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Table 2 Fennel growth, yield parameters and fruit chemical composition affected by the biofertilizers during 2017/2018 and 2018/2019

From: Influence of herbicides under biofertilizer application on fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) yield and quality with special reference to herbicide residues

Biofertilizer treatments* Growth parameters Yield parameters Fruit chemical composition
Plant height F.W of plant (g) No. of branches/plant Umbels/plant Fruit yield/plant (g) Fruit yield (kg)/fed Oil% Oil Yield (ml)/plant Fruit Protein content (%)
1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd
F1 99.79 100.38 275.11 281.70 34.48 34.48 24.13 29.78 34.48 39.73 861.9 993.2 1.40 1.41 0.56 0.64 12.06 12.13
F2 101.23 103.57 346.74 352.79 43.27 43.27 30.29 36.13 43.27 48.64 1081.9 1216.1 1.57 1.62 0.74 0.86 12.88 12.92
F3 87.68 88.9 207.71 213.76 21.39 21.39 18.31 23.88 21.39 26.89 534.8 672.2 1.27 1.28 0.32 0.40 10.40 10.47
LSD at 5% 7.37 3.21 9.16 7.52 0.93 0.93 2.19 2.20 0.93 1.08 23.32 27.20 0.07 0.07 0.02 0.04 0.20 0.18
  1. *The three biofertilizer rates F1: 1:1:1, F2: 2:1:1 and F3: 1:1:2 (v/v/v) from the highly efficient bacterial strains of atmospheric nitrogen fixation, phosphorous dissolving and potassium solubilizing, respectively