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Table 4 Hematological and biochemical parameters of rat fed with malted finger millet-watermelon seed extruded breakfast meal

From: Extruded breakfast meal from malted finger millet (Eleusine coracana) and watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) seed flour: in-vivo nutritional qualities study

Parameters Basal Goldenmorn MFMWM90 MFMWM86 MFMWM82 MFMWM78 MFMWM75 NR*
PCV% 18.00 ± 0.03g 46.00 ± 0.30a 31.00 ± 0.07e 19.00 ± 0.04f 33.00 ± 0.03d 36.00 ± 0.06c 43.00 ± 0.06b 37.6–50.6
Hb (g/dl) 6.00. ± 0.02e 12.10 ± 0.05a 7.00 ± 0.05d 6.30 ± 0.05e 7.70 ± 0.01d 8.70 ± 0.02c 11.00 ± 0.02b 11.5–16.1
WBC (× 103mm−3) 4.03 ± 0.03b 5.03 ± 0.04a 4.00 ± 0.03b 4.00 ± 0.03b 3.00 ± 0.03c 5.00 ± 0.03a 5.00 ± 0.03a 6.6–12.6
RBC (× 103mm−3) 2.00 ± 0.01f 4.00 ± 0.07a 2.35 ± 0.20d 2.15 ± 0.14e 2.55 ± 0.15d 2.90 ± 0.10c 3.70 ± 0.10b 6.76–9.75
MCHC (g/dL) 33.30 ± 0.02c 33.60 ± 0.09a 33.30 ± 0.05c 33.10 ± 0.08d 33.40 ± 0.06b 33.40 ± 0.07b 33.30 ± 0.09c 28.2–34.1
MCH (pg) 30.00 ± 0.05c 30.20 ± 0.10b 33.30 ± 0.08a 29.30 ± 0.17d 30.20 ± 0.11b 30.00 ± 0.08c 33.30 ± 0.10a 16.0–33.1
MCV (fl) 70.00 ± 0.04a 70.00 ± 0.38a 69.30 ± 0.17b 68.30 ± 0.31c 70.10 ± 0.10a 69.60 ± 0.17b 69.10 ± 0.14b 50.0–77.8
Neutrophils (%) 36.00 ± 0.03e 21.00 ± 0.54g 50.00 ± 0.57a 39.00 ± 0.14d 41.00 ± 0.33c 42.00 ± 0.33b 30.00 ± 0.00f 5.3–38.1
Lymphocytes (%) 58.00 ± 0.04c 76.00 ± 0.19a 44.00 ± 0.05f 57.00 ± 0.13d 53.00 ± 0.57e 53.00 ± 0.03e 67.00 ± 1.15b 56.7–93.1
Monocytes (%) 3.00 ± 0.00b 3.00 ± 0.00b 3.00 ± 0.00b 0.00 ± 0.00d 2.00 ± 0.00c 5.00 ± 0.00a 3.00 ± 1.00b 0.00–7.7
Eosinophils (%) 3.00 ± 0.00b 0.00 ± 0.00c 3.00 ± 0.00b 4.00 ± 0.00a 3.00 ± 0.00b 0.00 ± 0.00c 0.00 ± 0.00c 0.0–3.4
Basophils (%) 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.0–0.4
Albumin (mg/dl) 1.00 ± 0.03g 3.00 ± 0.04f 5.31 ± 0.93d 6.95 ± 0.85c 8.53 ± 0.77b 11.24 ± 0.35a 5.14 ± 0.05e 3.80–5.00
Globulin (mg/dl) 3.03. ± 0.02g 12.10 ± 0.05d 7.78 ± 0.62f 10.16 ± 0.82e 12.48 ± 0.98c 16.44 ± 0.62b 26.34 ± 0.74a -
Total Protein (mg/dl) 4.03 ± 0.03g 15.10 ± 0.09e 13.10 ± 0.92f 17.11 ± 0.27d 21.02 ± 0.72c 27.68 ± 0.07b 31.48 ± 0.24a 6.00–8.00
Kidney function indices
 Urea (mg/dl) 1.00 ± 0.03d 2.90 ± 0.10a 2.91 ± 0.62a 0.81 ± 0.61e 1.75 ± 0.17b 1.63 ± 0.53c 2.91 ± 0.62a 7.00–20.00
 Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.90 ± 0.04a 0.40 ± 0.08e 0.65 ± 0.05c 0.79 ± 0.06b 0.67 ± 0.04c 0.51 ± 0.07d 0.59 ± 0.06d 0.20–0.80
Liver function indices
 AST (U/L) 96.00 ± 0.03a 21.00 ± 0.54f 23.04 ± 0.48e 58.69 ± 0.65d 66.52 ± 0.74c 79.82 ± 0.61b 79.56 ± 0.22b 45.70–80.80
 ALT (U/L) 18.00 ± 0.04c 22.00 ± 0.19b 11.78 ± 0.14d 22.03 ± 0.14b 21.78 ± 0.71b 29.46 ± 0.82a 29.46 ± 0.29a 17.50–30.20
 ALP (U/L) 73.00 ± 0.00f 83.00 ± 0.00e 83.64 ± 0.23e 87.40 ± 0.09d 90.76 ± 0.43c 110.96 ± 0.23b 116.36 ± 0.34a 56.80–128.00
  1. Means with different alphabetical superscripts in the same row are significantly different at P < 0.05
  2. Key: Basal (animal chow); Goldenmorn (commercial control breakfast meal); MFMWM90: Malted finger millet:Watermelon seeds (90.00:10.00%); MFMWM86: Malted finger millet:Watermelon seeds (86.25:13.75%); MFMWM82: Malted finger millet:Watermelon seeds (82.50:17.50%); MFMWM78: Malted finger millet:Watermelon seeds (78.75:21.25%) and MFMWM75: Malted finger millet:Watermelon seeds (75.00:25.00%)
  3. *NR: Giannini et al. (1999) and Diana (2007)