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Table 4 Effect of the tested formulations on pupation and adult formation of A. ipsilon

From: Field persistence of certain new insecticides and their efficacy against black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel)

Conc. (mg L−1) Adult formation % ± SE Pupation % ± SE
E* I* C* E* I* C*
Control 91c ± 0.2 93c ± 2.1 95c ± 3.5a 81c ± 1.7 83 ± 2.3a 86c ± 1.2
10 86c ± 2.3 87c ± 2.4 88c ± 2.9 78c ± 3.6 80 ± 0.2a 82c ± 1.6
25 36b ± 0.7 38b ± 1.6 41b ± 1.7 32b ± 4.6 35 ± 1.1b 37b ± 2.8
50 15a ± 0.5 18a ± 0.8 22a ± 0.1 10a ± 1.7 13 ± 1.5c 16a ± 0.8
  1. Means followed by the same letter in the same column are not significantly different according to Tukey's multiple range test at P < 0.05
  2. E*: Emamectin benzoate, I*: Indoxacarb, C*: Chlorantraniliprole