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Table 5 Blood plasma constituents of laying hens fed with different dietary treatments

From: Impact of adding natural bioactive mixture composed of lemon, onion, and garlic juice at different levels on productive performance, egg quality, and some blood parameters of commercial laying hens

Item Experimental groups Overall mean ± SE
Control (G1) 1% LOG (G2) 2% LOG (G3) 3% LOG (G4)
Total protein, g/dl 7.35a 7.80a 6.20b 6.60b 6.99 ± 0.20
Albumin, g/dl 2.45b 2.95a 2.55ab 2.60ab 2.64 ± 0.08
Globulin, g/dl 4.90a 4.85a 3.65b 4.00b 4.35 ± 0.18
A:G ratio 0.50b 0.61ab 0.70a 0.65a 0.62 ± 0.03
HDL, mg/dl 16.65a 12.10ab 7.10b 13.40a 12.31 ± 1.25
Total cholesterol, mg/dl 115.00a 119.00a 62.00b 72.00b 92.00 ± 8.29
GPT, U/L 82.00a 39.00b 59.00b 42.00b 55.50 ± 5.78
GOT, U/L 28.00a 16.00b 9.00c 14.00b 16.75 ± 2.20
Alkaline phosphates, U/L 14.00a 13.00ab 12.00b 8.00c 11.75 ± 0.73
Creatinine, mg/dl 0.23 0.25 0.24 0.28 25.00 ± 0.01
  1. a, b, cMeans in the same row having different superscripts differ significantly (P < 0.05)
  2. SEM standard error of mean, HDL high-density lipoprotein, GOT glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, GPT glutamic pyruvic transaminase, LOG natural bioactive mixture juice composed of lemon, onion and garlic juice at portions 1.00, 1.00, and 0.125/l clean water