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Table 5 Mean ± SD of age, menopausal symptoms and female sex hormones among studied groups before and after dietary interventions

From: The effects of life style modification versus food supplementation on menopausal symptoms

Parameters Group I (no. = 47) Group II (no. = 49)
Mean ± SD % change Mean ± SD % change
Before After Before After
Age (years) 46.04 ± 5.88   46.91 ± 5.39  
Hot flushes (Freq/week) 10.60 ± 2.77 1.57 ± 1.10**a − 85.19 12.08 ± 2.93 10.07 ± 2.73 − 16.64**c
Night sweat (Freq/week) 9.00 ± 4.60 1.02 ± 1.19**a − 88.67 9.76 ± 4.14 9.18 ± 4.09 − 5.94**c
Total MRS 38.17 ± 5.29 8.17 ± 3.18**a − 78.60 36.4 ± 6.31 31.2 ± 5.87 − 14.29**c
Somatic subscale 7.06 ± 3.32 3.01 ± 1.27**a − 57.36 9.22 ± 3.21 7.17 ± 3.04 − 22.23**c
Psychiatric subscale 9.13 ± 2.97 1.43 ± 1.25**a − 84.34 8.6 ± 2.42 4.2 ± 1.33**b − 51.16**c
Urogenital subscale 8.74 ± 2.24 2.53 ± 1.46**a − 71.05 8.98 ± 2.61 8.14 ± 2.40 − 9.35**c
Waist circ. (cm) 97.83 ± 9.08 84.66 ± 8.41**a − 13.46 96.86 ± 9.13 94.17 ± 9.01 − 2.78**c
FSH (mIU/mL) 82.99 ± 16.19 42.62 ± 11.09**a − 48.64 84.8 ± 16.99 79.1 ± 14.32 − 6.72**c
Estradiol (pg/mL) 55.79 ± 2.31 78.17 ± 2.42**a  + 40.11 57.91 ± 3.64 59.94 ± 2.92  + 3.5**c
Free testosterone (pg/mL) 1.46 ± 0.70 1.19 ± 0.37 − 18.49 1.39 ± 0.62 1.39 ± 0.59
progesterone (ng/mL) 4.57 ± 1.57 4.60 ± 1.78  + 0.65 2.26 ± 0.93 2.31 ± 0.44  + 2.21
  1. aPaired t-test analysis of studied parameters before and after Rusk consumption in group I
  2. bPaired t-test analysis of studied parameters before and after the diet intervention in group II
  3. bComparison of studied parameters after the intervention between the two groups by Independent t-test analysis
  4. *Significant at p ≤ 0.05
  5. **High Significant at p ≤ 0.01
  6. Interpretation of the calculated score of MRS
  7. Total score of MRS
  8. 3–11____________________ Mild
  9. 12–22___________________ Moderate
  10. 23–33___________________ Severe
  11. Over 34__________________Very severe
  12. Somatic subscale
  13. 1–4____________________ Mild
  14. 5–8___________________ Moderate
  15. 9–12___________________ Severe
  16. Over 13__________________very severe
  17. Psychological subscale
  18. 1–4____________________ Mild
  19. 5–8___________________ Moderate
  20. 9–12___________________ Severe
  21. Over 13__________________Very severe
  22. Urogenital subscale
  23. 1–3____________________ Mild
  24. 4–6___________________ Moderate
  25. 7–9___________________ Severe
  26. Over 10__________________Very severe