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Table 1 Plant growth parameters at 12 weeks after sowing (8 weeks after application of nanoparticles) in the rice stands sown in the non-ferrugenous soil

From: Growth and yield performances of rice (Oryza sativa var. nerica) after exposure to biosynthesized nanoparticles

Treatments leaf length (cm) Plant height (cm) No. of leaves Leaf width (cm) Stem girth (cm) No. of tillers No of roots Length of flag leaf (cm) Width of flag leaf (cm) Dry wt. of root
AZ5% 42.2 31.0 17 1.4 2.0 4 59 39.0 1.4 3.964
CA5% 55.7 35.0 14 1.5 2.0 3 60 35.0 1.3 7.099
ZO5% 62.8 32.0 11 1.2 3.0 3 80 42.2 2.0 4.895
VA5% 53 41.0 25 1.0 2.9 5 89 35.0 1.5 8.062
MO5% 72.5 51.0 26 0.7 3.3 5 93 34.0 1.3 9.971
AZ15% 55.9 45.0 12 1.1 2.0 2 61 21.4 1.5 6.113
CA15% 63.5 47.3 22 1.3 2.0 6 100 32.7 1.2 4.863
ZO15% 55 50.0 19 1.4 2.3 3 72 30.1 1.4 5.640
VA15% 53.5 54.0 25 0.6 2.8 4 65 29.5 1.3 7.740
MO15% 68.8 38.0 11 0.7 2.9 3 68 37.0 1.5 4.576
AZ30% 75 59.0 11 1.2 3.3 3 60 44.5 1.3 5.488
CA30% 55.5 47.7 17 0.6 2.7 6 109 22.0 1.4 4.769
ZO30% 53.8 47.0 24 1.5 2.0 4 102 31.8 1.7 6.349
VA30% 65 48.0 16 1.0 2.4 4 73 29.5 2.5 5.286
MO30% 57.5 51.5 12 1.2 3.0 3 97 45.1 1.6 5.564
C1 49.8 40.0 8 1.3 2.5 2 61 34.2 1.6 5.099
p value 0.615 0.040 0.001 0.815 0.912 0.682 0.059 0.412 0.192 0.417
LSD (0.05) 16.3 13.8 5 1.0 1.7 3 26 11.3 0.8 3.013
  1. CA Carica papaya, VA Vernonia amygdalina, MO Moringa oleiofera, AZ Azadiracta indica ZO Hibiscus sabdariffa