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Table 6 Comparison of biochemical parameters at enrolment, 8 weeks, 6 months

From: A study to investigate variations in biochemical and nutritional profile among severely wasted children on medical nutrition therapy: a hospital-based study

  Enrolment (n = 52) 8 weeks (n = 45) 6 Months (n = 27)
Biochemical parameters
Serum Malondialdehyde (micromole/l)
 ≤ 3.0 0(0%) 6(13.3%) 7(25.9%)
 3.1–3.5 0(0%) 13(28.9%) 7(25.9%)
 3.6–4.0 0(0%) 17(37.8%) 8(29.6%)
 4.1–4.5 0(0%) 8(17.8%) 5(18.5%)
 4.6–5.0 1(1.9%) 0(0%) 0(0%)
 5.1–5.5 15(28.9%) 0(0%) 0(0%)
 5.6–6.0 22(42.3%) 1(2.2%) 0(0%)
 > 6.0 14(26.9%) 0(0%) 0(0%)
Vitamin C (mg/dl)
 < 0.30 (deficiency) 0(0%) 0(0%) 0(0%)
 0.4–0.6 (insufficiency) 52(100%) 4(8.9%) 5(18.5%)
 > 0.6 (sufficiency) 0(0%) 41(91.1%) 22(81.5%)
Serum cholesterol (mg/dl) (Daniels and Greer 2008; McNeal et al. 2013)
 Low(< 125) 29(55.8%) 4(8.9%) 1(3.7%)
 Borderline  Low(126–150) 19(36.5%) 17(37.8%) 10(37%)
 Desirable (151–170) 3(5.8%) 20(44.4%) 15(55.6%)
 Borderline(170–199) 1(1.9%) 4(8.9%) 1(3.7%)
 High (> 200) 0(0%) 0(0%) 0(0%)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) (35–80 mg/dl) (Daniels and Greer 2008; McNeal et al. 2013)
 Undesirable (< 35) 6(11.5%) 0(0%) 3(11.1%)
 Borderline (35–45) 30(57.7%) 8(17.8%) 15(55.6%)
 Desirable (46–55) 16(30.8%) 23(51.1%) 9(33.3%)
 Borderline high (56–70) 0(0%) 14(31.1%) 0(0%)
 Elevated (> 70) 0(0%) 0(0%) 0(0%)
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (mg/dl) (Daniels and Greer 2008; McNeal et al. 2013)
 Severely low (51–75) 40(76.9%) 15(33.3%) 9(33.3%)
 Borderline low (76–89) 9(17.3%) 19(42.2%) 12(44.4%)
 Acceptable (90–110) 3(5.8%) 11(24.4%) 6(22.2%)
 Borderline (111–129) 0(0%) 0(0%) 0(0%)
 Undesirable (≥ 130) 0(0%) 0(0%) 0(0%)
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 5–9 years (Daniels and Greer 2008; McNeal et al. 2013)
 Acceptable (50–75) 22(50%) 9(23.1%) 14(63.6%)
 Borderline(76–99) 17(38.6%) 20(51.3%) 8(36.4%)
 High (100–125) 4(9.1%) 8(20.5%) 0(0%)
 Severely high (≥ 125) 1(2.3%) 2(5.5%) 0(0%)
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 10–12 years (Daniels and Greer 2008; McNeal et al. 2013)
 Acceptable (50–90) 4(50%) 2(33.3%) 3(60%)
 Borderline (91–129) 3(37.5%) 4(66.4%) 1(20%)
 High (≥ 130) 1(12.5%) 0(0%) 1(20%)
Serum calcium (mg/dl)
 Low 8.0–8.4 16 (30.8%) 2(4.4%) 3 (11.1%)
 Normal8.5–8.9 26 (50%) 2(4.4%) 16 (59.3%)
 Normal 9.0–9.4 7 (13.5%) 20(44.4%) 8 (29.6%)
 Normal 9.5–9.9 3 (5.8%) 13 (28.9%) 0 (0%)
 Normal > 10 0(0%) 8 (17.8%) 0 (0%)
Serum magnesium (mg/dl)
 Low < 1.5 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Normal 1.5–1.7 32 (61.5%) 3 (6.7%) 1 (3.7%)
 Normal 1.8–2.2 20 (38.5%) 31 (68.9%) 22 (81.5%)
 Normal 2.3–2.6 0 (0%) 11 (24.4%) 4 (14.8%)