Skip to main content

Table 5 Anti-nutritional composition and phytate/mineral molar ratios (mol/kg) of therapeutic complementary foods

From: Nutritional, antioxidant and organoleptic properties of therapeutic-complementary-food formulated from locally available food materials for severe acute malnutrition management

Sample OG P0 P1 P2 P3
Flavonoid (mg/g) 8.22 ± 0.87a 4.37 ± 0.54c 3.75 ± 0.93c 7.50 ± 0.93b 6.72b ± 0.71
Tannin (mg/g) 0.13 ± 0.02d 2.47 ± 0.55c 2.55 ± 0.01c 2.78 ± 0.80b 2.86 ± 0.01a
Phenol (mg/g) 23.19 ± 1.07e 45.80 ± 0.65a 29.63 ± 1.50c 38.96 ± 0.59b 26.63 ± 1.80d
Trypsin conc. (mg/g) 0.66 ± 0.01d 3.08 ± 0.02a 3.02 ± 0.02b 3.04 ± 0.03b 1.58 ± 0.01c
Saponin (%) 30.46 ± 0.12a 2.66 ± 0.02e 10.10 ± 0.02d 18.85 ± 0.05c 24.16 ± 0.03b
Oxalate (%) 4.50 ± 0.02e 18.99 ± 0.10c 18.47 ± 0.07d 19.39 ± 0.03b 19.54 ± 0.02a
Phytic (%) 27.60 ± 2.06c 25.68 ± 7.26c 30.09 ± 2.05b 30.07 ± 1.23b 39.65 ± 1.65a
Phytate/Ca 0.001c 0.001c 0.002c 0.004b 0.007a
Phytate/Zn 0.136c 0.221a 0.077e 0.099d 0.139b
Phytate/iron 2.602a 0.041e 0.051d 0.094c 0.143b
Phytate*Ca/Zn 3.957b 6.237a 1.826c 1.219d 1.191e
Oxalate/Ca 0.004e 0.017d 0.019c 0.039b 0.057a
  1. Values are mean of three determinations ± standard deviation (n = 3). Values with the different superscript within the same row are significantly different from each other (p ≤ 0.05)
  2. Keys: P0 = Full fat milk 30%, peanut 25%, soybean oil 15%, sugar 28%, mineral mix 2%, P1 = Orange-fleshed sweet potato 26.5%, sorghum 26.5%, full fat milk 30%, soybean oil 5%, sugar 10%, moringa leaves 2%); P2 = Soycake 15%, Orange fleshed sweet potato 26.5%, sorghum 26.5%, full fat milk 15%, soybean oil 5%, sugar 10%, moringa leaves 2%; P3 = Soycake 30%, Orange fleshed sweet potato 26.5%, sorghum 26.5%, soybean oil 5%, sugar 10%, moringa leaves 2%) and OG (100% sorghum)
  3. [Phy/Ca =  > 0.24; Phytate/Fe =  > 0.15; Phytate/Zn =  > 15; Oxalate/Ca =  > 1; Phy*Ca/Zn =  > 200]
  4. *phytate: calcium > 0.24 (Morris and Ellis 1985), phytate: iron > 1 (Hallberg et al. 1989), phytate: zinc > 15 (Turnlund et al. 1984; Sandberg 1991), phytate: calcium/zinc > 200 (Davies et al. 1985; Bindra, et al. 1986; Gibson 2006)