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Table 1 Effect of palm oil fractions on levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in tissue and serum of rats administered cadmium (μmol ml−1)

From: Palm oil extracts protected against cadmium chloride poisoning via inhibition of oxidative stress in rats

Tissues Experimental groups
1 2 3 4 5 6
Twelve hours
Liver 0.59 ± 0.03a 1.33 ± 0.12b 1.21 ± 0.18bd 0.87 ± 0.02c 1.24 ± 0.04bd 1.08 ± 0.10 cd
Kidney 0.70 ± 0.08a 1.27 ± 0.02b 0.94 ± 0.19ab 0.89 ± 0.12a 0.95 ± 0.22ab 0.96 ± 0.14ab
Heart 0.54 ± 0.27a 1.34 ± 0.22b 1.12 ± 0.08b 0.77 ± 0.11a 1.04 ± 0.04b 1.14 ± 0.09b
Brain 0.44 ± 0.15 0.48 ± 0.10 0.51 ± 0.11 0.47 ± 0.08 0.51 ± 0.19 0.39 ± 0.24
Muscle 0.63 ± 0.06a 0.83 ± 0.12ab 0.81 ± 0.15ab 0.84 ± 0.09ab 0.78 ± 0.08ab 0.87 ± 0.07b
Serum 0.56 ± 0.05a 0.92 ± 0.05b 0.73 ± 0.11c 0.82 ± 0.06b 0.71 ± 0.03c 0.82 ± 0.06b
Twenty four hours
Liver 0.85 ± 0.09a 2.72 ± 0.15b 1.55 ± 0.17c 1.40 ± 0.39c 1.76 ± 0.13c 1.12 ± 0.06ac
Kidney 0.82 ± 0.11a 2.85 ± 0.11b 1.17 ± 0.32a 1.08 ± 0.20a 1.00 ± 0.13a 1.04 ± 0.16a
Heart 0.54 ± 0.13a 2.71 ± 0.22b 1.40 ± 0.16c 1.41 ± 0.18c 1.50 ± 0.16c 1.66 ± 0.09c
Brain 0.49 ± 0.07 0.58 ± 0.19 0.64 ± 0.14 0.69 ± 1.00 0.46 ± 0.23 0.46 ± 0.29
Muscle 0.49 ± 0.05a 0.71 ± 0.12ab 0.68 ± 0.09ab 0.82 ± 0.08b 0.53 ± 0.09a 0.61 ± 0.06bc
Serum 0.63 ± 0.10a 1.52 ± 0.84b 0.83 ± 0.25ac 0.76 ± 0.04ac 0.99 ± 0.07c 0.86 ± 0.17ac
Forty eight hours
Liver 0.70 ± 1.07a 2.87 ± 0.16b 1.69 ± 0.81c 1.34 ± 0.18d 1.91 ± 0.11c 1.69 ± 0.08c
Kidney 0.72 ± 0.08a 2.80 ± 0.11b 1.45 ± 0.17c 1.35 ± 0.22c 1.76 ± 0.06d 1.18 ± 0.67c
Heart 0.54 ± 0.06a 2.67 ± 0.17b 1.46 ± 0.16c 1.51 ± 0.09c 1.46 ± 0.09c 1.70 ± 0.14c
Brain 0.43 ± 0.03a 0.93 ± 0.08b 0.66 ± 0.03c 0.75 ± 0.08c 0.53 ± 0.08c 0.63 ± 0.07c
Muscle 0.51 ± 0.05a 0.83 ± 0.05b 0.73 ± 0.07b 0.79 ± 0.06b 0.51 ± 0.05a 0.55 ± 0.07a
Serum 0.64 ± 0.06a 1.57 ± 0.06b 0.78 ± 0.07a 0.88 ± 0.07ad 0.99 ± 0.09c 0.96 ± 0.07 cd
  1. All values are expressed as Mean ± SD, values sharing different alphabet superscript on the same row showed a significant difference
  2. Key: 1 = Control, 2 = CdCl2, 3 = CF + CdCl2, 4  = GF + CdCl2, 5 = BF + CdCl2, 6 = UF + CdCl2