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Table 1 Selected reports of antimicrobial applications of different plantain parts

From: A review of the ethnomedicinal, antimicrobial, and phytochemical properties of Musa paradisiaca (plantain)

Plant part Extract Test isolates Assay technique MIC/MBC/MFC/EC50 References
Peel and fruit Ethanolic, methanolic Escherichia coli, E. coli ATCC 35218, Staphylococcus aureus, S. aureus ATCC 25923, Salmonella typhi, Salmonella typhi ATCC 22648, Salmonella typhi ATCC 23456, Shigella dysentriae ATCC 24162, Klebsiella pneumonia ATCC 34089, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 21332 Agar well diffusion 100–300 mg/mL Asoso et al. (2016)
Peel powder Aqueous Aspergillus niger Agar well diffusion Not determined Prakash et al. (2017)
Flowers Ethanolic and mixed ethanolic and aqueous (1:1) Candida albidus MTCC-2661, C. albicans MTCC-183, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC-9027, B. subtilis MTCC-121, B. cereus MTCC-430, S. typhimurium MTCC-98. E. coli MTCC-443, Streptococcus pneumoniae MTCC-2672, Proteus mirabilis MTCC-1429 Microdilution 6.49–31.58 µg/mL Jawla et al. (2012)
Peel Aqueous S. aureus, S. pyogenes, Enterococcus aerogenes, K. pneumoniae, E. coli, Moraxella catarrhalis, Candida albicans Agar well diffusion Not determined Chabuck et al. (2013)
Peel Alcoholic Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans Broth dilution 31.25 µg/mL Kapadia et al. (2015)
Leaf Hexane, ethyl acetate and methanolic E. coli, P. aeruginosa and Citrobacter sp. Agar well diffusion MIC: 15.63–250 µg/mL; MBC: 31.25–250 µg/mL Karuppiah and Mustaffa (2013)
Peels Dichloromethane and methanol (1:1) E. coli, S. aureus, B. subtilis, P. aeruginosa, C. albicans, C. tropicalis and A. niger Aqueous 55–85 µL Karadi et al. (2011)
Peel and stalk Methanolic and ethanolic A. niger, A. oryzae, and Rhizopus stolonifer Poisoned plate technique 0.125–0.5 mg/mL Okorondu et al. (2012)
Pseudostem exudates Methanolic and aqueous S. aureus, E. coli, Lactobacillus acidophilus, P. aeruginosa hepatitis A virus (HAV-10), and herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) Agar well diffusion 25–200 µL/mL Abdel Ghany et al. (2019)
Peel Gold nanoparticles E. faecalis MTCC 35550 Polystyrene plating 100 µg/mL Vijayakumar et al. (2017)
Bract Silver nanoparticles Xanthomonas campestris, Clavibacter michiganensis, P. syringae, Burkholderia glumae, Alternaria alternata, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Macrophomina phaseolina, and Botrytis cinerea Disc diffusion Not determined Maruthai et al. (2018)
Leaf Methanolic, hexane/chloroform (50:50), ethylacetate/methanol (50:50), ethylacetate/methanol (90:10) Leishmania chagasi (amastigotes and promastigotes) 3-[4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide (MTT) assay 1.70–915.2 µg/mL Accioly et al. (2012)
Peel Ethanolic Leishmania infantum chagasi (promastigotes and amastigotes) (MTT) assay 10.38–532.8 µg/mL Silva et al. (2014)