Skip to main content

Table 5 S. aureus prevalence in animal-related samples

From: Prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility and genotypic characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus in Tanzania: a systematic review

S. no

Prevalence S. aureus % (n)

Prevalence MRSA % (n)


Source of S. aureus isolates




Milk: 49% (49)

Cow nasal swabs: 28% (37)

Milk: 35% (17) Cow nasal swabs: 16% (6)

The study was carried out in 3 dairy farms (A, B and C) that belonged to Sokoine University of Agriculture. All farms were located within the same climatic zone. All 3 farms carried out mixed animal farming

Milk samples and cow nasal swabs

Morogoro (Eastern zone)

Kashoma et al. (2018)


41% (48)

4% (3)

The study involved 18 of the 29 Wards within Morogoro Municipality. In each of the selected wards, sales points and local shops where raw milk is sold were randomly selected. A total of 117 milk samples. The study was conducted between January and June 2015

Milk samples

Morogoro (Eastern zone)

Mohammed et al. (2018)


37% (217)


Study conducted between January and July 2014 on Unguja Island to establish prevalence of subclinical mastitis in smallholder dairy cows and pattern of antimicrobial susceptibility of major mastitis pathogens

Milk samples

Unguja (Zanzibar)

Suleiman and Mdegela (2018)


33% (30)


105 milk samples from smallholder dairy farmers, milk vendors and retailers were taken within Arusha City and Meru District to assess the quality of raw milk and stakeholders' awareness on milk-borne health risks and factors for poor milk hygiene

Milk samples

Arusha city and Meru district (Northern zone)

Ngasala et al. (2015


Pig nasal swabs 4% (4)

Dog nasal swabs 11% (11)

Pig swabs: 0%

Dog nasal swabs: 0%

100 pigs and 100 dogs dwelling in urban and peri-urban Morogoro Municipality

Nasal swabs

Morogoro (Eastern zone)

Katakweba et al. (2016)

  1. NR Not reported