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Table 2 Proximate composition (%), mineral (mg/100 g) and energy value (kcal/100 g) of therapeutic complementary foods

From: Nutritional, antioxidant and organoleptic properties of therapeutic-complementary-food formulated from locally available food materials for severe acute malnutrition management

Sample OG P0 P1 P2 P3 *RDA
Moisture 7.26 ± 0.03a 4.90 ± 0.01e 5.36 ± 0.02d 5.69 ± 0.05c 6.26 ± 0.04b
Crude fat 4.83 ± 0.01e 34.64 ± 0.04a 23.13 ± 0.01b 20.0 ± 0.02c 13.12 ± 0.01d
Crude fibre 2.09 ± 0.02d 1.44 ± 0.01e 2.67 ± 0.01c 2.72 ± 0.02b 2.82 ± 0.02a
Ash 2.00 ± 0.15c 2.00 ± 0.26c 2.30 ± 0.15b 2.75 ± 0.02a 2.78 ± 0.01a
Crude protein 7.72 ± 0.02e 17.47 ± 0.03a 16.93 ± 0.01b 16.33 ± 0.02c 16.16 ± 0.00d 14
Carbohydrate 76.09 ± 0.32a 39.54 ± 0.15e 49.56 ± 0.22d 52.41 ± 0.11c 58.84 ± 0.32b
Energy 378.71 ± 3.23e 539.8 ± 4.11a 474.13 ± 3.21b 454.96 ± 2.45c 418.08 ± 3.31d 765
Potassium 1161.5 ± 1.50e 3072.5 ± 2.50d 4175 ± 0.50c 5150.0 ± 0.30b 6350.50 ± 0.50a 3000
Calcium 1164.5 ± 1.50a 1129.5 ± 4.50b 949.0 ± 1.00c 494.0 ± 1.00d 341.5 ± 1.50e 400
Iron 0.90 ± 0.02e 53.00 ± 1.00a 50.50 ± 0.50b 27.00 ± 0.03c 23.50 ± 0.50d 4.5
Zinc 20.00 ± 0.03e 114.5 ± 0.50a 38.50 ± 1.50b 30.00 ± 1.00c 28.00 ± 0.05d 1.6
Phosphorous 4447.3 ± 1.34c 4581.0 ± 1.10a 4501 ± 1.15b 4443.1 ± 1.05d 3855.6 ± 1.70e 460
Sodium 1164.5 ± 1.50a 1149.5 ± 0.05b 950.50 ± 0.05c 495.00 ± 0.40d 343.5 ± 0.50e 1000
Na/K ratio 1.71 ± 0.01a 0.64 ± 0.01c 0.39 ± 0.02d 0.16 ± 0.01e 0.92 ± 0.02b  < 1.0
Ca/P ratio 0.20 ± 0.01a 0.19 ± 0.02a 0.16 ± 0.02b 0.09 ± 0.01c 0.07 ± 0.02c  > 1.0
  1. Values are mean of three determinations ± standard deviation (n = 3). Values with the different superscript within the same row are significantly different from each other (p ≤ 0.05)
  2. *RDA (mg/day) (PAHO 2020)
  3. Keys: P0 = Full fat milk 30%, peanut 25%, soybean oil 15%, sugar 28%, mineral mix 2%, P1 = Orange-fleshed sweet potato 26.5%, sorghum 26.5%, full fat milk 30%, soybean oil 5%, sugar 10%, moringa leaves 2%), P2 = Soycake 15%, Orange fleshed sweet potato 26.5%, sorghum 26.5%, full fat milk 15%, soybean oil 5%, sugar 10%, moringa leaves 2%, P3 = Soycake 30%, Orange fleshed sweet potato 26.5%, sorghum 26.5%, soybean oil 5% sugar 10%, moringa leaves 2%) and OG (100% sorghum)