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  1. The study examined the effects of dietary supplementation of Syzygium aromaticum leaf meal (SLM) on the haematology, serum biochemistry and antioxidative status of laying hens.

    Authors: Olufemi Adesanya Adu, Imoleayo Sarah Olateju, Adeniyi David Samuel and Francis Ayodeji Gbore
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:250
  2. Breast cancer is the world's second leading cause of death in women. The problem of chemoresistance in breast cancer is proving to be a challenge for researchers and several oncologists all around the world. C...

    Authors: Dayanand Swami, Shafina Siddiqui, Urwashi Kumar, Shine Devarajan and Jyotirmoi Aich
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:249
  3. The global freshwater shortage is an important issue threatening the sustainable development of agriculture and food security. A field study was conducted in two seasons, i.e., 2019 and 2020, in the newly recl...

    Authors: Ahmed Salah Mohamed Morsy and Hani Mohamed Mehanna
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:248
  4. Arterial tortuosity syndrome (ATS) (OMIM #208050) is a very rare autosomal recessive connective tissue disease characterized by elongation, tortuosity, and predisposition of aneurysms formation in medium and l...

    Authors: Daniel Palanca Arias, Ariadna Ayerza Casas, Marcos Clavero Adell, Cristina Gutiérrez Alonso, Marta López Ramón, Lorenzo Jiménez Montañés, Victoria Estaben Boldova and Silvia Izquierdo-Álvarez
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:247
  5. Pre-dental students’ perception and awareness about current technology in dentistry can influence their motivation and maturity during the learning experience and affect their dental education outcome. This ob...

    Authors: Lina Sharab, Mohamed Adel, Rahaf Abualsoud, Brandi Hall, Suheil Albaree, Reny de Leeuw and Ahmad Kutkut
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:246
  6. The scale insect, Parlatoria ziziphi (Lucas) (Diaspididae: Hemiptera), is one of the most serious insects in citrus orchards in Egypt. The efficiency of two different formulation types (emulsifiable concentrates ...

    Authors: Nahed Fawzy Abdel-Aziz, Hamdy Abdel-Naby Salem, Ahmed Mohamed El-Bakry and Elham Ahmed Sammour
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:244
  7. The plant Laggera aurita (Asteraceae) is a commonly utilized medicinal plant growing as a weed in African countries used in the treatment of many diseases. Besides, several phytochemical and pharmacological studi...

    Authors: Sa’adatu Muhammad Julde, Safiya Bala Borodo, Abubakar Sadiq Wada, Mubarak Hussaini Ahmad, Sani Malami and Lawal Alhassan Bichi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:243
  8. Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by infiltration of neoplastic plasma cells in the bone marrow. Although many novel agents have been developed in the last decade, MM remains a non-curable disease. The as...

    Authors: Esma Evrim Dogan, Aysenur Arslan, Naciye Demirel, Demet Aydin, Ilknur Mansuroglu, Suheyla Atak, Fatma Keklik Karadag, Rafet Eren and Guray Saydam
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:242
  9. Oral potentially malignant lesions (OPML) are suspicious lesions that may turn into malignancy according to the degree of dysplasia. Early diagnosis of these lesions allows their treatment before malignant tra...

    Authors: Heba E. Tarek, Heba N. Shalash, Reham A. A. Morsy, Basma Mostafa, Mirhane Hassan, Rania M. Abbas and Marwa M. Ellithy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:241
  10. Several studies have investigated sleep disorders in the general population. However, a few studies were conducted among the working population and none among the Egyptian workers. We aimed to assess the preva...

    Authors: Ehab Salah Eshak
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:240
  11. Acute Leukaemias are haematological disorders characterised by the proliferation of immature white blood cells in the bone marrow and/or peripheral blood. Oral manifestations of leukaemia are common and may be...

    Authors: Fabienne Aurora, Anita Arasaretnam and Andrew Hobkirk
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:239
  12. The study of sorption isotherm is the most important for prediction of shelf life, selection of packaging materials, drying characteristics, etc., of any food and agricultural materials. Gum is hygroscopic in ...

    Authors: Shristi Shefali Saraugi, Shadanan Patel, Chandrahas Sahu, Prashant S. Pisalkar, Pooja Sahu and Dharmendra Khokhar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:238
  13. Karaya gum is heavily acetylated polysaccharide and used for medicinal purposes as a bulk-forming laxative. It is also used in the paper and textile industries as well as food stabilizer. So its moisture sorpt...

    Authors: Shristi Shefali Saraugi, Shadanan Patel, Chandrahas Sahu and Dharmendra Khokhar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:237
  14. Technology is deployed to take the advantage of the ultimate energy from the sun (solar energy) to be used as heat or clean electricity. This energy is classified as “sustainable energy” or “renewable energy” ...

    Authors: Williams S. Ebhota and Pavel Y. Tabakov
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:236
  15. The surgical ciliated cyst of the maxilla was initially reported as a sequela of Caldwell–Luc type open maxillary sinus procedures. Recently, other etiologies have become apparent and cases have been reported ...

    Authors: James C. Gates, Daniel I. Taub, Elliot Cherkas, Madalina Tuluc and Lionel Gold
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:235
  16. In an attempt to prove biological activity enhancement upon escalating the cellular uptake response through ligand and carrier-based via nanoframework, gallic acid was chosen to be formulated into PLGA-based p...

    Authors: V. Sandhiya and U. Ubaidulla
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:234
  17. While dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) were traditionally believed to be resistant to most livestock diseases, research has demonstrated that they are susceptible to a large number of infectious agents. Bas...

    Authors: Bareda Diba, Benti Deresa Gelalcha, Birhanu Ayele, Bedane Adane and Paul J. Plummer
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:233
  18. Misuse of analysis of variance alongside other statistical methods has been an important topic of discussion in many scientific gatherings. Although misuse of analysis of variance is of global concern, its pre...

    Authors: Bilyaminu Abubakar, Yaaqub Abiodun Uthman, Abubakar Ibrahim Jatau, Abubakar Danbatta, Hafsat Nasidi Nuhu and Mohammed Mustapha
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:232
  19. Childhood pneumonia is the commonest cause of suffering worldwide. Among under-five children where it accounts for more than one out of seven under-five death globally. It is the single leading cause of death ...

    Authors: Leweyehu Alemaw Mengstie
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:231
  20. The continuous increase in the resistance of pathogenic bacteria to antimicrobial agents elicits a source of concern for public health. Developing a method that allows for swift evaluation of the antibiotic se...

    Authors: Olamide Joshua Babatunde, Ayomide Faith Okiti, Michael Tosin Bayode, Samson Oloruntola Babatunde and Ayo Mercy Olaniran
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:230
  21. The production of a good quality chest radiograph depends on the selection of appropriate kilovoltage and current–time product while keeping the radiation dose to patients as low as possible. This study assess...

    Authors: Emmanuel O. Esien-umo, Ndubuisi O. Chiaghanam, Akwa E. Erim, Michael Effa and Nneoyi O. Egbe
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:229
  22. During the mushroom production process, about one-fifth of the mushroom gets lost. The mushroom residues (MR) are rich in nutrients and can be utilized in diverse applications. Therefore, the goal of this rese...

    Authors: Mariam A. Amer, El-Sayed A. E. Ali and Victor M. Dawood
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:228
  23. Medicinal plants have been the mainstay for the treatment of various diseases since antiquity. The importance of ethnomedicinal plants in drug discovery and development can never be overemphasized. Breonadia sali...

    Authors: Uwaisu Iliyasu, Hajara Ibrahim, Umar Adamu Katsayal, Sani Ismaila Muhammad, Sani Shehu, William N. Setzer, Javad Sharifi-Rad and Ahmad Faizal Abdull Razis
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:227
  24. The present title is aiming to study the effects of trachyte additions on the sinterability of the ceramic tiles. Four batches were designed with different trachyte/clay ratios from 10 to 40% and 3% of bentonite.

    Authors: A. I. M. Ismail, M. S. Elmaghraby and B. N. A. Shalaby
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:226
  25. Pirin, a member of the cupin superfamily, is an iron-binding non-heme protein. It acts as a coregulator of several transcription factors, especially the members of NFκB transcription factor family. Based on th...

    Authors: Auroni Semonti Khan, Nahid Parvez, Tamim Ahsan, Sabrina Samad Shoily and Abu Ashfaqur Sajib
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:225
  26. Wild potato species harbor a distinctive rhizosphere microbiome relative to their modern counterparts, thus providing a competitive advantage for acquiring phosphorus (P) in their native habitats. Despite this...

    Authors: Hugo A. Pantigoso, Yanhui He, Daniel K. Manter, Steven J. Fonte and Jorge M. Vivanco
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:224
  27. Piliostigma reticulatum is a plant traditionally used to treat malaria, smallpox, neuralgia, dysentery, diarrhea, and rheumatism in Northern Nigeria. There is no scientific evidence to support the antimalarial ac...

    Authors: Safiya Shehu Abdulkadir, Abubakar Ibrahim Jatau, Umar Sharif Abdussalam, Lawal Alhassan Bichi, Bilyaminu Abubakar and Sani Malami
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:223
  28. Probiotics are beneficial microorganisms that alter microbial flora to promote human and animal health by ameliorating the physiological and psychological hitches and distress. The aim of the study was to inve...

    Authors: Jimoh Abdulazeez, Muhammad Zainab and Aliyu Muhammad
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:221
  29. The conservation of natural populations of plants is very important for maintaining biological diversity. Lycium barbarum (goji berries) is classified as a very rare plant in the Egyptian flora. Goji berry is a f...

    Authors: Manal El-salato Ala El-naby Ahmed
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:220
  30. Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by interactions between bacterial infection and host response. Nutrition education plays an important role in preventing oral health diseases and related ...

    Authors: Mahsa Babaei, Jeanne Freeland-Graves, Prageet K. Sachdev and Gary J. Wright
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:219
  31. Distinguishing between a pituitary adenoma and a pituicytoma can be challenging. Hormonal changes in pituicytomas are uncommon, and the tumor's mass effect has triggered most symptoms. There were only two repo...

    Authors: Magdelene Amoateng, Eiman Ibrahim, Yasir Ahmad, Anoush Calikyan and Ilja Hulinsky
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:218
  32. Diabetes, a cardiometabolic condition with social and health ramifications, is already a global epidemic. Diabetes affects 422 million people worldwide, with the majority living in middle- and low-income count...

    Authors: Ezekiel A. Olugbogi, Damilola S. Bodun, Shola D. Omoseeye, Anita O. Onoriode, Favour O. Oluwamoroti, Joshua F. Adedara, Isaac A. Oriyomi, Fatimat O. Bello, Favour O. Olowoyeye, Oluwatomilola G. Laoye, Damilola B. Adebowale, Aanuoluwapo D. Adebisi and Olaposi I. Omotuyi
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:217
  33. The commercial cultured milk drinks contain either single or mixed probiotic species and supply in different serving sizes. It is known that different combinations of probiotics might provide the various produ...

    Authors: Yun Khoon Liew, Kyan Aung, Li Li Chan, Sandhya Baskaran and Siew Thong Mak
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:216
  34. The increase in the demand for synthetic drugs due to the surge in the cases of drug-resistant infectious organisms has led to the search for new medicines in plants. Some plants have phytochemicals that can serv...

    Authors: O. M. Oyawoye, T. M. Olotu, S. C. Nzekwe, J. A. Idowu, T. A. Abdullahi, S. O. Babatunde, I. A. Ridwan, Gaber E. Batiha, Nike Idowu, Mohammed Alorabi and Hani Faidah
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:214
  35. Leptin exerts both protective and deleterious effects on the heart; the first occurs under hypoxia- or ischemia-associated damage, the second is a pro-hypertrophic factor on cardiomyocytes. Therefore, leptin c...

    Authors: Wendy Natalia Rosado Loman, Jarumi Hishel Cruz Hernández, Nancy Patricia Gómez-Crisóstomo, Erick N. de la Cruz-Hernández, Carlos Francisco Aguilar-Gamas and Eduardo Martínez-Abundis
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:213
  36. The development of barotrauma in COVID-19 patients who were ventilated and admitted to the intensive treatment unit seemed to have been a problematic issue in the COVID era. This study aimed to explore the pos...

    Authors: Roopak Dubey, Kamal Kumar Sen and Aparajita Mishra
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:212
  37. Abnormal thyroid hormone levels have been reported in type 2, but the relationship between thyroid hormone levels and glycaemic indices: fasting plasma glucose (FPG), C-peptide (C-pep) and glycated haemoglobin...

    Authors: Idongesit Kokoabasi Isong, Christopher E. J. Udiong and Uwem Okon Akpan
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:211
  38. In 2003, the first case of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) was recorded. Coronaviruses (CoVs) have caused a major outbreak of human fatal pneumonia. Currently, there is no specific dru...

    Authors: David Ebuka Arthur, Benjamin Osebi Elegbe, Augustina Oyibo Aroh and Mahmoud Soliman
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:210
  39. Approximately 69% of population in Tanzania lacks better sanitation, while 45.6% lacks access to clean and safe water. To leverage this shortage, several technologies have been used for purifying water from va...

    Authors: Faraja Evod Komba, Christina Fabian, Elianaso Elimbinzi and Godlisten N. Shao
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:208
  40. The aim of this study is to evaluate an experimental tricalcium silicate phase (C3S) and tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) material to be used as a root canal furcation perforation repair. C3S and TTCP phases were sy...

    Authors: M. M. Radwan and M. E. Khallaf
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:207
  41. Coconut water is a relished beverage traditionally used as a remedy for childhood diarrhoea and gastroenteritis. It can be given to an individual who has hangover or suspected to have ingested a toxic substanc...

    Authors: Okezie Emmanuel, Ifeanyichukwu Elekwa, Chidiebere Paul-Joseph, Victor C. Ude, Ozioma G. Egedeuzu, Solomon N. Ijioma, Victor Obioma Amachaghi, Chikezie Uche-Ikonne and Eziuche A. Ugbogu
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:206
  42. Preparation of Ipomoea asarifolia (Desr.) (Convolvulaceae) is widely used in traditional African medicine for the treatment of different kinds of ailments such as syphilis, malaria, convulsions and rheumatism.

    Authors: Samaila S. Chiroma, Abdullahi Balarabe Nazifi, Jamilu Ya’u, Musa Aliyu, Lawal A. Bichi and Samaila M. Chiroma
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:205
  43. High-fat diet (HFD) has been linked to oxidative stress, dyslipidaemia, obesity and cardiovascular diseases. Studies have shown that medicinal plants have antioxidant properties and may have protective effects...

    Authors: Osebhahiemen Ibukun and Ehimwenma S. Omoregie
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:204
  44. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between cardiac troponin I and T (cTnI, cTnT) and creatine kinase (CK)-MB during the acute phase of Kawasaki disease (KD) and the development of coronary artery in...

    Authors: Mahdieh Mousavi Torshizi, Seyed-Reza Raeeskarami, Fatemeh Tahghighi, Elaheh Malakan-Rad, Mohammad-Hassan Moradinejad, Yahya Aghighi and Vahid Ziaee
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:203
  45. Growth and development of the dental arch is considered a continuous and complex biological process. During transition from primary to mixed then to permanent dentition, dental arch form, length and width vary...

    Authors: Rasha F. Sharaf, Ehab Radwan, Ghada A. Salem and Mohamed Abou El-yazeed
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:201
  46. This study evaluated the heavy metal identity and content of registered Thai Traditional medicine (TTM) preparations in Thailand to ensure consumer safety.

    Authors: Sornkanok Vimolmangkang, Dolly Rani, Naruemon Prestwong, Chayanis Sutcharitchan and Duangkamol Pakdeesattayapong
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2022 46:200

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