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Table 4 Insect females of Parlatoria ziziphi affected by application of two formulation types based on the plant essential oils in citrus orchards

From: Characterization and insecticidal activity of two natural formulation types against the scale insect (Parlatoria ziziphi) and their biochemical effects on Citrus aurantium

Treatments Concentration Formulation type Live individuals Grand mean Reduction%
Pre spraying After spraying (Days)
7 14 21
Laury 3% EC emulsions 1040.3 10.93 22.13 67.2 62ea 94.15a
5% 1020.93 12.93 15.74 44.27 24.31e 97.66a
Artemisia 3% 1017.67 16.73 59.73 85.67 54.04e 94.79a
5% 1019.93 14.67 28.13 54.8 32.53e 96.87a
Active Cable 1% 1025 17.8 24.53 108.1 50.14e 95.2a
Laury 3% Nanoemulsion 1043.65 782.80 704.46 633.84 707.03b 33.61b
5% 1056.71 739.67 665.29 598.82 667.93bc 38b
Artemisia 3% 984.78 985.89 492.39 458.17 645.48 cd 35.71b
5% 944.66 897.42 472.33 439.18 602.98d 37.39b
Control 1026 1036 1043 1059 1046a ––
LSD0.05b NSc     46.26 5.62
  1. aMeans coupled by the same letter in a column do not differ significantly at 5% level of probability (Duncan test)
  2. bLeast significant difference at 0.05 level of probability
  3. cNon-significant difference at 0.05 level of probability