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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression analysis factors associated with pneumonia among under-five children

From: Prevalence of pneumonia and associated factors among children aged 6–59 months in Angolela Tera district, North Shoa, Ethiopia, 2021, community-based cross-sectional study

Variable Pneumonia (%) COR (95% CI) AOR(95%CI)
Yes No
Sex
 Male 5 19 3.91 (1.4310.70*) 4.1 (1.49–11.8)*
 Female 19 192 1 1
Stunting
 Yes 9 15 2.976 (1.27–6.97) 2.9 (1.16–7.60)*
 No 250 140 1 1
Family toilet
 Yes 5 19 1 1
 No 209 181 4.38 (1.60–11.9) 3.12 (1.09–8.94)*
Birth interval
 1 first child 11 107 1 1
 < 24 month 6 131 0.448 (0.168–1.193) 0.434 (0.158–1.19)
 ≥ 24 month 7 152 1.005 (0.330–3.067) 1.043 (0.33–0.32)
ANC
 Yes 5 19 1 1
 No 124 216 3.061 (1.12–8.36) 2.07 (1.16–7.6)*
Fever
 Yes 8 16 3.38 (7.91) 3.02 (1.23–7.40)
 No 243 147 1 1
Diarrhea before 2 week
 Yes 21 1   
 No 268 122 0.96 (1.13–0.71 0.13 (0.18–1.03)
  1. 1 = reference group
  2. *Significant at p value < 0.05
  3. ANC Ante natal care