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Table 2 Knowledge (risk, clinical presentation and prevention) among the studied cases and according to residence

From: Egyptian school children awareness and precautions in Covid19 pandemic: a cross sectional survey study

Variables Correct responses rates
All cases
(N = 708)
Residence P value
Urban
(N = 576)
Non-urban
(N = 132)
Risk knowledge
1. Know the cause of COVID-19 650 (91.8%) 536 (93.1%) 114 (86.4%) 0.011#*
2. Transmission of disease by cough or sneezing 685 (96.8%) 564 (97.9%) 121 (91.7%) 0.001*§
3. Transmission via droplets during speaking 594 (83.9%) 487 (84.5%) 107 (81.1%) 0.325#
4. Transmission through contaminated surfaces 666 (94.1%) 546 (94.8%) 120 (90.9%) 0.089#
5. Virus survival for days in metallic surfaces 516 (72.9%) 423 (73.4%) 93 (70.5%) 0.487#
6. No trans-placental or perinatal transmission 143 (20.2%) 126 (21.9%) 17 (12.9%) 0.020*#
7. No transmission via Breast milk 182 (25.7%) 157 (27.3%) 25 (18.9%) 0.049*#
8. No transmission via cooked food 407 (57.5%) 350 (60.8%) 57 (43.2%)  < 0.001*#
9. Money and bags are source of infection 611 (86.3%) 497 (86.3%) 114 (86.4%) 0.981#
10. Covid19 is not transmitted from pets 269 (38.0%) 239 (41.5%) 30 (22.7%)  < 0.001*#
Risk score, Mean ± SD 66.7 ± 17.0 68.1 ± 16.4 60.5 ± 18.0 ^ < 0.001*
Risk score grade
 < 50 65 (9.2%) 45 (7.8%) 20 (15.2%) 0.008*#
 ≥ 50 643 (90.8%) 531 (92.2%) 112 (84.8%)  
Clinical presentation knowledge
1. Possibility of asymptomatic Covid 19 patient 618 (87.3%) 506 (87.8%) 112 (84.8%) 0.351#
2. Fever 654 (92.4%) 535 (92.9%) 119 (90.2%) 0.286#
3. Coughing 668 (94.4%) 544 (94.4%) 124 (93.9%) 0.821#
4. Sore throat 653 (92.2%) 534 (92.7%) 119 (90.2%) 0.322#
5. Body aches 609 (86.0%) 498 (86.5%) 111 (84.1%) 0.479#
6. Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain 502 (70.9%) 398 (69.1%) 104 (78.8%) 0.027*#
7. Loss of taste or smell 561 (79.2%) 457 (79.3%) 104 (78.8%) 0.888#
8. Pneumonia 606 (85.6%) 496 (86.1%) 110 (83.3%) 0.412#
9. Some patients may get difficulty in breathing and need ICU admission 634 (89.5%) 523 (90.8%) 111 (84.1%) 0.023#
10. Presence of clinical symptoms of Covid-19 needs medical consultation 667 (94.2%) 552 (95.8%) 115 (87.1%)  < 0.001*#
Clinical presentation score, Mean ± SD 87.2 ± 18.5 87.6 ± 17.9 85.5 ± 20.8 ^0.257
Clinical presentation score grade
 < 50 33 (4.7%) 26 (4.5%) 7 (5.3%) 0.698#
 ≥ 50 675 (95.3%) 550 (95.5%) 125 (94.7%)  
Prevention knowledge
1. Repeated hand washing for 20 s 691 (97.6%) 566 (98.3%) 125 (94.7%) 0.025*§
2. Avoid touching the face with unclean hand 680 (96.0%) 559 (97.0%) 121 (91.7%) 0.004*#
3. Hand sterilization with alcohol 682 (96.3%) 563 (97.7%) 119 (90.2%) < 0.001*§
4 Mask wearing outside home 676 (95.5%) 556 (96.5%) 120 (90.9%) 0.005*#
5. Keep social distance > 2 m 667 (94.2%) 550 (95.5%) 117 (88.6%) 0.002*#
6. Good home ventilation 631 (89.1%) 519 (90.1%) 112 (84.8%) 0.080#
7. Keep surfaces sterile with sanitizers 676 (95.5%) 556 (96.5%) 120 (90.9%) 0.005*#
8. Healthy food rich in vitamin C 604 (85.3%) 501 (87.0%) 103 (78.0%) 0.009*#
9. Exposure to the sun 616 (87.0%) 501 (87.0%) 115 (87.1%) 0.965#
10. Regular physical exercise 554 (78.2%) 455 (79.0%) 99 (75.0%) 0.316#
Prevention score, Mean ± SD 91.5 ± 15.8 92.5 ± 13.8 87.2 ± 22.4 ^0.010*
Prevention score grade
 < 50 15 (2.1%) 8 (1.4%) 7 (5.3%) 0.011*§
 ≥ 50 693 (97.9%) 568 (98.6%) 125 (94.7%)  
  1. Bold values indicate significance of the data
  2. Data presented as frequency (percent) unless mentioned otherwise
  3. #Chi square test
  4. §Fishers Exact test
  5. *Significant (< 0.050)
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