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Table 8 Direct discriminant function analysis of ear measurements in all subjects

From: Ear morphology and morphometry as potential forensic tools for identification of the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba populations of Nigeria

Function Variables Standardized coefficient Unstandardized coefficient Wilks' lambda Structure matrix Groups centroids
1 REL − 0.444 − 0.090 0.961 − 0.040 Male = 0.234
2 REW 0.358 0.086   0.330 Female =  − 0.174
3 RLH 0.850 0.245   0.441  
4 RLW − 0.488 − 0.158   0.845  
5 RCL − 0.135 − 0.064    
6 REL 0.368 0.075 0.938 − 0.699 Male = − 0.297
7 REW − 0.182 − 0.044   0.319 Female = 0.22
8 RLH − 0.917 − 0.263   0.255  
9 RLW 0.450 0.148   0.242  
10 RCL 0.388 0.184   − 0.181  
  1. R, right; L, left; EL, ear length; EW, ear width; LH, lobule height; LW, lobule width, CL, concha length