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Table 6 Average percentages of reduction in insect population of Parlatoria ziziphi as a result of spraying certain essential oils as emulsions and nanoemulsions

From: Characterization and insecticidal activity of two natural formulation types against the scale insect (Parlatoria ziziphi) and their biochemical effects on Citrus aurantium

Tested formulations Insect stage Concentration EC emulsions Nanoemulsions
Reduction% Average of reduction Reduction% Average of reduction
Laury Females 3% 94.15 92.79aa 33.61 50.02c
Nymphs 91.44 66.42
Females 5% 97.66 94.94a 38 55. 32c
Nymphs 92.23 72.65
Artemisia Females 3% 94.79 74.97b 35.71 43.71d
Nymphs 55.16 51.72
Females 5% 96.87 91.52a 37.39 54.01c
Nymphs 86.17 70.63
Active Cable Females 1% 95.20 91.74a 95.20 91.74a
Nymphs 88.29 88.29
LSD0.05b     5.66   5.66
  1. aMeans coupled by the same letter in rows or columns do not differ significantly at 5% level of probability (Duncan test)
  2. bLeast significant difference at 0.05 level of probability