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Table 4 In vitro characteristics of raw and replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM diets

From: Nutritional potentials and in vitro estimation of composite cocoa pod husk-based diets for ruminants

Diets Methane (ml) CO2 (ml) OMD (%) SCFA (μm) ME (Kcal/g) IVDMD (%)
Raw CPHM 1.00d 1.89e 25.26e 0.01e 3.16f 42.00c
A 3.00c 7.67d 32.56d 0.19d 4.28e 50.00bc
B 3.00c 9.33c 34.15c 0.23c 4.53d 60.06b
C 3.00c 11.07b 35.73c 0.28b 4.79c 60.06b
D 4.00b 13.67ab 38.98b 0.36a 5.29b 70.07a
E 5.00a 15.03a 41.13a 0.40a 5.63a 80.00a
F 5.00a 15.19a 41.37a 0.42a 5.66a 80.00a
SEM 0.29 2.09 0.94 0.02 0.14 3.01
  1. Means on the same row with different superscript letters are significantly (p < 0.05) different
  2. OMD organic matter digestibility, CO2 (carbon dioxide) gas production from insoluble fraction, SCFA short-chain fatty acid, ME metabolizable energy, IVDMD in vitro dry matter disappearance, CPHM cocoa pod husk meal, A 0% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, B 5% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, C 7.5% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, D 10% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, E 12.5% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM, F 15% replacement levels of urea-treated CPHM