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Table 7 Comparison of the yield performance of rice plants exposed to nanoparticles and sown in ferruginous and non-ferruginous soils

From: Growth and yield performances of rice (Oryza sativa var. nerica) after exposure to biosynthesized nanoparticles

Treatments Wt. of grain/plant (g) p value Change in Wt. of grain/plant (%)
N F N F
AZ5% 0 0.92  < 0.001 − 100 − 8
CA5% 0.674 0.66 0.887 − 32.6 − 34
ZO5% 0.828 2.41  < 0.001 − 17.2  + 141
VA5% 2.281 0.95  < 0.001  + 128.1 − 5
MO5% 0.633 0.29 0.125 − 36.7 − 71
AZ15% 1.418 4.66  < 0.001  + 41.8  + 366
CA15% 1.08 1.53 0.748  + 8  + 53
ZO15% 0.533 0.24 0.426 − 46.7 − 76
VA15% 1.454 0.59  < 0.001  + 45.4 − 41
MO15% 0.978 1.21 0.662 − 2.2  + 21
AZ30% 1.707 1.892 0.831  + 70.7  + 89
CA30% 1.715 0.97 0.003  + 71.5 − 3
ZO30% 0.435 1.04  < 0.001 − 56.5  + 4
VA30% 0.504 1.02  < 0.001 − 49.6  + 2
MO30% 1.556 1.1 0.173  + 55.6  + 10
Control 0.672 1.62  < 0.001 Nil Nil
  1. N Plants sown in non-ferruginous soils (N rice plants were harvested after 12 weeks), F Plants sown in ferruginous soils (F-rice plants were harvested at 17 weeks after sowing)