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Table 1 Phytochemical constituents identified in leaf methanolic extracts of Solanum khasianum by GC–MS analysis and mass spectra of NIST database

From: GC–MS profiling and antibacterial activity of Solanum khasianum leaf and root extracts

RT Name of compound Kovats relative index Molecular formula Mwt Area (%) Recorded pharmacological activity
13.63 Dodecanal 1387 C12H24O 184 0.85 Antibacterial, in pharmaceuticals
17.47 Diethyl phthalate 1603 C12H14O4 222 0.87 Antimicrobial, antioxidant, plasticizer, estrogenic
20.71 E-9-Tetradecenoic acid 2537 C14H26O2 226 1.45 Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant
21.45 Z-8-Methyl-9-Tetradecenoic acid 1676 C15H28O2 240 2.97 No activity reported
21.4 Myristoleic acid 1783 C14H26O2 226 2.97 Cancer preventive
24.03 n-Hexadecanoic acid 1972 C16H32O2 256 3.36 Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-androgenic, hypocholesterolemic, hemolytic nematicide, pesticide, 5-α reductase inhibitor, potent mosquito larvicide, treat rheumatic symptoms
26.20 Phytol 2105 C20H40O 296 2.43 Antinociceptive, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, hypolipidemic, anticancer, antimicrobial, cytotoxic, anti-teratogenic, antidiabetic, antispasmodic, anticonvulsant, disinfectant, antidiuretic
26.70 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid 2125 C18H30O2 278 2.96 Analgesic, anesthetic, anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-pyretic, antibacterial, cancer preventive, hypocholesterolemic, hepatoprotective, nematicide, antihistaminic and reduce complications in Covid-19 patients
28.68 α-D-Glucopyranoside, O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-fructofuranosyl 1926 C18H32O16 504 3.56 Cardioprotective, neuroprotective, antidiabetic, antiosteoporotic, anti-inflammatory, antistress
29.89 1,2-Propanediol, 3-(tetradecyloxy) 1603 C17H36O3 288 1.60 Antifungal activity
30.34 tert-Hexadecanethiol 1522 C16H34S 258 2.76 Antitumor, antioxidant, antifungal, insecticidal
30.70 Ethanol, 2-(tetradecyloxy) 1930 C16H34O2 258 11.3 No activity reported
31.56 Heptadecane, 9-hexyl 2243 C23H48 324 43.65 Antifungal agent
32.40 Myoinositol, Hexaacetate 2084 C18H42O12 432 15.05 Precursor of several metabolic pathways, co-factors of enzymes, messenger molecule in signal transduction, reduce liver and myocardial lipid content, alternative of metformin
32.77 Valeric acid, 4-pentadecyl ester 2112 C20H40O2 312 5.77 No activity reported
34.80 Benzenepropanoic acid, 3,5-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxy-,octadecyl ester 1943 C35H62O3 530 1.37 Antifungal and antioxidant