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Table 2 Effect of silicon as well as potassium, sodium and calcium silicates on root rot disease incidence and severity of strawberry plants under field conditions

From: Effectiveness of silicon and silicate salts for controlling black root rot and induced pathogenesis-related protein of strawberry plants

Treatment Application Black root rot disease
Disease incidence Reduction% Disease severity Reduction%
Silicon Soil 12.7 b* 69.0 10.2 b 72.4
Soil + foliar 6.7 d 83.7 6.0 c 83.8
Potassium silicate Soil 9.3 c 77.3 8.5 bc 77.0
Soil + foliar 3.0 f 92.7 3.0 e 91.9
Sodium silicate Soil 12.3 b 70.0 10.2 b 72.4
Soil + foliar 7.7 d 81.2 6.5 c 82.4
Calcium silicate Soil 9.7 c 76.3 8.5 bc 77.0
Soil + foliar 3.4 f 91.7 3.3 e 91.1
Actamyl 3 g/L (Fungicide) Soil 5.3 e 87.1 5.7 d 84.6
Soil + foliar 4.7 e 88.5 5.2 d 85.9
Control   41.0 a 0.0 37.0 a 0.0
  1. * Figures with the same letter in a column are not significantly (P ≤ 0.05) different