Skip to main content

Table 3 Various chemical compounds obtained from different species of Arisaema

From: Traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicity of Arisaema (Areaceae): a review

S no Plant species Compound Used against Result References
1 Arisaema curvatum Kunth Lectins Bactrocera cucurbitae significant reduction in the percentage pupation and emergence of the adults Singh et al. (2008)
2 Arisaema jacquemontii Lectins Bactrocera cucurbitae and in vitro proliferation of HCT-15 (82%), HOP-62 (77%), SW-620 (73%) and HT-29 (70%) cancer cell lines A monocot lectin having potent anti-insect and anti-proliferative activity, anticancerous activity Kaur et al. (2006), Tanveer et al. (2013)
   oxalic acid (1) (Fig. 2) and calcium oxalate (2) crystals, tannins, sterols, flavonoids, saponins, a calcium oxalate (2),alkaloid, protein, carbohydrates and oils Skin diseases, ring worm, against insects, bacteria etc Antibacterial activity, insecticidal activity antiproliferative activity, and successful in curing skin diseases and ring worms Iqbal et al. (2018)
   terpenoids, Coumarins (51), quinones, glycosides Alkaloids, anthraquinones, flavonoids, phenols, and phenolics mitogen induced T-cell and B-cell proliferation Immune Suppressed. Swiss albino mice, microbes and in food preprations Considerable antioxidant, antitumour and immunomodulating potential Sudan et al. (2014), Baba and Malik (2015)
   Triterpenoids,Arginine (18),Aspartic Acid (19), Leucine (20) (21), Serine (22),Threonine (23),Tyrosine (24) Arisaeminone (25),valine (26) 13-phenyltridecanoic acid (27) Alanine (17), Against Plasmodium berghei vincke strong antimalarial activity, helps in attaining muscular strength and useful for skin problems like blisters and pimples Kletter and Kriechbaum (2001), Khan (2007), Jeelani et al. (2010), Banyal et al. (2014)
3 Arisaema erubescens Aurantiamide acetate (N-benzoyl-1-phenylalany l-1 -phenylalaninol acetate); Paenol Cancer disease anticancer properties both in vitro and in vivo; Cytotoxic and anticancerous Ducki et al. (1995)
   alkaloids, saponins, triterpenoids and lectins dampness, resolving phlegm, expelling wind, relieving convulsions, removing swelling and lumps Eliminated dampness, resolving phlegm, expelling wind, relieving convulsions, removing swelling and lumps Shangary et al. (1995), Jeelani et al. (2010), Liu et al. (2011)
   Nematocidal Flavone-C-Glycosides ( schaftoside and isoschaftoside) Nematodes Nematocidal activity Du et al. (2011)
4 A. Intermedium Blume and A. wallichianum Hook Lectins Insect pests, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), Antiinsect Kaur et al. (2005)
5 Arisaema decipiens piperidine alkaloid (,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-6-(9-phenylnonyl) piperidine,and tetranortriterpenoids (6-deacetylnimbin, 28-deoxonimbolide and nimbin and limnoids MCF-7 cell line, K562 and SK-OV-3 cell cancer cells. and tumour Inhibition on MCF-7 cell line, K562 and SK-OV-3 cell cancer cells. and against tumour Zhao et al. (2010)
6 A. amurense Cytotoxic diacylglycerylgalactosides and antihepatotoxic cerebrosides murine leukemia P388 and human colon adenocarcinoma DLD-1 cells Hepatotoxicity and Anti-cancerous Jung et al (1996a)
7 A. helleborifolium Schott Lectins Insect pest (Bactrocera cucurbitae) and in vitro proliferation of [HOP-62 (lung), HCT-15 (colon) Insecticidal and inhibition to in vitro proliferation of [HOP-62 (lung), HCT-15 (colon) Kaur et al. (2006)
8 A. flavum Lectins,13-phenyltridecanoic Acid, Asparagine (28), Cysteine, Glycine (30), Norvaline (31), Ornithine (32), β-setosteryl Galactoside (34),alfa and beta amyrin (33) J774 and P388D1 murine macrophage cancer cell lines Antiproliferation of J774 and P388D1 murine macrophage cancer cell lines Rastogi and Mehrotra, (1979), Singh et al. (2004)
9 A. vulgare Targ 2-alkylpyrrolidine and 2-alkylpiperidine alkaloids   Antitumour activity Pezzuto et al. (1999)
10 Arisaema yunnanense   Pinellia ternate adulterant of traditional medicine Pinellia ternate Liu and Guo (2010)
11 Arisaema tortuosum Schott The tubers contains n-alkanes, n-alkanols, stigmasterols, sitosterols, campesterol, cholesterol (11), choline chloride, staychydrine hydrochloride (13),Lutin, quercetin, Luteolin Many cancer cell lines Anticancerous Dhuna et al. (2005)
    human cancer cell lines HT29, SiHa and OVCAR-5 inhibit in vitro proliferation of human cancer cell lines HT29 Miglani (1978), Pullaiah (2006), Nile and Park (2014)
   Flavonoids Stress and inflammation Reduces stress level Nile and Park (2014)
   carbohydrate, glycoside and steroids Nematodes abscess and antinematodal activity Verma et al (2015)
    Nematodes, bacteria ( such as p merabulus,s aureus, E coli,B cerus, S typhii, K pneumonia, p aeruginosa, E faecalis) and against fungi including A. alternata, A niger, A flavus, F solani, F sporium, and P notatum Antihelmenthic activity, wound healing property and growth inhibition of some bacterial and fungal strains Verma et al. (2012), Azam et al. (2016)
12 Arisaema leschenaultii Blume Ethanolic extracts,steroids, triterpenoids, reducing sugars, alkaloids, phenolic compounds,flavonoids, tannins,catechins,anthroquionones, saponins, aminoacids, Albino mice and guinea pig, diseases, piles, Antiallergic, cure piles, skin problems Vinay et al. (2010), Annie selvakumari (2015)
   . It has high concentration of saponins, steroids, terpenes, triterpenoids, polyphenols and moderate concentrations of tannins, phylobatannins, flavonoids (52), carbohydrates, anthraquinone (53) and glycosides Microbes, free radicals, allergies and against reproduction in cattles and pigs Antiseptic properties in buffalo’s antimicrobial activity, wound healing activity, antioxidant activity, free radical scavenging activity, antiulcer activity, antiallergic activity, and against reproduction in pigs and cattles Kumari and Narasimhan (2003), Gunde et al (2009), Vinay jain et al. (2010), (2012,2015), Suruse et al. (2011), Suresh et al. (2017)
13 Arisaema utile Schott Lectins six human cancer cell-lines and human lymph, antimicrobial activity, antioxidant activity, wound healing activity Potent inhibition towards six human cancer cell-lines and potent mitogenic response towards human lymphocytes Dhuna et al (2010)
14 Arisaema ringens Basic lectins   Inhibition of haemagglutination Yagi et al. (2008)
15 Arisaema utile Methanolic extract, N-acetyl-D-lactosamine human cancer cell lines including THP-1 (leukemia), A-549 (lung), HCT,15 (Colon), Cervix (Hela) and Prostrate (PC-3), P. aeruginosa -P.vulgaris -S.aureus -B.Subtilis -S. epidermidis, DPPH Antimicrobial, cytotoxic and antioxidant Mubashir and Shah (2012)
16 Arisaema franchetianum Cubenol (38),guaiol (39),eugenol (37) m,linalool (36),Alfa bisobalol (41), carvacrol (40), A novel pyrrolidine alkaloid, (2R*,3S*,5S*)-N,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-5-(10-phenyldecyl) pyrrolidine, and 17 compounds were bergenin emodin., caffeic acid, nobiletin, 3-O-b-D-galactopyranosyl-hederagenin 28-O-b-Dxylopyranosyl (1 ! 6)-b-D-galactopyranosyl ester, coniferin, qingyangshengenin methylconiferin, syringaresinol 40-O-b-D-glucopyranoside, gagaminine, perlolyrine, (S)-1-(10-hydroxyethyl)-b-carboline, 1-(bcarboline-1-yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-1-pentanone, 1-methoxycarbonyl-b-carboline (48), indolo[2,3-a] carbazole (49), 4-hydroxycinnamic acid methyl ester, and methyl 4-[2-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl)ethyl] ferulate Inflammation, against porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRSV), human leukemic K562 cells, and human breast cancer MCF-7 cells Anti-inflammatory effect, Inhibitory effect on porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRSV), human leukemic K562 cells, and human breast cancer MCF-7 cells Miglani et al. (1978), Ducki et al. (1996), Jung, et al. (1996a, b), Li and Long (1998), Lee et al. (2000), He et al. (2002), Huang et al. (2004), Bremner et al. (2004), Lamkadem et al. (2005), Mao et al. (2001), Nunomura et al (2009), Zhao et al. (2010), Sun et al. (2011), Tao et al. (2011), Wang et al. (2007), Su et al. (2013), Mubashir and Shah (2012), Jia et al. (2018)
17 Arisaema murrayi Hook Poison Albino mice Poisoning on Albino mice that resulted in changes in behavior such as convulsion of limbs, drowsiness, dilation in pupils, and ultimately leading to death. Liver, kidney and small intestine got affected which carries some changes such as liver turns to black on edges and slightly congested, color of kidney changed to black and small intestine showed black or sometimes yellowish patches Sagar et al. (2014)
18 Arisaema airorubens, A. stewardsonii, A. Triphyllum (L.) Torr Oxalates Has toxic properties Intense irritation and burning of the mouth and tongue, with associated inflammation, Edema and Salivation. Deadly if tongue swells, blocking the air passage Pandita et al. (2014)
19 Arisaema anurans Oxygenated terpenes, phenyl propanoids Microbes, fungi Antimicrobial and antifungal Jia et al. (2018)
20 Arisaema cumbile   Inflammation, skin diseases and mental disorders Inhibits the production of proinflammatory cytokinins including interleukins, helps to cure dermatitis and neurological disorders Sudan et al. (2014)