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  1. The genus Entamoeba has many species that are invasive or non-invasive (E. histolytica, E. dispar, and E. moshkovskii).The invasive E. histolytica is the main pathogenic amoeba in human. Amoebiasis involves sever...

    Authors: Athraa Abd-ulameer Al-Hilfi, Maha Khalil Al-Malak and Muslim Abd-ulrahman Al-Tomah
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:166
  2. No-tillage is considered as a promising alternative for conventional farming by saving energy input and time, reducing groundwater pollution, and counteracting soil erosion and losses of soil-organic matter. T...

    Authors: Ashutus Singha, Md. Arifur Rahaman, Md. Abu Sayem Jiku, Muhiuddin Faruquee, Md. Ashraful Alam and Shata Rupa Sinha
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:165
  3. Algal biomass fermentation is one of the promising alternatives for bioethanol production. The bioethanol yield relies on fermentation conditions as the algal biomass amount, the yeast volume (% v/v), and the ...

    Authors: Samar A. El-Mekkawi, Sayeda M. Abdo, Farag A. Samhan and Gamila H. Ali
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:164
  4. The purpose of this study is to use shotgun next-generation sequencing to unravel the microbial community structure of an agricultural soil, decipher the effects of mercury contamination on the structure of th...

    Authors: Lateef Babatunde Salam, Halima Shomope, Zainab Ummi and Fatima Bukar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:163
  5. Chlorella vulgaris (CV) is a natural source of functional antioxidants capable of protecting against oxidative stress; its dietary supplementation in animals can serve as a way of improving animals’ performance a...

    Authors: A. B. Sikiru, A. Arangasamy, I. C. Alemede, S. S. A. Egena and R. Bhatta
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:162
  6. Electrophoretic SDS-PAGE and SCoT-PCR techniques were used to study the fingerprints and genetic diversity of six Egyptian soybean (Glycine max L.) genotypes (Giza111, Giza21, Giza82, Giza35, Giza22, and Giza83).

    Authors: Walaa A. Rayan and Samira A. Osman
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:161
  7. Economics and human safety to avoid health risks caused by fungicides are materializing new era of biological pest control. Trichoderma species ranked high among other agents to control complex black root rot dis...

    Authors: Farid Abd-El-Kareem, Ibrahim E. Elshahawy and Mahfouz M. M. Abd-Elgawad
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:160
  8. Numerous predatory insects were recorded on different plants; some were fed on the floral nectar and others as visitors. Other insects used any plant as a shelter or associated with their prey. Pollinators and...

    Authors: Mohamed Ahmed Gesraha, Amany Ramadan Ebeid and Atef Abd El-Rahman Ali
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:159
  9. In India, the sand roasting technique is widely used by street food vendors, villagers and cottage industries for making various value-added food products from different cereals, millets and legumes. The tradi...

    Authors: Aruna Jyothi Kora
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:158
  10. This research was aimed to study the structure of actual investment costs and operating and maintenance costs for raising and distributing ground water through the use of different irrigation methods and for e...

    Authors: Hani El-Shatla, Eman A. Ahmed, Reda Essa and Manal F. Mohamed
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:157
  11. Today, the using of diode lasers in dentistry has made a significant progress; it increased the speed of treatment, decreased the time of healing, and showed a bactericidal effect. The thermal effects should b...

    Authors: Doaa M. Sadony and Karim Montasser
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:155
  12. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is one of the important vegetable crops infected by Meloidogyne incognita all over the world, including Egypt. Chemical nematicides frequently cause environmental pollution and tox...

    Authors: Wafaa M. A. El-Nagdi and Hassan Abd-El-Khair
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:154
  13. The constituents of sweet lemon essential oil (EO) have different biological and medical properties. The exploitation of sweet lemon residues in the production of EO is an important means of increasing natural...

    Authors: Khalid A. Khalid, Ahmed E. El-Gohary and Aisha M. A. Ahmed
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:152
  14. Implementation of a mandatory insurance scheme depends on several issues, and among them are regulation, management, and program design which are very crucial. Sometimes a well-designed insurance scheme cannot...

    Authors: Shaik Sayed Md Rashidul Hossain and Shoaib Mohammad Salman
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:151
  15. Finite element analysis was used to evaluate the stress distribution, estimate the residual stresses, bending, and amount of displacement of two nickel-titanium instruments manufactured by the same M-wire tech...

    Authors: Nada Omar, Amira Galal Ismail, Manar Galal, Mohamed H. Zaazou and Mohamed Abdullah Mohamed
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:148
  16. Agricultural water resources have been limited over the years due to global warming and irregular rainfall in the arid and semi-arid regions. To mitigate the water stress in agriculture, mulching has a crucial...

    Authors: Mohammad Abdul Kader, Ashutus Singha, Mili Amena Begum, Arif Jewel, Ferdous Hossain Khan and Nazrul Islam Khan
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:147
  17. Ocular toxocariasis is considered a parasitic disease of major socioeconomic importance. In spite of the high prevalence of human toxocariasis (up to 84%) among Egyptian patients, the incidence of ocular toxoc...

    Authors: Nagwa Mostafa El-Sayed and Nagham Gamal Masoud
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:146
  18. Natural silk is one of the best yarns that attract large number of users and become a very important industry. Mulberry leaves is a natural food of silkworm, therefore scientists have recently incorporated met...

    Authors: Mahmoud S. I. Saad, Walaa M. M. Helaly and El-Sayed A. El-Sheikh
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:145
  19. Due to rapid development of microbial resistance against chemotherapeutic agents (mostly antibiotics), it has become essential currently to screen effective, safe, cheap, and available therapeutics from variou...

    Authors: Nagwa M. Atef, Sanaa M. Shanab, Sahar I. Negm and Yasmeen A. Abbas
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:144
  20. Burullus Lake has received a great attention because of its environmental and economic importance for connecting with the Mediterranean Sea through El Boughaz opening. Some of the chemical analyses were perfor...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Melegy, Mohamed S. El-Bady and Husein I. Metwally
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:143
  21. The increased prevalence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents with its complications, especially microvascular ones (retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy) that affect the expectancy of t...

    Authors: Zeinab Mohammed Monir, Mona Hussein El Samahy, Ehab Mohammed Eid, Abla Galal Khalifa, Soheir abd-El Mawgood abd-ElMaksoud, Mohamed Abdel Moneim Abbas and Hend Helmy Abd El Ghaffar
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:142
  22. Rutin is one of the flavonoid compounds found in different plant species. Rutin has powerful antioxidant properties. The main target of this study is to elevate rutin content in gardenia (Gardenia jasmonides Elli...

    Authors: Amal Abd El-Latif El-Ashry, Ahmed Mohamed Magdy Gabr, Nermeen Mohamed Arafa and Mohamed Kamal El-Bahr
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:141
  23. Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of kidney failure worldwide. NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) is an obvious cause for reactive oxygen species production in the kidney mainly via renin-angiotensin system. High ...

    Authors: Shymaa A. Maher, Loaa A. Tag Eldeen, Dahlia I. Badran and Taher I. Elserafy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:140
  24. Wheat is the main cultivated crop and the highest cereal used up by humans in Iraq. Two Fusarium species causing Fusarium head blight (FHB) disease on wheat has been detected only in the middle of Iraq, and Fusar...

    Authors: Mohammed Hussein Minati and Mohanad Khalaf Mohammed-Ameen
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:139
  25. Bio-fertilizers as a safe alternative to the synthetic fertilizers come to the front in the agriculture requirements as they provide the planted crops with their nutrients to ensure high quality and productivi...

    Authors: Rania T. Ali, Enas M. Abdel-Ghany, Fawzia I. Mohamed, Evon M. Hanna and Zeinab M. Elashery
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:138
  26. The World Health Organization (WHO) encourages using medicinal herbs and plants to substitute or minimize the use of chemicals through the global trend to go back to nature. Many studies mentioned that using m...

    Authors: Hamed A. A. Omer, Gamal M. H. El-Mallah, Soha S. Abdel-Magid, Neamat I. Bassuony, Sawsan M. Ahmed and Abdel Khalek A. El-Ghamry
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:137
  27. Lignocellulose biomass such as agricultural residues is increasingly important for biofuel production. Using agricultural residues like rice straw for biofuel production has dual purposes of utilizing the huge...

    Authors: Bahiru Tsegaye, Chandrajit Balomajumder and Partha Roy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:136
  28. Tracheal intubation is the second most dangerous procedures reflected in the ICU. It includes passing a plastic tube named endotracheal tube (ET) through the vocal cords into the trachea. Errors of this proced...

    Authors: Ahmed Sabry S. Abdoon, Alaaeldin A. Soliman, Said I. Fathalla, Shaban Gadallah, Omaima M. Kandil and Ashraf H. Shaalan
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:135
  29. Certain substances with some physical and chemical activities can be used to decrease the transpiration rate and alleviate plant water stress through rising leaf resistance to the diffusion of water vapor. Whe...

    Authors: Maha Mohamed Shater Abdallah, Hala Mohamed Safwat El-Bassiouny and Mohamed Aly AbouSeeda
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:134
  30. Sowing time and suitable planting media are considered basic requirements to get the maximum yield and high profit for their direct and significant impact on seedlings quality and productivity of trees later. ...

    Authors: Thanaa Sh. M. Mahmoud, E. K. Nabila, M. S. Abou Rayya and R. A. Eisa
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:133
  31. The present study was planned to estimate the heavy metal concentrations in water samples and fish tissue residue (liver and muscle) of cultured Oreochromis niloticus as well as metallothionein (MT) gene expressi...

    Authors: Shenouda M. Girgis, Dalia M. Mabrouk, Magdy I. Hanna and Amira Abd ElRaouf
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:131
  32. Microalgae, the third-generation source of biofuel have invaluable bio-refineries such as carotenoids. The accumulation of carotenoids in the algal cell is based on several parameters during algal growth. Some...

    Authors: Samar A. El-Mekkawi, H. S. Hussein, S. A. Abo El-Enin and N. N. El-Ibiari
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:130
  33. The use of phytogenic feed supplement is now being considered in broiler production for enhancing their performance and health status. In this 42-day feeding trial, the effects of a diet supplemented with pawp...

    Authors: O. D. Oloruntola
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:129
  34. This study investigates the effects of nano-curcumin on gene expression of insulin and insulin receptor in diabetic rats. Forty female rats were divided into four groups (ten rats for each). The first group wa...

    Authors: Weaam Gouda, Naglaa A. Hafiz, Lamiaa Mageed, Ahmed S. Alazzouni, Wagdy K. B. Khalil, Mie Afify and Mohamed D. E. Abdelmaksoud
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:128
  35. Gastrointestinal parasitic diseases remain an obstacle in goat industry in Egypt and worldwide. This study was conducted for assessing the prevalence of the gastrointestinal parasitic infections among goats in...

    Authors: Noha M. F. Hassan, Tarek K. Farag, Nadia M. T. Abu El Ezz and Hala A. A. Abou-Zeina
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:127
  36. High temperature is a crucial problem in growing good crops of high temperature-sensitive vegetables including tomato. Therefore, this study was carried out to investigate the effects of pre-sowing heat treatm...

    Authors: Sohair K. Ibrahim and Lulwa A. El-Muqadam
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:126
  37. The present study deals with mineralogy, diagenesis, and their impact on chemical composition for early Paleozoic, Cambro-Ordovician, (Adediya and Abu Hamata formations) and late Paleozoic, early Carboniferous...

    Authors: S. D. Abayazeed, A. M. Ibrahim, Abdalla Soliman Alshami and D. A. Saadawy
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:124
  38. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are type I integral transmembrane receptors involved in recognition and conveying of pathogens to the immune system. These receptors are located either on cell surfaces or within end...

    Authors: Salwa Refat El-Zayat, Hiba Sibaii and Fathia A. Mannaa
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:123
  39. The potato tuber moth (PTM), Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is an important pest. It attacks several cultivated solanaceous plants including potato (Solanum tubersum), tobacco (Nicot...

    Authors: Aziza Mohamed Fouad Sharaby, Mohamed Ahmed Gesraha and Sahar Ahmed Baker Fallatah
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:122
  40. Zinc deficiency in children with cholestatic liver diseases could affect growth and immunity. Zinc supplementation is one of the strategies to prevent the consequences of zinc deficiency in children. We aimed ...

    Authors: Nehal Abdelhamid, Aliaa Wahby and Manal E. Kandil
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:121
  41. The function of cathelicidins-4 (CATH4) is not limited to microbial killing, but extends to other aspects of immunity and tissue repair. The presence of different CATH4 variants including intron retention affects...

    Authors: Ahlam A. Abou Mossallam, Soheir M. El Nahas, Esraa A. Balabel, El Hassan T. Shahwan and Noha M. Osman
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:116
  42. The continuous spread of multidrug-resistant and new strains of disease-causing microbe have become a great concern to the world health community. There is therefore the need for the development of new and eff...

    Authors: Abiche Ekalu, Rachael Gbekele-Oluwa Ayo, James D. Habila and Ibrahim Hamisu
    Citation: Bulletin of the National Research Centre 2019 43:115

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