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Table 1 Qualitative phytochemical analysis of crude aqueous and methanol extracts of the leaves, roots and stems of Chasmanthera dependens

From: Antiplasmodial and in vitro antioxidant potentials of crude aqueous and methanol extracts of Chasmanthera dependens (Hochst)

Phytochemical Specific test CDLM CDSM CDRM CDLA CDSA CDRA
Tannins Ferric chloride test  +   +   +   +   +   + 
Saponins    +   +   +   +   +   + 
Alkaloids Wagner’s test
Dragendorff’s test
 +   +   +   +  ND  + 
Cardiac
Glycosides
Keller-Killani test  +   +   +   +   +   + 
Terpenoids Salkowski test  +   +   +   +   +   + 
Steroids Liebermann-Burchard test  +   +   +   +   +   + 
Phenols Ferric chloride test  +   +   +   +  ND  + 
Flavonoids Sodium hydroxide test  +   +   +   +   +   + 
Oxalate Oxalate test  +   +   +   +   +   + 
Phytate Colourimetric test  +   +   +   +   +   + 
  1.  + , present; ND, not detected; CDRM, C. dependens root methanol; CDLM, C. dependens leaves methanol; CDSM, C. dependens stem methanol; CDRA, C. dependens root aqueous; CDLA, C. dependens leaves aqueous; CDSA, C. dependens stem aqueous