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Table 2 The effects of nanoparticles on plant growth parameters at 17 weeks after sowing (12 weeks after application of nanoparticles) in ferruginous soil

From: Growth and yield performances of rice (Oryza sativa var. nerica) after exposure to biosynthesized nanoparticles

Treatment Plant height (cm) Stem width (cm) No. of leaves Flag leaf length (cm) Flag leaf width (cm) No. of tillers No. of roots Root depth (cm)
AZ5% 67.91 3.0 17 24.50 1.5 3 19 56.0
CA5% 69.86 3.0 10 36.50 1.4 2 20 63.0
ZO5% 81.34 2.7 7 24.10 1.4 2 37 61.0
VA15% 74.85 2.5 5 25.00 1.3 1 25 27.5
MO5% 81.84 3.0 18 19.00 1.5 3 26 32.0
AZ15% 62.87 2.6 15 24.50 1.5 3 19 33.0
CA15% 69.86 2.6 11 31.00 1.6 2 24 44.0
ZO15% 75.35 2.2 6 27.50 1.5 2 46 49.0
VA5% 34.93 3.2 20 21.00 1.3 4 10 37.0
MO15% 67.86 3.2 14 23.50 1 2 23 27.0
AZ30% 61.88 3.0 28 36.50 1.8 5 18 47.0
CA30% 48.9 2.7 13 35.00 1.4 3 15 46.5
ZO30% 58.88 3.2 22 22.00 1.1 5 26 40.0
VA30% 65.87 2.5 13 28.00 1.1 5 31 47.5
MO30% 55.89 3.1 12 25.00 0.8 2 28 17.5
Control 25.45 1.5 15 21.87 0.8 3 7 28.0
p value 0.016 0.562  < 0.001 0.487 0.722  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.048
LSD(0.05) 28.1 1.8 7 19.4   2 14 23.9
  1. CA Carica papaya, VA Vernonia amygdalina, MO Moringa oleiofera, AZ Azadiracta indica ZO Hibiscus sabdariffa