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  1. The gonadotropins lutropin and follitropin stimulate steroid synthesis in the gonads during gonadal maturation by promoting oogenesis and spermatogenesis. Endocrine disruptors such as lindane (γHCH) can alter ...

    Authors: Ernestina Pérez-González, Frida Ariadna Flores-Flores, Perla Yareli Lugo-Martínez, María Nancy Herrera-Moreno, Omar Llanes-Cárdenas, Héctor Abelardo González-Ocampo, Jesús Daniel Solis-Carrasco, Claudia Leonor Barraza-Tizoc, Idalia Enríquez-Verdugo, Juan Francisco Almanza-Peñuelas, Daniela Esmeralda Ramos-Beltrán and Víctor Manuel Salomón-Soto
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:60
  2. For people with respiratory disorders who need additional oxygen therapy, oxygen concentrators are vital medical equipment. By concentrating oxygen from the ambient air, they function to give the user a greate...

    Authors: Vijai Sivalingam, Jayakumar Jayaraj and Subha Hency Jose Paul
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:58
  3. The zoonotic Nipah virus (NiV) is very lethal and may spread from animals to people. There is yet no known cure or therapy for NiV. The outbreaks are seasonal in Bangladesh, occurring between December and Apri...

    Authors: Miah Roney
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:55
  4. Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is one of the most common causes of acute neuromuscular paralysis in developed and developing countries. It is a complex autoimmune disorder characterized by progressive skeletal ...

    Authors: Babangida Shehu Bappah, Idoo Womboh, Patrick Ayi Ewah, Lawan Umar and Jibril Mohammed
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:54
  5. JN.1 is a new variant of SARS-CoV-2 which is a subvariant of Omicron (BA.2.86) was first discovered in the USA in September 2023. The virus’s capacity to spread and elude the immune system may be impacted by a...

    Authors: Miah Roney, A. K. M. Moyeenul Huq and Mohd Fadhlizil Fasihi Mohd Aluwi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:53
  6. Pantoea agglomerans (P. agglomerans) is an environmental gram-negative bacterium that rarely infects humans. P. agglomerans infections have never been reported in Tanzania. We investigated the occurrence of P. ag...

    Authors: Salim S. Masoud, Mtebe Majigo, Raidah R. Gangji, Helmut Nyawale, Albert Ntukula, Frank Msafiri, Doreen Kamori, Joel Manyahi and Mabula Kasubi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:52
  7. Despite several justifications for utilizing beta-blockers, such as atenolol, as the initial treatment for hypertension in the presence of cardiovascular disease, some studies have demonstrated that calcium ch...

    Authors: Abdullah Alkattan, Eman Alsalameen, Alaa Harmoush, Mhd Nour Farawati, Hind Alsharif, Nagla Mahmoud, Mhd Ali Farawati, Amjad Alfaleh, Mahmoud Kandeel and Nashwa Radwan
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:51
  8. The tea plant, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze, is an evergreen leafy plant whose tender leaves are used in the manufacturing of the world’s second most consumed beverage—tea. The production and consumption of t...

    Authors: Gopal Sharma, Soumya Majumder, Arindam Ghosh and Malay Bhattacharya
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:49
  9. The use of combustible vegetable waste in the manufacture of refractory insulating firebricks has a double advantage: making use of vegetable waste and decreasing the production cost of bricks.

    Authors: Magdy Abadir, Hosam Moselhy Eldesoki, Osama Abdel Bary Ibrahim and Nada Ragab El Sakka
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:50
  10. An umbilical hernia is common, but its incarcerated form is quite rare in dogs. An incarcerated hernia is characterized by the entrapment of herniated contents within the hernial sac, often accompanied by a co...

    Authors: Mohammad Raguib Munif, Rony Ibne Masud and Shadia Tasnim
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:48
  11. Syzygium aromaticum has been used for over a century because it has biological qualities for several health-related problems, and the crude essential oils are known to contain several components that could be res...

    Authors: Shola Hezekiah Awojide, Ezekiel Olumide Fadunmade, Adeola Adepeju Adegboye, Kehinde Adenike Oyewole, Ifeoluwa Samuel Adedotun, Abayomi Gideon Adeyemo and Jesutofunmi Victoria Ayeni
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:47
  12. It has been noticed that failure of composite resin restorations can be attributed to either of the two following causes: fracture or secondary caries. For that reason, it is mandatory to formulate a restorati...

    Authors: Mahitab Mansour, Tarek Salah and Haidy N. Salem
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:46
  13. Anthrax is a zoonotic disease that is still regarded as a public health issue in developing nations. This paper aims to discuss the epidemiology of anthrax in Africa, the current outbreaks in Ghana and Nigeria...

    Authors: Ridwan Olamilekan Adesola, Valentine Chidalu Okeke, Abdulafees Hamzat, Dauda Ayomide Onawola and Joseph Fosu Arthur
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:45
  14. Fungal endophytes exhibit symbiotic relationships with their host plants but have recently emerged as sources for synthesizing important varieties of secondary metabolites (SMs). Many of these metabolites have...

    Authors: Rahmat Folashade Zakariyah, Kamoldeen Abiodun Ajijolakewu, Ayomide Joseph Ayodele, Barnabas Ipinnuoluwa Folami-A, Elohor Precious Samuel, Sabdat Omeneke Otuoze, Lukman Bola Abdulrauf and Risikat Nike Ahmed
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:44
  15. Thrombophilia is characterised by an abnormality of blood coagulation that increases thrombosis. Homocystinuria encompasses a group of disorders marked by increased levels of homocysteine and other amino acids...

    Authors: Poojitha Tulasi, Amulya Veeramachaneni, Niranjan Kamble and Darshan Rajatadri Rangaswamy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:43
  16. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease leading to destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to pathogenesis. The incidence of T1D is incr...

    Authors: Tamer A. Addissouky, Majeed M. A. Ali, Ibrahim El Tantawy El Sayed and Yuliang Wang
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:42
  17. For a specific purpose involving the pH of menstrual blood and the pH of the vagina during menstruation, the current work describes the development of pH-responsive superadsorbent polymer (SAP)-coated menstrua...

    Authors: Chintan Madhu and Bharat Patel
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:41
  18. Subglottic stenosis is the narrowing of the airway below the vocal folds. It can present as a congenital or acquired condition. The primary clinical presentation is often noted as noisy breathing, also known a...

    Authors: Nashifa Hooda Momin, James Anthony Nelson, Kristin Hall and Steven Goudy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:40
  19. This letter explores the historical challenges faced by Gigantopithecus blacki, a colossal ape, during the Pleistocene period in southern China, emphasizing its extinction approximately 300,000 years ago due to c...

    Authors: Heslley Machado Silva
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:39
  20. This study aims to conduct a scientometric analysis and thematically-based narrative review of a century of Taraxacum officinale research (TOR), uncovering patterns, trends, themes, and advancements in the field ...

    Authors: Manal Mohamed Elhassan Taha and Siddig Ibrahim Abdelwahab
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:38
  21. The transport sector in South Africa is responsible for around 11% of the country's carbon dioxide emissions, with road transport contributing an overwhelming 90% of this total, as noted by the South African ...

    Authors: Menzi Nazi Ntuli, Andrew C. Eloka-Eboka, Festus Maina Mwangi, Daniel Raphael Ejike Ewim and Michael O. Dioha
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:37
  22. As widely known, an intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, typically T-shaped contraceptive device that offers long-term reversible birth control. However, neglecting to remove the IUD can lead to severe compli...

    Authors: Farooq Hameed, Adeel Anwaar, Mamoona Anwar and Maria Anwar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:36
  23. Certain peptides that bind Shiga toxin 2 (Stx2) have been reported to treat Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections. However, their mechanisms of action remain unknown. STEC infections lead to se...

    Authors: Anuja Prabhudesai, Samir Shaikh, Kayasth Zarna Ashwinbhai and Reeshu Gupta
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:35
  24. Catalase is an important enzyme that helps protect cells against oxidative stress. The current protocol presents a reliable method for measuring catalase (CAT) enzyme activity in biological systems using the C...

    Authors: Mahmoud Hussein Hadwan, Abdulsamie Hassan Alta’ee, Rawa M. Mohammed, Asad M. Hadwan, Hawraa Saad Al-Kawaz and Zainab Abbas Al Talebi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:34
  25. Research on the use of silver nanoparticles in the context of diabetes mellitus has gained attention due to the unique properties of these nanoparticles, such as their antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and ant...

    Authors: Susanta Paul, Ishita Sarkar, Nilanjan Sarkar, Anannya Bose, Mainak Chakraborty, Amrita Chakraborty and Swarupananda Mukherjee
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:33
  26. Dengue fever, a viral illness spread mostly by Aedes mosquitoes, continues to pose a substantial public health issue in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. In Dhaka, climatic and socio-demographic factors like population ...

    Authors: Sudipta Roy, Abhijit Biswas, Mst. Tanzila Aktar Shawon, Samia Akter and Mohammad Mizanur Rahman
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:32
  27. Anthropology is a scientific discipline which applies scientific methods to identify and quantitate inter-individual variations in body structure and function. Anthropometry assesses craniofacial dysmorphology...

    Authors: Sahar Mostafa Elhadidi, Mohamed Ossama Hassan, Nadia Lashin Soliman, Eman Hassan Abouel-Ezz, Mona Mahmoud ElBatran, Ghada Y. El-Kamah and Khalda Sayed Amr
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:31
  28. Solar water heating is a highly sustainable method of extracting thermal energy from the sun for domestic and industrial use. In residential buildings, thermal energy from a Solar Water Heater (SWH) can be use...

    Authors: Fabian Eze, Munonyedi Egbo, Udochukwu John Anuta, Ossei-Bremang Rejoice Ntiriwaa, Julius Ogola and Julius Mwabora
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:29
  29. Mild steel is globally used in the construction, manufacturing and engineering industries due to its low cost and appreciable stability. Despite its application, mild steel often loses its structural integrity...

    Authors: Jovine Kamuhabwa Emmanuel
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:26
  30. Water-scarce locations necessitate the deployment of creative and sustainable techniques for managing water for agricultural production. Field experiment was conducted at the Experimental Research Farm of Nati...

    Authors: Farid Hellal, Saied El Sayed, Doaa M. R. Abo Basha and Hanan H. Abdel Kader
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:25
  31. Catalysis represents a critical field that greatly contributes to human living, technology, economic growth and the environment. Compact catalysts have frequently been applied in manufacturing a range of subst...

    Authors: Jovine Kamuhabwa Emmanuel
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:24
  32. Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), the fall armyworm (FAW), has recently invaded Egypt and poses serious threats to maize farmers as it causes huge economic costs and yield losses. Selec...

    Authors: Seham Mansour Ismail
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:22
  33. Shortening the vegetative cycle of slow-growing crops is a significant challenge for breeders, agronomists, and growers. This reduction is particularly crucial for the mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) as it would...

    Authors: Jean Florent Haba, Nakpalo Silué, Ardjouma Dembele, Elichama Désirée Phaceli, Jean Kouao Koffi and Ange Kouakou Letto
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:20
  34. Recently, attention has been directed toward the use of osteoinductive biomaterials in combination with stem cells for possible application in repair of bony defects. Blood products, namely platelet-rich fibri...

    Authors: Reham Mostafa Ibrahim, Ahmed Halawa, Nadia Soliman, Nuha Baraka and Riham Aly
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:18
  35. The convergence of pulmonary hemorrhage, pulmonary amyloidosis, and multiple myeloma is uncommon. Amyloidosis can affect the pulmonary parenchyma in a diffuse, tracheobronchial, or parenchymal pattern and may ...

    Authors: Claudia Birchenall-Jiménez, Jesús Perdomo-Polania, María Serna, Isabella Méndez-Carrillo, Felipe Hernández-Guerrero, Santiago Mantilla-García, María Quintero-Osorio and Ximena Cortés-Jaramillo
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:17
  36. Tobacco smoking remains a major preventable cause of disease and death worldwide. Combustible cigarettes release thousands of chemicals that can initiate inflammatory pathways leading to smoking-related illnes...

    Authors: Tamer A. Addissouky, Ibrahim El Tantawy El Sayed, Majeed M. A. Ali, Yuliang Wang, Ayman El Baz, Naglaa Elarabany and Ahmed A. Khalil
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:16
  37. Fall armyworm (FAW) Spodoptera frugiperda is regarded as a major pest of various economic crops, their caterpillars are a highly destructive and have a wide host range. The application of traditional pesticides i...

    Authors: Hanaa E. Sadek, Huda H. Elbehery, Shereen Abdel-Hameed Mohamed and T. E. Abd El-wahab
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:15
  38. Eu is a lesser-known and traditional millet-based fermented brew of the Toto tribe from West Bengal, India. The starter culture used in this brew consists of diverse microflora. Identifying those microbes will...

    Authors: Soumita Bhattacharjee, Indrani Sarkar, Mahima Misti Sarkar, Swarnendu Roy, Chandra Ghosh and Arnab Sen
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:14
  39. By resolving complicated spectra from drug combinations, chemometric techniques are valuable for multi-component investigation. The capacity to properly estimate combinations of components without separating d...

    Authors: Sadhana Sharma, Bhupendra Shrestha, Nihar Ranjan Bhuyan, Subhabrota Majumdar, Sailee Chowdhury and Rana Mazumder
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:13
  40. Rumex nervosus is abundant in East African and Arabian countries, and is used in curing gastrointestinal diseases as well as in wound healing. The current study intends to assess Rumex nervosus aqueous extract's ...

    Authors: Bassant M. M. Ibrahim, Hanem M. Awad, Nermeen M. Shaffie, Eman R. Youness and Ahlam H. Mahmoud
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:12
  41. The global spread of drug-resistant organisms has necessitated the search for alternative treatments against bacterial and candidal resistant pathogens. Plants have long been used as traditional medicines to a...

    Authors: Balaji Palanisamy, Saravana Kumar Pachaiyappan, Mutheeswaran Subramanian, Reena Das and Ignacimuthu Savarimuthu
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2024 48:11

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