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Table 1 Patient demographic

From: The diagnostic utility of cystoscopy in assessing patients with persistent microscopic abnormalities of urinalysis

Variable N (%)
Total 552
Age median 61
Age range 22–93
Gender  
Male 319 (58)
Female 233 (42)
Ethnicity  
European 219 (40)
Pacific Islander 112 (20)
Maori 80 (14)
Asian 70 (13)
Indian 29 (5)
Others 27 (5)
Unknown 15 (3)
Imaging pre-cystoscopy  
USS 360 (65)
CT 77 (14)
USS and CT 87 (16)
None 28 (5)
Anticoagulant/antiplatelet  
Yes 146 (26)
No 406 (74)
Smoking history  
Current 77 (14)
Previous 121 (22)
Non-smoker 148 (27)
Unknown 206 (37)