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Table 3 Factors responsible for sleep disorders among Egyptian female and male public officials in a logistic regression model

From: The prevalence and determining factors of sleep disorders vary by gender in the Egyptian public officials: a large cross-sectional study

  Female public officials Male public officials
Univariate OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)a Univariate OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)a
Age 0.98 (0.97–0.99)* 0.98 (0.97–1.00)* 0.96 (0.95–0.97)* 0.96 (0.95–0.98)*
Residence
 Rural (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Urban 1.33 (1.06–1.68)* 1.24 (0.95–1.61) 1.73 (1.30–2.31)* 1.54 (1.10–2.17)*
Education
  ≤ High school (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Vocational 2.14 (1.35–3.38)* 1.74 (1.06–2.83)* 1.11 (0.73–1.69) 0.77 (0.49–1.23)
 University or above 2.45 (1.64–3.66)* 1.69 (1.03–2.76)* 1.25 (0.88–1.78) 0.59 (0.36–0.97)*
Occupation
 Professional (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Clerk 0.65 (0.49–0.86)* 0.93 (0.66–1.31) 0.86 (0.62–1.18) 0.92 (0.64–1.34)
 Manual or technical 0.68 (0.46–1.00)* 0.94 (0.57–1.55) 0.77 (0.51–1.17) 0.81 (0.48–1.39)
Household income
 Lowest (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Middle 1.40 (107–1.84)* 1.26 (0.92–1.71) 1.47 (1.02–2.14)* 1.34 (0.91–2.64)
 Highest 3.08 (1.55–6.09)* 3.64 (1.71–7.73)* 1.91 (0.61–5.96) 1.65 (0.49–5.57)
Smoking
 Never (ref) 1.00   1.00  
 Former 0.70 (0.08–6.31)   1.06 (0.77–1.45)  
 Current 0.70 (0.08–6.31)   0.83 (0.49–1.43)  
METs unit of physical activity 1.00 (0.99–1.01)   1.01 (0.99–1.02)  
Body mass index 1.03 (1.01–1.06)* 1.03 (1.01–1.07)* 1.03 (1.03–1.05)* 1.02 (1.01–1.07)*
Marital status
 Married (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Divorced 1.11 (0.56–2.18) 1.80 (0.67–4.80) 0.99 (0.22–4.40) 1.12 (0.21–5.57)
 Widowed 0.88 (0.52–1.49) 1.45 (0.61–3.50) 0.58 (0.08–4.54) 0.99 (0.11–9.02)
 Single 1.12 (1.83–1.53) 1.03 (0.48–2.20) 2.18 (1.43–3.33)* 1.10 (0.48–2.51)
Spouse employment
 No (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 0.52 (0.39–0.68)* 0.75 (0.53–1.08) 0.81 (0.60–1.09) 1.26 (0.89–1.79)
Family type
 Nuclear (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Multigeneration 1.05 (0.82–1.36) 0.85 (0.43–1.69) 1.49 (1.02–2.17)* 0.86 (0.44–1.68)
 Living alone 0.53 (0.15–1.84) 0.68 (0.16–2.86) 1.51 (0.56–4.07) 1.13 (0.33–3.83)
Total family members 0.94 (0.89–0.99)* 1.02 (0.95–1.10) 0.96 (0.91–1.02) 0.96 (0.87–1.06)
Minor family members 0.95 (0.88–1.03)   0.96 (0.88–1.03)  
Job hours 1.02 (0.96–1.09) 1.02 (0.94–1.11) 1.12 (1.06–1.20)* 1.04 (0.94–1.15)
Shift work
 No night shifts (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Night shifts 1.36 (1.02–1.82)* 1.15 (0.86–1.96) 1.31 (0.94–1.82) 1.29 (0.90–1.94)
Extra job
 No (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.61 (1.19–2.18)* 1.20 (0.85–1.68) 2.22 (1.66–2.98)* 1.60 (1.16–2.23)*
Job demands
 Low (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 High 2.77 (2.17–3.55)* 1.50 (1.01–2.26)* 2.38 (1.74–3.27)* 1.61 (1.02–2.39)*
Job control
 High (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low 2.88 (2.27–3.66)* 1.96 (1.31–2.94)* 2.40 (1.76–3.29)* 1.65 (1.09–2.74)*
Worksite social support
 High (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low 2.03 (1.62–2.54)* 1.08 (0.79–1.49) 2.16 (1.60–2.92)* 1.89 (0.56–3.42)
Family social support
 High (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low 1.80 (1.42–2.28)* 0.81 (0.57–1.16) 2.42 (1.74–3.37)* 1.63 (1.06–2.52)*
Chronic disease history
 No (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.35 (1.06–1.72)* 1.58 (1.19–2.10)* 1.32 (0.97–1.79) 1.47 (1.04–2.09)*
Depression history
 No (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.97 (1.48–2.63) 1.73 (1.27–2.36)* 2.97 (1.99–4.43)* 2.32 (1.49–3.61)*
  1. * p value < 0.05 indicating a significant association
  2. aAdjusted ORs (95%CIs) were estimated by a logistic regression model that simultaneously contained all the significant variables in the univariate analyses (variables that did not reach the level of statistical significance in the univariate analyses were excluded from the multivariable-adjusted model)