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Table 3 Effect of the tested essential oils and nano-oils on eggs number laid per female and % of adult emergence (F1) of T. castaneum during storage periods

From: Efficacy of nano-formulated certain essential oils on the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum and confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) under laboratory and storage conditions

Tested materials Means no. of eggs /♀±S.E. % adult emergence (F1) %. of emerged adult malformation.
Nano , Coriander 7.4±3.89 1 100
Nano black seed oil 61.4±7.81 21 40
Nano Janesville 29.4±1.87 12 89
Nano caraway 10.9±8.21 4 99
Control 299.4±1.88 100 0
F test 37.7
Lsd5% 18.9