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Table 6 Secondary metabolites identified in the organs of the most cited plant species used to prevent snakebites in Benin, West Africa

From: Traditional knowledge and phytochemical screening of plants used in snakebite prevention in Benin

Phytochemicals A* B C D E F G H I J
Alkaloids  +   +   +   +   +   +   + 
Tannins  +   +   +   +   +   +   +   +   + 
Catechic tannins  +   +   +   +   +   +   +   +   + 
Gallic tannins  +   + 
Flavonoids  +   +   + 
Anthocyanins
Leuco-anthocyanins  +   +   +   + 
Quinonic derivatives  +   + 
Steroids  +   +   +   + 
Triterpenoids  +   +   +   + 
Saponosides  +   +   +   +   +   + 
Mucilages  +   +   +   +   +   +   + 
Reductive Compounds  +   +   +   +   +   +   +   + 
Free anthracenes  +   +   +   + 
Proportion of presence 68.75 43.75 50 50 68.75 37.5 43.75 50 56.25 18.75
  1. *Legend: + means present; – means absent (Omara et al. 2021a). Plant species: A = Annona senegalensis; B = Tamarindus indica; C = Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen.; D = Parkia biglobosa; E = Ocimum gratissimum; F = Chenopodium ambrosioides; G = Momordica charantia; H = Piliostigma thonningii, I = Cymbopogon citratus; J = Allium cepa