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Table 4 Comparisons of biochemical parameters and body mass index in Sudanese with type 2 diabetes mellitus with regards the presence or absence of retinopathy (n = 115)

From: Association of interleukin-4 polymorphism with diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy in a Sudanese population

Parameters Presence of Retinopathy
(n = 49)
Absence of Retinopathy
(n = 66)
P value
Glucose (mg/dL) 164.35 ± 46.166 188.36 ± 93.474 0.073
HbA1c (%) 8.516 ± 2.2974 8.448 ± 1.8865 0.862
hs-CRP (mg/L) 21.186 ± 6.889 14.216 ± 3.520 0.481
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 213.51 ± 63.143 204.41 ± 55.675 0.415
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 129.98 ± 56.556 149.11 ± 62.239 0.093
HDL (mg/dL) 44.92 ± 8.691 43.48 ± 9.405 0.403
LDL (mg/dL) 113.35 ± 41.474 105.71 ± 35.134 0.288
BMI (kg/m2) 27.298 ± 4.325 28.111 ± 3.409 0.262
  1. Independent t-test was used
  2. P < 0.05 was considered significant
  3. HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin; hs-CRP, highly sensitive C-reactive protein; HDL, high- density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; BMI, body mass index