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Table 1 Dose–response of adult S. cerealella treated with agro waste powders

From: Chemical composition and toxicity of some Agro waste-derived insecticides against Angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga ceralella (Olivier) [Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae] infesting stored paddy grains

Agro waste treatments powders Conc. (g) Mean % mortality ± SE after
24 h 48 h 72 h 96 h
Rice husk 0.1 23.33 ± 2.67b 33.33 ± 2.67bc 40.00 ± 3.88bc 43.33 ± 3.67b
Groundnut pod   30.00 ± 2.88cde 36.67 ± 2.33cde 43.33 ± 3.67bc 46.67 ± 3.67c
Cowpea pod   33.33 ± 2.67bcd 40.00 ± 3.88bcd 46.67 ± 3.33bcd 50.00 ± 3.88bc
Maize cob   26.67 ± 2.33bc 30.00 ± 2.88b 40.00 ± 3.88b 43.33 ± 3.67b
Rice husk 0.2 26.67 ± 2.33bc 36.67 ± 2.33cde 40.00 ± 3.88bc 43.33 ± 3.67cde
Groundnut pod   33.33 ± 2.67def 40.00 ± 3.88def 46.67 ± 3.33bcd 53.33 ± 3.67cde
Cowpea pod   36.67 ± 2.33cde 43.33 ± 3.67def 50.00 ± 3.88cde 56.67 ± 3.33def
Maize cob   30.00 ± 2.88bcd 36.67 ± 2.33cde 43.33 ± 3.67bc 50.00 ± 3.88bcd
Rice husk 0.3 36.67 ± 3.33def 40.00 ± 3.88def 46.67 ± 3.33cde 53.33 ± 3.67cde
Groundnut pod   43.33 ± 3.67efg 46.67 ± 3.33efg 53.33 ± 3.67def 60.00 ± 3.88def
Cowpea pod   46.67 ± 3.33fgh 50.00 ± 3.88efg 56.67 ± 3.33def 63.33 ± 3.67efg
Maize cob   40.00 ± 3.88efg 43.33 ± 3.67efg 50.00 ± 0.00cde 56.67 ± 3.33cde
Rice husk 0.4 40.00 ± 3.88fgh 43.33 ± 3.67fgh 53.33 ± 3.67fgh 60.00 ± 3.88fgh
Groundnut pod   46.67 ± 3.33fgh 50.00 ± 3.88fgh 60.00 ± 3.88fgh 66.67 ± 3.33gh
Cowpea pod   50.00 ± 3.88ghi 53.33 ± 3.67ghi 63.33 ± 3.67ghi 70.00 ± 3.88h
Maize cob   43.33 ± 3.67ghi 46.67 ± 3.33fgh 56.67 ± 3.33efg 63.33 ± 3.67fgh
Rice husk 0.5 46.67 ± 3.33hi 53.33 ± 3.67ijk 63.33 ± 3.67ghi 76.67 ± 3.33i
Groundnut pod   56.67 ± 3.33hi 63.33 ± 3.67jk 66.67 ± 3.33hi 83.33 ± 3.67i
Cowpea pod   60.00 ± 3.88hi 66.67 ± 3.33k 70.00 ± 3.88i 86.67 ± 3.33i
Maize cob   50.00 ± 3.88i 60.00 ± 3.88ijk 66.67 ± 3.33hi 80.00 ± 3.88i
Control   0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a 0.00 ± 0.00a
  1. Mean followed by the same letters within the same column are not significantly different (p > 0.05)