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Table 2 Comparative analyses of traditional and medicinal applications of plantain parts

From: A review of the ethnomedicinal, antimicrobial, and phytochemical properties of Musa paradisiaca (plantain)

Application Part used Extraction method Dose (mg/kg) Effects/findings References
Antidiarrhoeal Pulp Flaked Reduces/stops diarrhoea; thus an effective antidiarrhoeal agent Rabbani et al. (2001), Debaandya and Namrata (2010)
Antidiabetic Pulp Ethanolic 100–800 Reduces blood glucose concentration; has antidiabetic effect Singh et al. (2007)
Antiulcer Pulp Ethanolic, aqueous; methanolic 500 Decreases gastric juice; effective against ulcer Goel et al. (2001), Pannangpetch et al. (2001)
Antioxidant Pulp Methanolic Reverses increased lipid peroxidation; a good antioxidant Goel et al. (2001)
Cholesterol lowering Pulp, peel; root Freeze-dried, dried; methanolic 100–500 Corrects histopathological/biochemical imbalances; a good cholesterol normalising agent Mallick et al. (2006), Parmar and Kar (2008), Vijayakumar et al. (2008)
Liver/kidney protection Pulp, peel, root; stem Ethanolic; aqueous 200–500 Reversed and normalise liver and kidney functions; ability to protect liver and kidney Iweala et al. (2011), Nirmala et al. (2012), Oyewole et al. (2015)
Hair growth and skin protection Pulp; stem Aqueous Promotes healthy skin and hair; protects skin and hair Rojas et al. (2006), Savali et al. (2011), Kumar et al. (2012)
Blood clotting and wound healing Pulp; stem Methanolic; aqueous Reduces bleeding & clotting times; possesses haemostatic and wound healing properties Agarwal et al. (2009), Novak et al. (2003), Weremfo et al. (2011)
Antihypertensive Pulp Dried Lowers mean arterial blood pressure to normal; capable of normalising blood pressure Osim and Ibu (1991)