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Table 5 Energy value contributed by nutrients in raw and steamed African Mud Creeper,T. fuscatus var radula

From: Biochemical profile, non-enzymatic antioxidants and functional attributes of raw and thermally processed West African Mud Creeper, Tympanotonos fuscatus var radula (Linnaeus, 1758)

Parameter Unit Raw Steamed Mean SD CV%
Total energy E kJ 100 g−1 1267 1238 1252.16 20.70 1.65
kcal 100 g−1 300 292 295.52 5.63 1.90
PEF % (kJ 100 g−1) 11.8(180) 3(45) 7.4 6.22 84.09
% kcal 100 g−1 12.1(44) 3.1(11) 7.6 6.36 83.74
PEC % (kJ 100 g−1) 18.2(278) 27.4(410) 22.8 6.51 28.53
% kcal 100 g−1 18(65) 27.2(96) 22.6 6.51 28.78
PEP % (kJ 100 g−1) 53.1(809) 52.3(783) 52.7 0.57 1.07
% kcal 100 g−1 52.6(190) 51.9(184) 52.25 0.49 0.95
UEDP% kJ 31.86 31.37 31.62 0.35 1.1
kcal 31.56 31.13 31.35 0.3 0.97
  1. Total energy (TE), proportion of total energy due to fat (PEF), proportion of total energy due to carbohydrate (PEC), proportion of total energy due to protein(PEP), utilization of energy value due to protein (UEDP%), standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variation per cent (CV%)