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Table 1 Toxicity of tested commercial insecticides against the 2nd instar larvae of Tuta absoluta using leaf dipping technique

From: Influence of insect traps and insecticides sequential application as a tactic for management of tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

Trade name Common name Mode of action LC90
Chemical insecticides (mg/L)
Emperor (0.5% EC) Emamectin benzoate Chloride channel activators (group no. 6) 1.66 (1.06–3.87)
Coragen (20% SC) Chlorantraniliprole Ryanodine receptor modulators (group no. 28) 1.82 (1.49–2.40)
Radiant (12% SC) Spinetoram Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) allosteric activators. Nerve action (group no. 5) 4.84 (3.64–6.54)
Natural formulated compounds (%)
Rosa (5% EW)* Rosmarinus officinalis UN compounds of unknown or uncertain MoA 0.417 (0.29–0.67)
Nimbecidine (3.5% EC) Azadirachtin UN compounds of unknown or uncertain MoA 0.571 (0.43–0.92)
  1. UN unknown
  2. *The compound Rosa (EW) was prepared by mixing rosemary essential oil with methyl salicylate (winter green oil) and water in appropriate amounts of emulsifier and natural solvents (vegetable and mineral oils in water)