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Table 4 Effect of plant extracts on fetal weight, number and mortality of infected and non-infected pregnant mice (before littering)

From: Antiplasmodial activities and abortifacient properties of three commonly used African indigenous anti-malarial plants in Plasmodium berghei infected pregnant mice: implication for maternal and fetal health

Groups (mg/kg body weight) Fetal weight (g) Fetal number Fetal mortality (%) % Miscarriage
Infected Non-infected Infected Non-infected Infected Non-infected Infected Non-infected
C. citratus 100 0.71 ± 0.01a 0.97 ± 0.14b 4.67 ± 0.67a 7.00 ± 0.58b 7.07b 0.00a 20.00b 0.00a
C. citratus 200 0.61 ± 0.02a 0.98 ± 0.10b 5.33 ± 0.33a 6.33 ± 0.33b 37.53b 0.00a 40.00b 20.00a
C. citratus 300 0.53 ± 0.01a 0.83 ± 0.10b 8.00 ± 0.58b 6.00 ± 1.00a 62.50b 25.50a 60.00b 40.00a
M. lucida 100 0.88 ± 0.02a 1.11 ± 0.13b 8.00 ± 0.58b 7.67 ± 0.67ab 25.00b 0.00a 40.00b 0.00a
M. lucida 200 0.90 ± 0.07a 1.08 ± 0.10b 7.83 ± 1.76b 9.00 ± 0.58b 19.54b 11.11a 20.00a 40.00b
M. lucida 300 0.91 ± 0.07a 1.07 ± 0.10b 6.67 ± 0.33a 8.00 ± 0.58b 55.02b 24.13a 60.00b 40.00a
Untreated 0.70 ± 0.06a 1.21 ± 0.13b 7.67 ± 1.45a 10.67 ± 0.67b 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
Fansidar (SP) 0.98 ± 0.33a 1.10 ± 0.06ab 12.67 ± 0.88b 10.33 ± 0.33a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a 0.00a
  1. Values were expressed as mean ± standard error of mean (S.E.M). Values with different superscripts (alphabets) in a column are significantly different (p < 0.05)
  2. Mean values presented were from three dissected mice from a total of five in each group