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Table 2 Mean percentage parasitaemia of mice treated with single therapy

From: Antagonistic effects of some commonly used herbs on the efficacy of Artemisinin derivatives in the treatment of malaria in experimental mice

Treatment Grps Day1 Day2 Day3 Day4 Day5 Day6
M. morindiodes 23.25 ± 0.29a 21.83 ± 0.29c 20.38 ± 0.29c 11.72 ± 0.13c 10.25 ± 0.04b 4.21 ± 0.11b
M. lucida 27.73 ± 0.04d 26.73 ± 0.04d 24.98 ± 0.04d 18.18 ± 0.11d 10.99 ± 0.56b 6.99 ± 0.02c
V. amygdalina 29.07 ± 0.02e 28.20 ± 0.18e 23.81 ± 0.33d 19.15 ± 0.60e 18.34 ± 0.67c 17.38 ± 0.60d
Artesunate 26.38 ± 0.13c 20.76 ± 0.13b 10.05 ± 0.13b 3.26 ± 0.07b 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a
Chloroquine 25.75 ± 0.13b 17.48 ± 0.13a 8.56 ± 0.13a 2.5 ± 0.07a 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a
Untreated 29.88 ± 0.13f 30.43 ± 0.13f 30.71 ± 0.13e 31.14 ± 0.00f 33.05 ± 0.00d 32.67 ± 0.07e
  1. Values were expressed as mean ± standard deviation (SD). Values with different superscripts (Alphabets) in a column are significantly different (p < 0.05) from each other. This implies that for each day, values with superscript a are the least value, followed by b then c, d e to f (highest). For example, at day 1, the lowest values for percentage parasitaemia were recorded in mice treated with M. morindiodes followed by that of chloroquine, while the highest parasitaemia was in untreated mice. These differences are statistically significant (all the values did not have similar superscript). At days 5 and 6, mice treated with artesunate and chloroquine have the least values for parasitaemia and both the same superscripts (a). This means they are not significantly different from one another
  2. Mean values were from five mice observed in each group