar, the pulp and paper industries, synthesis of oligosaccharides by trans-galactosylation, hydraulic fra...

    Authors: Naganagouda Kote, A. C. Manjula, T. Vishwanatha and Aravind Gouda G. Patil
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:168
  7. Exogenous hormone applications modify the plant growth and development by inducing changes in their endogenous contents. However, it is not clear whether the effects of exogenous hormones on growth are direct ...

    Authors: Ragab A. El-Mergawi and Mohamed S. A. Abd El-Wahed
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:167
  8. Plum fruit has a short shelf life with a rapid deterioration in quality after harvest. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of preharvest treatments by moringa leaf extract (MLE), boric acid (...

    Authors: Thanaa Shaban Mohamed Mahmoud, Fatma Korany Mohamed Shaaban and Gehan Abd El-Malek El-Hadidy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:166
  9. The genus Albizia (Leguminoseae) is used in folk medicine for the treatment of a wide range of ailments. Recently, saponins from plant origin have attracted much attention. Saponins are recorded to have a broad r...

    Authors: Marian Nabil, Entesar E. Hassan, Neven S. Ghaly, Fawzia A. Aly, Farouk R. Melek, Zeinab M. Hassan, Maha A. Fahmy and Ayman A. Farghaly
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:165
  10. The purpose of the current study was to inspect and compare the influence of applying continuous rotation and reciprocation motions on the cyclic fatigue resistance of Protaper Next (PTN) file (X2) and WaveOne...

    Authors: Amira Galal Ismail, Manar Galal and Nehal Nabil Roshdy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:164
  11. The study was conducted to compare parasitic loads of Clarias gariepinus from cultured and natural habitats. A total number of 80 live adults (200–799 g) C. gariepinus comprising of 20 each were randomly obtained...

    Authors: Olajide Joseph Afolabi, Fayokemi Christianah Olususi and Olusola Olasumbo Odeyemi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:163
  12. The K1, K2, and K28 toxins are usually encoded by several cytoplasmically genetic satellite dsRNAs (M1, M2, and M28), which are encapsulated with virus-like particles (VLPs) and reliant on an additional assemb...

    Authors: Najwa Mohammed Jameel Ali Abu-Mejdad, Adnan I. Al-Badran, Abdullah H. Al-Saadoon and Mohammed Hussein Minati
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:162
  13. Abiotic stresses like low temperatures are contributory factors to the variations observed among species during plant germination, growth, and development. The present study evaluated the morphological and gen...

    Authors: Beckley Ikhajiagbe, Vona D. Odenore, Josiah E. Ifie, Esther O. Umeokeke, Pieter-Jan Loveniers and Peace I. Enaruna
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:160
  14. Selection indices help the plant breeders to discriminate desirable genotypes on the basis of phenotypic performance. Therefore, the present study was conducted to evaluate thirty sugarcane genotypes (clones) ...

    Authors: Farrag F. B. Abu-Ellail, Eman M. A. Hussein and A. El-Bakry
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:161
  15. Water resources are very important to agricultural crop production due to increasing demand for food, feed, and fiber. There is a growing requirement for more use of our natural resources of land, soil, and wa...

    Authors: Rashid Iqbal, Muhammad Aown Sammar Raza, Monika Toleikiene, Muhammad Ayaz, Fatemeh Hashemi, Muhammad Habib-ur-Rahman, Muhammad Saqlain Zaheer, Salman Ahmad, Umair Riaz, Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Usman Aslam and Imran Haider
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:159
  16. Two field experiments were carried out at the Agricultural Production and Research Station, National Research Centre (NRC), El-Nubaria Province, Behaira Governorate, Egypt, during two successive winter seasons...

    Authors: Mona G. Dawood, Mervat Sh. Sadak, Bakry A. Bakry and Howida H. Kheder
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:158
  17. The production of novel foods from underutilized nutritious tropical crops is increasing; however, the toxicological studies are sparse. In this study, the safety of the breakfast food produced from the blend ...

    Authors: Grace O. Babarinde, Akos A. Ebun and Peter I. Adegbola
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:157
  18. The study evaluated the prevalence of malaria and Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance transporter gene (PfCRT) in HIV patients attending Specialist Hospital, Akure. This study was carried out between Apr...

    Authors: Iyabo Adepeju Simon-Oke, Adeola Olanireti Ade-Alao and Foluso Ologundudu
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:156
  19. The cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.), is a serious economic pest in Egypt. Pest control depends mainly on chemical control with several pesticides include conventional and modern insecticides. Comp...

    Authors: El-Sayed Mokbel and Amal Huesien
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:155
  20. The importance of Chrysoperla carnea (Steph.) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) as a predator is due to nourishing this predator on some dangerous pests as the cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley, belongs to ...

    Authors: Abd-Allah E. Ghada and Youssef M. Naglaa
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:154
  21. The use of herbs for malaria treatment is common among pregnant women in Nigeria. This study through a survey documented three most commonly used herbs in the management of pregnancy-associated malaria in Abeo...

    Authors: Ayodele S. Babalola, Olufunmilayo A. Idowu, Kehinde O. Ademolu, J. Olukunle and Samson A. Rahman
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:153
  22. Entomophagy, the consumption of insects, is a common practice among various tribal communities across the globe. Various factors such as flavour, nutrient content, availability and claimed medicinal values hav...

    Authors: Kushal Choudhury, Dipamani Sarma, Pforeni Jane Sapruna and Amar Deep Soren
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:152
  23. The dissolution process kinetics and optimization of iron from Akwuke ore were investigated in this study. The effects of process parameters such as agitation rate and ore particle size on the dissolution proc...

    Authors: Kingsley Amechi Ani and Chidubem Chukwuebuka Chukelu
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:151
  24. Peach fruits are highly perishable leading to many pre- and post-harvest problems, which adds to the reduction in the potential yield and productivity. Chitosan is a natural polysaccharide, produced after alka...

    Authors: Muhammad Sajid, Abdul Basit, Zafar Ullah, Syed Tanveer Shah, Izhar Ullah, Heba I. Mohamed and Inayat Ullah
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:150
  25. The study examined the effects of Myristica fragrans seed meal (MSM) and Syzygium aromaticum leaf meal (SLM) dietary supplementation on the growth performance, health status, and meat quality of broiler chicken.

    Authors: Olufemi Adesanya Adu, Francis Ayodeji Gbore, Olugbenga David Oloruntola, Andrew Bamidele Falowo and Olumuyiwa Joseph Olarotimi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:149
  26. This study was conducted to estimate the antifungal activity and efficiency of purified killer toxins (TK and WK) produced by Torulaspora delbrueckii and Wickerhamomyces anomalus as alternative drugs of resistant...

    Authors: Najwa Mohammed Jameel Ali Abu-Mejdad, Abdullah H. Al-Saadoon, Adnan I. Al-Badran and Mohammed Hussein Minati
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:148
  27. Alteration in the normal composition of gasses in the atmosphere referred to as air pollution can occur as a result of different processes, including emissions from vehicles and power generators. Gasses affect...

    Authors: Kayode Peter Balogun, Abiola Titilola Aborisade and Oluwole Olakunle Oladele
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:147
  28. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Soumen Bera, Sibsankar Das and Dharmadas Kalindi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:145

    The original article was published in Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:124

  29. The context and purpose of the study. The world has turned to the technology of organic agriculture to obtain safe food and preserve the environment, and there have become many standards that control the produ...

    Authors: Abdu Omran Mohamed, Yousria Ahmed Allam and Ismail Ibrahim Hassen
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:144
  30. Investigation on genetic variability and correlation study between yield and its components of genotypes on rice may increase the opportunity to exploit its potential which will help meet the demand of high gr...

    Authors: Maysoun M. Saleh, Khaled F. M. Salem and Abdelmoaty B. Elabd
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:143
  31. Metabolomics of Camellia japonica leaf has been studied to identify the terpenoids present in it and their interrelations regarding biosynthesis as most of their pathways are closely situated. Camellia japonica i...

    Authors: Soumya Majumder, Arindam Ghosh and Malay Bhattacharya
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:141
  32. Flexibility during bending is a critical feature that influences the performance and safety of endodontic nickel-titanium rotary instruments. Flexibility of the endodontic files could be assessed via laborator...

    Authors: Amira Galal Ismail, Manar Galal, Mohamed H. Zaazou, Tamer M. Hamdy and Rasha M. Abdelraouf
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:140
  33. This recent investigation aimed to detect and characterize the genetic variabilities and genetic similarity in Orobanche crenata collected from naturally Orobanche-infested field at Gemmeiza Research Station, Agr...

    Authors: M. M. F. Abdalla, Heba A. M. A. Saleh and M. A. Khater
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:139
  34. Free radical attack of cellular structures in the human system is the major cause of various forms of degenerative diseases. Consequently, recent research has been focused on the development of new antioxidant...

    Authors: Ikechukwu Ogadimma Alisi, Adamu Uzairu and Stephen Eyije Abechi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:137
  35. QSAR modelling was performed on thirty-five (35) newly discovered compounds of N-(2-phenoxy) ethyl imidazo[1,2-a] pyridine-3-carboxamide (IPA) to predict their biological activities against Mycobacterium tubercul...

    Authors: Mustapha Abdullahi, Shola Elijah Adeniji, David Ebuka Arthur and Shuaibu Musa
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:136
  36. The present study evaluated levels of polymerization of deoxygenated sickle hemoglobin molecules (poly-dHbS-M) in the presence of fractionated leaf extracts of Anacardium occidentale Linn., Psidium guajava Linn.,...

    Authors: Paul C. Chikezie, Raphael C. Ekeanyanwu and Adaeze B. Chile-Agada
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:135
  37. Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is considered one of the most important legume and oil crops in Egypt. Root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne spp. is the most damaging nematodes of peanut. Losses can exceed 50% in severely...

    Authors: Hamida Ahmed Osman, Hoda Hussein Ameen, Moawad Mohamed and Usama Samy Elkelany
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:134
  38. Assessment of the oil % in a representative sample of Salicornia bigelovii seeds with different extraction methods using some of the organic solvents to reach the best economic one and determination of the effect...

    Authors: R. El-Araby, A. I. Rezk, S. A. Abo El-Enin, O. A. Nofal and A. B. El-Nasharty
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:133
  39. The reoccurrence of the resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to available drugs/medications has mandated for the development of more effective anti-tubercular agents with efficient activities. Therefor...

    Authors: Shola Elijah Adeniji, David Ebuka Arthur, Mustapha Abdullahi and Olajumoke Bosede Adalumo
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:132
  40. Osteogenesis and angiogenesis are two closely correlated processes during bone growth, development, remodeling, and repair. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an essential mediator during the process...

    Authors: Asmaa A. M. Rady, Soha M. Hamdy, Mohamed A. Abdel-Hamid, Marwa G. A. Hegazy, Shadia A. Fathy and Amany A. Mostafa
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:131
  41. Helminthiasis infestation is one of the most widespread and severe public health problems in the world. These parasites cause several diseases like anemia, malnutrition, pneumonia, eosinophilia, and malaria. T...

    Authors: Kalpesh B. Ishnava and Karishma S. Patel
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:130
  42. Culex mosquitoes are a major vector of public health importance and have been implicated for the transmission of some parasitic diseases such as lymphatic filariasis and West Nile virus. It has also been repor...

    Authors: Michael Olarewaju Akintan and Joseph Onaolapo Akinneye
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:129
  43. This work was carried out through 2017 and 2018 seasons on tow olive cultivars (Kalmata and Manzanillo). Trees were 15 years old, grown in sandy soil, planted at 5 × 5 m apart, and irrigated with saline water ...

    Authors: Laila F. Hagagg, Mohamed A. Merwad, Mohamed M. F. Shahin and Eman S. El-Hady
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:128
  44. The physico-chemical properties along with the insecticidal potency of seven non-traditional insecticides from different classes compared with three conventional insecticides were assessed versus Tuta absoluta (M...

    Authors: Mohamed Abdel-Hady Kandil, Elham Ahmed Sammour, Nahed Fawzy Abdel-Aziz, Essam Abd El Maguied Agamy, Ahmed Mohamed El-Bakry and Nasr Mohamed Abdelmaksoud
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:126
  45. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Mohammad A L-Bahy M. Gamal Reda, Ashraf E L-Sherbiny Abd EL-Hady, Hassan Kawashty Gad, Mohammad Abd E L-Hady M. Aboelmakarem, Amir Abdel-Ghaffar Mohammady Nowar and Haytham Khalifa Hegazy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:125

    The original article was published in Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:56

  46. Strobilanthes kunthiana (Nees) T. Anderson ex Benth locally known as Neelakurinji is an endemic to Western Ghat, India and belongs to the Acanthaceae family. It has a unique flowering pattern to bloom every 12 ye...

    Authors: Soumen Bera, Sibsankar Das and Dharmadas Kalindi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:124

    The Correction to this article has been published in Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2020 44:145

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