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Table 3 Amino acid profile (g/100 g protein) of therapeutic complementary foods

From: Nutritional, antioxidant and organoleptic properties of therapeutic-complementary-food formulated from locally available food materials for severe acute malnutrition management

Samples OG P0 P1 P2 P3 *RV
Non-essential amino acids (NEAAs)  
Glycine 4.67b 5.71a 3.69e 4.18d 4.33c
Alanine 6.54a 2.86e 5.46d 5.52c 6.38b
Serine 7.14a 4.12e 5.77d 5.99c 6.32b
Proline 4.86a 3.03e 4.11d 4.27c 4.49b
Aspartic 9.30a 8.64b 8.11d 8.20c 8.65b
Cysteine 0.46b 1.97a 0.37e 0.40d 0.44c
Glutamic 13.96a 11.85e 12.75d 13.40c 13.64b
Threonine 4.46a 4.42b 3.54d 3.60c 3.40e
Tyrosine 2.96b 3.90a 2.37d 2.36d 2.79c
Arginine 4.23b 6.91a 3.97d 4.12c 4.13c
ƩNEAAs 58.58a 53.41c 50.14e 52.04d 54.57b
Essential amino acids (EAAs)  
Phenylalanine 4.44b 5.97a 3.25e 3.33d 3.51c 6.90
Histidine 1.89b 2.82a 1.84c 1.84c 1.86c 1.00
Methionine 2.17a 2.51c 1.88e 2.01d 2.16b 2.70
Threonine 4.46a 4.42b 3.54d 3.60c 3.40e 3.70
Valine 4.23a 3.59c 3.22e 3.52d 3.82b 3.80
Tryptophan 1.04b 2.25a 0.93d 0.94d 1.00c 1.25
Isoleucine 3.51b 3.59a 3.17e 3.31d 3.44c 3.10
Leucine 6.64b 7.56a 5.67d 5.93e 6.31c 7.30
Lysine 4.48a 4.45b 3.57d 3.84c 3.84c 6.40
ƩEAAs 28.40b 32.74a 23.53e 24.72d 25.94c  
Predicted nutritional qualities  
TEAA + His + Arg/TAA% 44.82b 54.43a 44.63c 44.66c 43.88d  
TEAA/TAA% 37.78b 43.13a 36.74d 36.89c 36.44e  
TNEAA/TAA% 62.22d 56.87e 63.26b 63.11c 63.56a  
TSAA(Meth + Cys) 2.63b 4.48a 2.25d 2.41c 2.60b  
ArEAA (Phe + Tyr) 7.40b 9.87a 5.62e 5.69d 6.30c  
TEAA/TNEAA 0.61b 0.76a 0.58c 0.59c 0.57c  
PER (g/100 g) 2.19b 2.63a 1.81e 1.90d 1.96c  
EAAI (%) 62.03b 72.69a 52.94e 59.85c 56.72d  
P-BV (%) 55.91b 67.53a 46.00e 53.53c 50.13d  
Nutritional index (%) 4.79e 12.70a 8.96d 9.77b 9.17c  
Arginine/lysine 0.94d 1.55a 1.11b 1.07c 1.08c  
BCAAs 14.38b 14.74a 12.06e 12.76d 13.57c  
  1. Mean values with the different superscript within the same row are significantly different from each other (p ≤ 0.05)
  2. Keys: P0 = Full fat milk 30%, peanut 25%, soybean oil 15%, sugar 28%, mineral mix 2%, P1 = Orange-fleshed sweet potato 26.5%, sorghum 26.5%, full fat milk 30%, soybean oil 5%, sugar 10%, moringa leaves 2%); P2 = Soycake 15%, Orange fleshed sweet potato 26.5%, sorghum 26.5%, full fat milk 15%, soybean oil 5%, sugar 10%, moringa leaves 2%; P3 = Soycake 30%, Orange fleshed sweet potato 26.5%, sorghum 26.5%, soybean oil 5%, sugar 10%, moringa leaves 2%) and OG (100% sorghum); BCAAs = Branch chain amino acids (Valine + Isoleucine + leucine); P-BV = Predicted biological value; EAAI = Essential amino acid index; PER = Protein efficiency ratio; ArEAA = Aromatic amino acids (Phenylalanine + Tyrosine); TSAA = Sulphur containing amino acids (Methionine + Cysteine); *RV (WHO/FAO 2004)