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Table 2 Phytochemical constituents identified in root methanolic extracts of Solanum khasianum by GC–MS analysis and mass spectra of NIST database

From: GC–MS profiling and antibacterial activity of Solanum khasianum leaf and root extracts

RT Compound Kovats relative index Molecular formula Mwt Area Biological activity
4.84 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-methyl 1646 C5H9NO 99 0.87 Anticancer, antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, anticonvulsant, surfactant
5.34 d-Alanine, N-propargyloxycarbonyl-, isohexyl ester 1725 C13H21NO4 255 0.87 No activity reported
5.46 Pyrrolidine, 2-butyl-1-methyl 1072 C9H19N 141 2.06 No activity reported
6.41 4H-Pyran-4-one, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl- 1134 C6H8O4 144 1.0 Anti-diabetic, antioxidant, antibacterial, melanin production inhibitor
9.54 2-Methoxy-4-vinylphenol 1315 C9H10O2 150 2.52 Antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory
10.35 Eugenol 1356 C10H12O2 164 1.23 Antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory
11.20 Methyl (3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)(hydroxy)acetate 1700 C11H14O5 226 0.19 No activity reported
11.33 Benzaldehyde, 3-hydroxy-4-methoxy 1401 C8H8O3 152 0.87 Antimicrobial activity
12.50 1,3-Propanediol, 2-ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)- 1261 C6H14O3 134 5.86 Antioxidant, Antimicrobial
13.05 Ethanone, 1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) 1447 C9H10O3 166 4.92 Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, non-steroidal, enzyme inhibitor, food additive
14.95 Diethyl phthalate 1603 C12H14O4 222 5.53 Antimicrobial, antioxidant, plasticizer, estrogenic
16.25 1,2,3,5-Cyclohexanetetrol, (1α,2β,3α,5β) 1472 C6H12O4 148 6.39 No activity reported
16.77 α-Amino-3-hydroxy-4-methoxyacetophenone 2819 C9H11NO3 181 0.9 No activity reported
17.67 Ethanone, 1-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl) 1741 C10H12O4 196 0.98 Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, non-steroidal, enzyme inhibitors, food additive
17.87 4-((1E)-3-Hydroxy-1-propenyl)-2-methoxyphenol 1688 C10H12O3 180 0.31 Antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic
17.98 Tetradecanoic acid 1761 C14H28O2 228 1.85 Cancer preventive, antioxidant, nematicide, lubricant, hypocholesterolemic
18.95 Solavetivone 1779 C15H22O 218 0.78 Antibacterial, fungitoxic, antimicrobial, weak cytotoxic activity
19.47 Cycloprop[e]indene-1a,2[1H]-dicarboxaldehyde, 3a,4,5,6,6a,6b-hexahydro-5,5,6b-trimethyl-, [1aα,3aβ,6aβ,6bα]-[+] 1734 C15H20O2 232 0.33 No activity reported
19.81 Phthalic acid, isobutyl nonyl ester 2470 C21H32O4 348 1.13 Efficient in curing chronic cardiovascular, cerebrovascular diseases, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial
20.35 4,7-Methano-1H-indene, octahydro-2-(1-methylethylidene) 1078 C13H20 176 0.88 No activity reported
20.69 Bicyclo[4.3.0]nonane, 7-methylene-2,4,4-trimethyl-2-vinyl 1085 C15H24 204 0.54 No activity reported
21.36 n-Hexadecanoic acid 1975 C16H32O2 256 4.68 Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiandrogenic, hypocholesterolemic, nematicide, pesticide, hemolytic, 5-α reductase inhibitor, mosquito larvicide
23.45 Ergosta-7,22-dien-3-ol, [3β,22E] 3202 C28H46O 398 2.47 No activity reported
23.91 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid(Z,Z) 2134 C18H32O2 280 2.9 Anticarcinogenic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiatherogenic
24.02 cis-Vaccenic acid 2162 C18H34O2 282 9.07 Anticarcinogenic effect
25.52 Geranylgeraniol 2201 C20H34O 290 3.28 Anti-tumorigenic, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective
28.39 Stigmasterol 3170 C29H48O 412 23.18 Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, sedative activity
29.05 Methyl triacontanoate 3317 C31H62O2 466 3.0 No activity reported
29.25 Vitamin E 3111 C29H50O2 430 3.4 Anticancer, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiaging, analgesic, antidermatitic, antileukemia, antibronchitic, anticoronary, vasodilator, hepatoprotective, hypocholesterolemic, antiulcerogenic, antispasmodic
29.44 Octacosanoic acid, methyl ester 3112 C29H58O2 438 5.81 No activity reported
30.66 9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-3,24,25-triol, (3β,5Z,7E) 2642 C27H44O3 416 2.17 Biocide, anti-corrosion agents
30.66 Spirost-8-en-11-one, 3-hydroxy, -(3β,5α,14β,20β,22β,25R)- 3044 C27H40O4 428 2.17 Anticancer, Estrogenic, progesterogenic, anti-inflammatory