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Table 2 Traditional uses of some species of genus Arisaema

From: Traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicity of Arisaema (Areaceae): a review Species Common Name Part used Traditional uses References
1 Arisaema amurense Amur jack in pulpit Tubers and rhizomes It is used to cure rheumatism, ulcers of digestive tract, tumour, and is used against pests. It has also been used as pain killer and as anticonvulsant Chung et al. (1995), Jung et al. (1996a, b), Zhao et al. (2010)
2 Arisaema Tortuosum Whipcord cobra lily Tubers It is used to cure rheumatism, stomache, snake bite, piles, constipation, indigestion, abdominal pain, dysentery, contraceptive, nematodal infections, dog bite and liver infections. It is also used to cure inflammation, stress, wounds of cattle to kill parasites, gout, hyperuricemia, and is used to detect the poisonous effects of snake bite. It’s dried tubers are used in respiratory problems Hussain et al. (2006), Sharma and Majumdar (2003), Jain et al. (2005), Uniyal and Shiva (2005), (Bhatt and Negi, 2006), Paulsamy et al. (2017), Choudhary et al. (2008), Gangwar et al. (2010), Kamble et al (2010), Suresh et al. (2011), Pragada et al. (2012), Nile and Park (2014)
3 Arisaema jaquemontii Sap-ki booti or snake herb Tubers It is used to cure respiratory infections, intestinal worms, skin problems including pimples, blisters, ring worms, and is used as a massage on muscles to regain muscular strength. It is also used as anti convulsant and as antidote for snake bites. Rao (1981), Bibi et al. (2010), Verma et al. (2012), Iqbal et al. (2018)
4 Arisaema leschenaultii Dhei or cobra lily Corm It is used to treat urinary tract diseases, colitis, eczema, purging, gonorrhea, piles, haemorrhoids, syphills, round worm, sinus, wound healing, and skin diseases Fyson (1932), Shaw and Will (1973), Agarwal (1997), Mathew (1999), Pallithanam and Mathew (1999)
5 Arisaema erubescens Blushing cobra lily Rhizome Its rhizomes are used to in eliminating dampness, resolving phlegm, expelling wind, relieving convulsions, removing swelling and lumps and to elevate subsidence of induration. These rhizomes are also used for stomachic disorders Zhu et al. (1999), Mao et al. (2001), Liu et al. (2011), Du et al. (2011)
6 Arisaema lobatum Chinese cobra lily Tubers It is used against malaria, intestinal parasites, snake and insect bites in humans and animals Zhu et al. (2013)
7 Arisaema cumbile   rhizomes It is exploited to treat dermatitis and neurological disorders Hu et al (2009), Sudan et al. (2014)
8 Arisaema franchetianum Hugo aka cobra lily Tubers It is used for snake bites, used to elevate subsidence of induration, swelling, quicken blood-flow, relieve pains, and as anti-inflammatory. It has also been used to kill the intestinal parasites of humans and animals Li et al. (2013), Zhu et al. (2013)
9 Arisaema calcareum, Arisaema serratum, A. asperatum, A. hetrophyllum   Rhizomes and tubers These species are used to cure tumour, to kill pests, and as pain killer Zhao et al. (2010)
10 Arisaema hetrophyllum, A. peninsulae, A. robustum, A. consaguineum and A. joponicum   Tubers, rhizome Used as anticonvulsants Jung et al. (1996a)