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Table 7 Effect of the treatment with tested compounds on superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme of citrus orchard

From: Characterization and insecticidal activity of two natural formulation types against the scale insect (Parlatoria ziziphi) and their biochemical effects on Citrus aurantium

Enzyme activity (U/g fresh w./h) Treatment Days after treatment
Before spray 7 14 21
EC Nano EC Nano EC Nano
SOD Control 800 ± 8 828 ± 16aa   812 ± 52a   826 ± 20a  
Active Cable 827 ± 29 445.33 ± 132c   465 ± 41ef   527 ± 17d  
Laury 3% 811 ± 23 397.33 ± 9.9 cd 638 ± 15.1b 495 ± 3de 628 ± 14c 593 ± 45 cd 602 ± 56c
Laury 5% 813 ± 7 225.33 ± 7.1e 628 ± 10.6b 426 ± 10f 616 ± 10c 587 ± 41c 592 ± 52 cd
Artemisia 3% 794 ± 26 432 ± 79.7c 659.33 ± 20.8b 596 ± 16c 686 ± 2b 690 ± 10b 650 ± 30bc
Artemisia 5% 823 ± 63 322 ± 64.1d 633.33 ± 23.2b 510 ± 20d 620 ± 2c 583 ± 53 cd 612 ± 42c
LSD0.05b NSc 92.69   66.62   110.99  
  1. Each value represents the mean of three replicates ± standard deviation
  2. aMeans with different letters within each interval were significantly different at the 0.05 level (Duncan’s multiple range test)
  3. bLeast significant difference at 0.05 level of probability
  4. cNon-significant difference at 0.05 level