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Table 7 Farmers’ perception of the major type of damage caused by erosion on crops on farmland.

From: Farmers’ awareness of the potential of vetiver grass for soil erosion control on Ogbomoso Agricultural Zone farmlands, south-western Nigeria

Variables Perceived type of damage caused by erosion
Reduction of soil fertility Caused gully Caused farm pathway destruction Reduced crop yield Predisposed farm to other pest
Age      
 ≤ 30 42 (10.80) 36 (9.50) 39 (10.08) 37 (10.08) 33 (10.38)
 31–40 112 (28.79) 113 (29.82) 110 (28.42) 105 (28.61) 83 (26.10)
 41–50 110 (28.28) 107 (28.23) 112 (28.94) 106 (28.88) 94 (29.56)
 51–60 86 (22.11) 83 (21.90) 85 (21.96) 81 (22.07) 72 (22.64)
 Above 60 39 (10.03) 40 (10.55) 41 (10.59) 38 (10.35) 36 (11.32)
Linear-by-linear association 0.1503 (P = 0.006)***
Gender      
 Male 287 (73.78) 276 (72.82) 283 (73.13) 269 (73.30) 239 (75.16)
 Female 102 (26.22) 103 (27.18) 104 (26.87) 98 (26.70) 79 (24.84)
Linear-by-linear association 0.0583 (P = 0.602)
Marital status      
 Married 311 (79.95) 307 (81.00) 309 (79.84) 290 (79.02) 257 (80.82)
 Single 35 (9.00) 31 (8.18) 33 (8.53) 34 (9.26) 30 (9.43)
 Widow 27 (6.94) 27 (7.12) 28 (7.24) 28 (7.63) 18 (5.66)
 Divorce 11 (2.83) 11 (2.90) 12 (3.10) 11 (3.00) 10 (3.14)
 Separated 5 (1.29) 3 (0.79) 5 (1.29) 4 (1.09) 3 (0.94)
Linear-by-linear association 0.1121 (P = 0.100)*
Household size      
 ≤ 5 218 (56.04) 212 (55.94) 214 (55.30) 204 (55.59) 183 (57.55)
 6–10 171 (43.96) 167 (44.06) 173 (44.70) 163 (44.41) 135 (42.45)
Linear-by-linear association 0.0316 (P = 0.0371)**
Level of education      
 No formal education 92 (23.65) 92 (24.27) 95 (24.55) 91 (24.80) 74 (23.27)
 Primary education 76 (19.54) 75 (19.79) 76 (19.64) 75 (20.44) 64 (20.13)
 Secondary education 190 (48.84) 182 (48.02) 184 (47.55) 170 (46.32) 157 (49.37)
 Post-secondary education 31 (7.97) 30 (7.92) 32 (8.27) 31 (8.45) 23 (7.23)
Linear-by-linear association 0.4434 (P = 0.0014)***
Income per cropping season (Naira)      
 ≤ 200 362 (93.06) 354 (93.40) 361 (93.28) 343 (93.46) 294 (92.45)
 201–250 7 (1.80) 6 (1.58) 7 (1.81) 5 (1.36) 5 (1.57)
 251–300 8 (2.06) 8 (2.11) 8 (2.07) 8 (2.18) 8 (2.52)
 301–350 8 (2.06) 8 (2.11) 8 (2.07) 8 (2.18) 8 (2.52)
 Above 350 4 (1.03) 3 (0.79) 3 (0.78) 3 (0.82) 3 (0.94)
Linear-by-linear association 0.0096 (P = 0.0936)*
Secondary occupation      
 Civil servant 52 (13.37) 48 (12.66) 51 (13.18) 45 (12.26) 37 (11.64)
 Private business 320 (82.26) 316 (83.38) 320 (82.69) 304 (82.83) 267 (83.96)
 Student 17 (4.37) 15 (3.96) 16 (4.13) 18 (4.90) 14 (4.40)
Linear-by-linear association 0.0071 (P = 0.1830)      
  1. Figures in parenthesis are percentage
  2. $ 1 = ₦ 360
  3. ***,**,*Significant at 1%, 5% and 10% probability level, respectively
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