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Table 4 Farmers’ perception of the effectiveness of vetiver grass in erosion control.

From: Farmers’ awareness of the potential of vetiver grass for soil erosion control on Ogbomoso Agricultural Zone farmlands, south-western Nigeria

Variables Level of agreement
Strongly agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly disagree Total
Age       
 ≤ 30 6 (14.29) 23 (54.76) 11 (26.19) 1 (2.38) 1 (2.38) 42 (100.00)
 31–40 41 (35.96) 26 (22.81) 39 (34.21) 5 (4.39) 3 (2.63) 114 (100.00)
 41–50 45 (39.47) 31 (27.19) 33 (28.95) 3 (2.63) 2 (1.75) 114 (100.00)
 51–60 38 (43.68) 27 (31.03) 17 (19.54) 4 (4.60) 1 (1.15) 87 (100.00)
 Above 60 14 (32.56) 13 (30.23) 14 (32.56) 2 (4.65) 0 (0.00) 43 (100.00)
Linear-by-linear association 0.0066 (P = 0.0962)*
Gender       
 Male 107 (36.64) 96 (32.88) 73 (25.00) 11 (3.77) 5 (1.71) 292 (100.00)
 Female 37 (34.26) 24 (22.22) 41 (37.96) 4 (3.70) 2 (1.85) 108 (100.00)
Linear-by-linear association 0.2324 (P = 0.0009)***
Marital status       
 Married 123 (38.68) 89 (27.99) 94 (29.56) 7 (2.20) 5 (1.57) 318 (100.00)
 Single 6 (16.67) 19 (52.78) 8 (22.22) 2 (5.56) 1 (2.78) 36 (100.00)
 Widow 12 (41.38) 6 (20.69) 8 (27.59) 2 (6.90) 1 (3.45) 29 (100.00)
 Divorce 3 (25.00) 3 (25.00) 2 (16.67) 4 (33.33) 0 (0.00) 12 (100.00)
 Separated 0 (0.00) 3 (60.00) 2 (40.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 5 (100.00)
Linear-by-linear association 0.0030 (P = 0.0210)**
Household size       
 ≤ 5 94 (42.34) 63 (28.38) 54 (24.32) 6 (2.70) 5 (2.25) 222 (100.00)
 6–10 50 (28.09) 57 (32.02) 60 (33.71) 9 (5.06) 2 (1.12) 178 (100.00)
Linear-by-linear association 0.0834 (P = 0.5324)
Level of education       
 No formal education 26 (27.08) 23 (23.96) 40 (41.67) 6 (6.25) 1 (1.04) 96 (100.00)
 Primary education 25 (31.65) 25 (31.65) 24 (30.38) 5 (6.33) 0 (0.00) 79 (100.00)
 Secondary education 74 (38.34) 63 (32.64) 47 (24.35) 4 (2.07) 5 (2.59) 193 (100.00)
 Post-secondary education 19 (59.38) 9 (28.13) 3 (9.38) 0 (0.00) 1 (3.13) 32 (100.00)
Linear-by-linear association 0.0094 (P = 0.0000)***
Income per cropping season (US dollars)       
 ≤ 200 136 (36.46) 114 (30.56) 102 (27.35) 15 (4.02) 6 (1.61) 373 (100.00)
 201–250 1 (14.29) 1 (14.29) 4 (57.14) 0 (0.00) 1 (14.29) 7 (100.00)
 251–300 3 (37.50) 2 (25.00) 3 (37.50) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 8 (100.00)
 301–350 2 (25.00) 2 (25.00) 4 (50.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 8 (100.00)
 Above 350 2 (50.00) 1 (25.00) 1 (25.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 4 (100.00)
Linear-by-linear association 0.2334 (P = 0.0301)**
Secondary occupation       
 Civil servant 21 (40.38) 17 (32.69) 12 (23.08) 0 (0.00) 2 (3.85) 52 (100.00)
 Private business 122 (37.08) 91 (27.66) 97 (29.48) 15 (4.56) 4 (1.22) 329 (100.00)
 Student 1 (5.26) 5 (26.32) 12 (63.16) 0 (0.00) 1 (5.26) 19 (100.00)
Linear-by-linear association 0.4236 (P = 0.1411)
  1. Figures in parenthesis are percentage
  2. $ 1 = ₦ 360
  3. ***,**,*Significant at 1%, 5% and 10% probability level, respectively
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