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Table 2 Patient characteristics divided into delirium and no delirium

From: Delirium detection in hospitalized adults: the performance of the 4 'A's Test and the modified Confusion Assessment Method for the Emergency Department. A comparison study

  Total sample Delirium No delirium P value
  N = 116 % N = 8 6.9% ⃰ N = 108 93.1%  
Age in years .072
Median (IQ) 73.0 (56.3; 83.0) 83.0 (62.3; 87.0) 72.5 (56.3; 82.8)  
Range 19–98   54–96   19–98   
Sex 1.000
Female 49 42.2% 3 37.5% 46 42.6%  
Male 67 57.8% 5 62.5% 62 57.4%  
Neurocognitive impairment .167
Dementia 11 9.5% 2 25.0% 9 8.3%  
No dementia 105 90.5% 6 75.0% 99 91.7%  
Ward£ .345
Surgical wards 39 33.6% 1 12.5% 38 35.2%  
Medical wards 77 66.4% 7 87.5% 70 64.8%  
Medications
Neuroleptics 26 22.4% 3 37.5% 23 21.3% .376
Benzodiazepines 25 21.6% 1 12.5% 24 22.2% 1.000
Z-Drugs 18 15.5% 4 50.0% 14 13.0% 0.020
  1. IQ   interquartile Q1, Q3, %  percentage, Mann–Whitney-U-Test, Fishers exact Test, ⃰ assessed with the modified Confusion Assessment Method for the Emergency Department (gold standard)