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Table 3 Effect of Vitamin E and quercetin on sperm kinetics in lead acetate treated male Wistar rats (Values represent mean ± SEM)

From: Vitamin E and quercetin attenuated the reproductive toxicity mediated by lead acetate in male Wistar

Sperm kinetics Control Vit E Quercetin Pb Pb + Vit E Pb + Quercetin
Average path velocity (µm/s) 14.0 ± 0.41a 14.9 ± 0.31a 14.6 ± 0.46a 11.9 ± 0.79b 13.4 ± 1.07a, c 13.7 ± 0.79a, c
Curvilinear velocity (µm/s) 18.3 ± 0.51a 19.6 ± 0.75a 18.8 ± 0.66a 15.0 ± 1.64b 17.3 ± 1.81a 18.5 ± 1.63a, c
Straight-line velocity (µm/s) 7.4 ± 0.20a 7.6 ± 0.19a 7.5 ± 0.29a 6.6 ± 0.37a 6.8 ± 0.28a 7.3 ± 0.42a
Amplitude lateral head (µm) 0.63 ± 0.014a 0.68 ± 0.019a 0.66 ± 0.019a 0.54 ± 0.043a 0.61 ± 0.054a 0.64 ± 0.039a
Beat cross frequency (Hz) 2.6 ± 0.08a 2.8 ± 0.15a 2.7 ± 0.13a 2.0 ± 0.25a 2.3 ± 0.29a 2.7 ± 0.25a
Line moving (%) 36.7 ± 2.07a 40.0 ± 2.68a 37.0 ± 1.59a 28.0 ± 3.24a 31.0 ± 2.73a 32.7 ± 2.73a
Wobble (%) 78.7 ± 0.94a 76.2 ± 2.67a 77.7 ± 1.50a 81.4 ± 3.57a 78.0 ± 2.72a 75.2 ± 2.15a
Mean Move angle (°) 4.8 ± 0.21a 5.5 ± 0.36 a 5.2 ± 0.17a 4.2 ± 0.48a 4.8 ± 0.64a 5.5 ± 0.61a
  1. Means bearing different superscripts between groups differ significantly at p < 0.05